IWAI HANSHIRď X

Stage names:

Iwai Hanshir˘ X In Japanese
Ichikawa Sh˘en II In Japanese

Real name: Nishina Tadayoshi

Guild: Yamatoya

Line number: J█DAIME (X)

Existence: 8 August 1927 ~ 25 December 2011

Connections:

Master: Ichikawa Ennosuke II

Daughter: Iwai Hanshir˘ XI

Disciples: Iwai Yoshitar˘, Iwai Wakajir˘

Career:

August 1927: born in T˘ky˘. He was the elder son of the dance master Hanayagi Jutar˘.

November 1935: he made his first appearance on stage, in T˘ky˘ at the Yűrakuza, playing under his real name the role of Ichikawa Botan in the drama "Ky˘enroku".

May 1939: he became disciple of Ichikawa Ennosuke II and received the name of Ichikawa Sh˘en II at the Yűrakuza, playing the role of Kimimatsu in the drama "Sumidagawa Gonichi no Omokage".

February 1946: Sh˘en became nadai and celebrated it by playing at the T˘ky˘ Gekij˘ the role of Sukemori in the drama "Takiguchi Nyűd˘ no Koi".

July 1951: premiere at the Kabukiza of Uno Nobuo's drama "Jiisan Baasan"; Sh˘en played the role of Iori's son Kyűya [casting].

October 1951: Ichikawa Sh˘en II took the prestigious name of Iwai Hanshir˘ X at the Kabukiza, playing the role of the courtesan Hikari-no-Kimi, Kewaizaka no Sh˘sh˘ and Akihiko in "Genji Monogatari", "Kotobuki Soga no Taimen" and "Kokaji".

July 1952: premiere at the Kabukiza of H˘j˘ Hideji's drama "Kitsune to Fuefuki"; Hanshir˘ played the role of Teruyoshi [casting].

March 1955: Iwai Hanshir˘ X, Ichikawa Chűsha VIII and Ichikawa Yaoz˘ IX celebrated their shűmei in ďsaka at the ďsaka Kabukiza with the troupes led by Ichikawa Ennosuke II and Nakamura Tokiz˘ III; Hanshir˘ played the roles of Nitta Shir˘ Tadatsune, Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari [2], Hikobŕ's son Hikosabur˘, the yamabushi Sanukib˘, Miyashige Kyűya and Nagoya Sanza [3] in "Kagekiyo" [1], "Kotobuki Soga Kabuki no Nigiwai", "Gonza to Sukejű", "Kurozuka", "Oshidori no Fu" and "Sayaate".

October 1955: first Kabuki tour in the Popular Republic of China, in Beijing (2~13 october), Shanghai (17~18 october) and Guangzhou (24~25 october); Hanshir˘ played the roles of Shűrinosuke and Sakurako in the drama "Domo Mata" and the dance "Meoto D˘j˘ji" [more details]. Hanshir˘ had the opportunity to meet the stars of the Chinese Traditional Opera like the famous Mei Lan-Fang.

October 1956: Hanshir˘ moved to the T˘h˘ Company, a competitor of the Sh˘chiku Company.

1961: Hanshir˘ was back at the Sh˘chiku Company.

June 1963: Namiki Sh˘z˘ I's drama "Yadonashi Danshichi Shigure no Karakasa" was produced for the first time at the Kabukiza; Hanshir˘ played the role of Kyűshichi [casting].

October 1965: first Kabuki tour in Western Europe, in West Berlin at the Der Freien VolksbŘhne (2~8 october), in Paris at the ThÚÔtre de l'OdÚon (15~24 october) and in Lisbonne at the Teatro SŃo Luis (29~31 october); Hanshir˘ played the roles of Senoo Tar˘ and Kakogawa Honz˘ in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Shunkan" and the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura" [more details].

November 1966: opening ceremony of the National Theatre in T˘ky˘ with the full length performance of the classic "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"; Hanshir˘ played the role of Miyoshi Kiyotsura [casting].

25 January 1967: his father Hanayagi Jutar˘ died.

March 1967: revival at the National Theatre of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's masterpiece "Sakura Hime Azuma Bunsh˘", which was supervised by Gunji Masakatsu; Hanshir˘ played the role of Matsui Gengo [casting].

July 1968: revival at the Kabukiza of the drama "Kama-ga-Fuchi Futatsu Domoe"; Hanshir˘ played the role of Hayano Yat˘ji [casting].

March 1975: revival at the National Theatre of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Jiraiya G˘ketsu Monogatari"; Hanshir˘ played the role of Yakama Shikaroku [casting].

February 1977: premiere at the Kabukiza of Ikenami Sh˘tar˘'s drama "Ichimatsu Koz˘ no Onna"; Hanshir˘ played the role of Moritaya Hikotar˘ [more details].

February 1978: premiere at the Kabukiza of Ikenami Sh˘tar˘'s drama "Aibiki no Onna"; Hanshir˘ played the role of Oseki [more details].

January 1980: Hanshir˘ received the National Theatre Excellence Prize (Kokuritsu Gekij˘ Yűshűsh˘) for his performance in the role of the nyűd˘ Inokuma Raiun in the revival of the drama "Modoribashi Senani Gohiiki".

January 1982: revival at the National Theatre of "Z˘hiki" [1]; Hanshir˘ played the role of Horikawa Kageyu [casting].

April 1982: Hanshir˘ received the National Theatre Excellence Prize (Kokuritsu Gekij˘ Yűshűsh˘) for his performance in the role of Sachűben Mareyo in the revival of Namiki Gohei I's drama "Tenmangű Natane no Gokű".

January 1983: revival of "Nanatsu Men" [1] at the National Theatre; Hanshir˘ played the role of Kajiwara Heiji Kagetaka [casting].

January 1985: revival at the National Theatre of the drama "Kan U" [1]; Hanshir˘ played the role of Shionoya Shir˘, later Kan Pei [casting].

January 1992: Hanshir˘ played at the National Theatre the roles of Sadoshima Ch˘gor˘ I and Akama Genzaemon in "Gedatsu" [1] and "Musume Gonomi Ukina no Yokogushi".

March 1993: Hanshir˘ played at the National Theatre the role of Sugita Shuzen in the drama "Nezumi Komon Harugi no Hinagata".

May 1993: Hanshir˘ played at the Kabukiza the role of the tea ceremony master Chinsai in the drama "Uir˘ Uri" [1].

October 1993: Hanshir˘ played at the Kabukiza the role of Kitanoya Shichibŕ in the drama "Senry˘ Nobori".

November 1993: Hanshir˘ played at the National Theatre the role of the priest Zangetsu in Tsuruya Nanboku IV's drama "Sakura Hime Azuma Bunsh˘".

January 1994: Hanshir˘ played at the National Theatre the role of Kajiwara Heiz˘ Kagetoki in the drama "Kagekiyo" [1].

April 1994: Hanshir˘ played at the National Theatre the role of the okappiki Tsunematsu in the drama "Kurayami no Ushimatsu".

May 1994: Hanshir˘ played at the Kabukiza the role of Shinsai in the drama "Onna Shibaraku"; this was Hanshir˘'s last stage appearance at the Kabukiza.

December 1994: Hanshir˘ played at the National Theatre the role of the countryside samurai Akamatsu Kunenoshin in the dance "Noriaibune".

January 1995: Hanshir˘ played at the National Theatre the role of the d˘guya Kahei in the drama "Inga Koz˘".

March 1995: Hanshir˘ played at the National Theatre the role of the priest Mukan in Suzuki Senzabur˘'s drama "Jirokichi Zange".

April 1995: Hanshir˘ played at the National Theatre the role of the blind priest Gantetsu in Tsuruya Nanboku IV's drama "Kesakake Matsu Narita no Riken".

November 1995: Hanshir˘ played at the National Theatre the role of Yamagake Heima in the drama "Hachiman Matsuri Yomiya no Nigiwai".

December 1995: Hanshir˘ played at the National Theatre the role of Watanabe Gekizaemon in the drama "Ume Momiji Nishiki no Dateori".

January 1996: Hanshir˘ played at the National Theatre the role of the kar˘ Sakakibara Daisuke in the drama "Narukami Fud˘ Kitayama Zakura".

January 1997: t˘shi ky˘gen revival at the National Theatre of the drama "Dan no Ura Kabuto Gunki"; Hanshir˘ played the role of Hana˘giya Toheiji [casting]. This was Hanshir˘'s last stage appearance as he retired from the Kabuki world.

25 December 2011: Hanshir˘ died of multiple organ failure in T˘ky˘.

Comments:

Iwai Hanshir˘ X spent his career as a supporting tachiyaku/nimaime/katakiyaku, excelling in many minor comical roles. He was a very popular actor during the 1950s and the 1960s, playing major roles in duo with Ichikawa Monnosuke VII at the T˘yoko Hall. He somehow lost his stardom but became a dynamic supporting actor. He was also the head of a branch of one of the Iwai Schools of Buy˘.

[1] This bombastic play in the aragoto style belongs to the Kabuki Jűhachiban

[2] The roles of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune and Soga Gor˘ Tokimune were played by Ichikawa Chűsha VIII and Ichikawa Yaoz˘ IX.

[3] The role of Fuwa Banzaemon was played by Ichikawa Yaoz˘ IX.

Iwai Hanshir˘ X playing the role of Ushiwakamaru in the dance "Hashi Benkei" (print made by Natori Shunsen in 1957)

The Ichikawa Sh˘en line of actors

The Iwai Hanshir˘ line of actors

 
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