SAKATA TďJ█Rď IV

Stage names:

Sakata T˘jűr˘ IV In Japanese
Nakamura Ganjir˘ III In Japanese
Nakamura Senjaku II In Japanese

Dance name:

Karigane Kasen I In Japanese

Real name: Hayashi K˘tar˘

Guild:

Yamashiroya (T˘jűr˘ years)
Narikomaya (Senjaku/Ganjir˘ years)

Line number: YODAIME (IV)

Existence: 31 December 1931 ~ 12 November 2020

Connections:

Great-grandfather: Nakamura Kanjaku III

Grandfather: Nakamura Ganjir˘ I

Father: Nakamura Ganjir˘ II

Sons: Nakamura Ganjir˘ IV, Nakamura Senjaku III

Grandsons: Nakamura Kazutar˘, Nakamura Toranosuke

Career:

31 December 1931: born in Ky˘to.

1 February 1935: his grandfather Nakamura Ganjir˘ I died.

October 1941: he made his first appearance on stage in ďsaka at the Kadoza, where he received the name of Nakamura Senjaku II and performed in the drama "Yamanba".

July 1951: premiere at the ďsaka Kabukiza of Uno Nobuo's drama "Jiisan Baasan"; Senjaku played the role of Kyűya's wife Kiku [casting].

January 1953: Senjaku played for the first time the role of Ohan in the drama "Obiya", which was performed at the ďsaka Kabukiza.

April 1953: release of Fuyushima Taiz˘'s movie "Oyaskusha Koz˘"; Senjaku was casted in this Sh˘chiku movie.

August 1953: revival of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's masterpiece "Sonezaki Shinjű" at the Shinbashi Enbuj˘; Senjaku played the role of the courtesan Tenmaya Ohatsu [more details].

November 1953: release of Nobuo Adachi's movie "Maken" ('Magic Sword'); Senjaku was casted in this Daiei movie.

June 1954: Senjaku played for the first time in ďsaka the role of the courtesan Tenmaya Ohatsu in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's masterpiece "Sonezaki Shinjű", which was performed at the ďsaka Kabukiza; the role of Hiranoya Tokubŕ was played by Nakamura Ganjir˘ II.

January 1955: premiere at the ďsaka Kabukiza of Uno Nobuo's drama "Naniwa no Ashi"; Senjaku played the role of Mayumi [casting].

February 1955: Senjaku left the Sh˘chiku Company to join Takarazuka Eiga. Second edition at the Kabukiza from the 24th to the 27th of February of the Tsubomikai, a study group led by Nakamura Utaemon VI [more details]. It included the premiere of Mishima Yukio's dance-drama "Yuya" [casting] and Izumi Ky˘ka's drama "Tenshu Monogatari" was staged for the first time with Kabuki actors [casting]; Senjaku played the roles of Princess Kame and Asagao in "Tenshu Monogatari" and "Yuya".

June 1955: release of Shimura Toshio's movie "Umi no Kosenta"; Senjaku was casted in this Takarazuka Eiga movie.

July 1955: premiere at the T˘ky˘ Takarazuka Theater of Uno Nobuo's drama "M˘moku Monogatari"; Senjaku played the role of Ochacha/Yodogimi [more details]. This drama was part of the first T˘h˘ Kabuki postwar performance. The T˘ky˘ Takarazuka Theater was taken over by the American occupation forces in 1945, becoming the Ernie Pyle Theater. It was forbiden to Japanese for 10 years and was finally given back to the T˘h˘ Company in 1955, which renamed it with its original name.

December 1956: release of Fuyushima Taiz˘'s movie "Otoko no Hanamichi"; Senjaku was casted in this Takarazuka Eiga movie.

April 1957: release of Inagaki Hiroshi's movie "Yagyű Bugeich˘"; Senjaku was casted in this T˘h˘ movie.

August 1957: release of Aoyagi Nobuo's movie "Ikite-iru Koheiji"; Senjaku was casted in this T˘h˘ movie.

November 1957: release of Horikawa Hiromichi's movie "Onna Goroshi Abura Jigoku" (based on Chikamatsu Monzaemon's masterpiece "Onna Goroshi Abura no Jigoku"); Senjaku was casted in this T˘h˘ movie and played the role of Kawachiya Yohŕ; the role of Teshimaya Okichi was played by the actress Aratama Michiyo.

January 1958: release of Inagaki Hiroshi's movie "Yagyű Bugeich˘: S˘ryű Hiken"; Senjaku was casted in this T˘h˘ movie.

October 1958: wedding with the actress ďgi Chikage.

March 1963: Senjaku joined back the Sh˘chiku Company.

June 1963: premiere at the Kabukiza of Hagiwara Yukio's Nagauta-based dance-drama "ďeyama Shuten D˘ji"; Senjaku played the role of Nadeshiko [casting]. Namiki Sh˘z˘ I's drama "Yadonashi Danshichi Shigure no Karakasa" was produced for the first time at the Kabukiza; Senjaku played the role of the courtesan Otomi [casting].

September 1966: release of ďba Hideo's movie "Yokoborigawa"; Senjaku was casted in this Sh˘chiku movie.

January 1967: revival at the National Theatre of "Narukami Fud˘ Kitayama Zakura"; Senjaku played the roles of Bun'ya Toyohide and the koshimoto Makiginu [casting].

April 1967: revival at the National Theatre of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Yari no Gonza Kasane Katabira"; Senjaku played the role of Sasano Gonza [casting].

May 1973: revival at the National Theatre of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Horikawa Nami no Tsuzumi" to commemorate the 249th anniversary (250th memorial service) of the playwright; Senjaku played the role of Hikokur˘'s wife Otane [casting].

April 1976: revival in 5 acts and 9 scenes the National Theatre of Namiki Gohei I's drama "Kinmon Gosan no Kiri"; Senjaku played the roles of the courtesan Hanatachibana, Ogiku and Mashiba Hisayoshi [casting].

August 1980: revival at the National Theatre of Namiki Sh˘z˘ I's drama "Yadonashi Danshichi Shigure no Karakasa"; Senjaku played the role of Danshichi Mohŕ [casting].

May 1982: foundation of the Chikamatsuza, a touring troupe led by Senjaku and dedicated to the production of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's dramas. The drama "Shinjű Ten no Amijima" was staged for this first tour; Senjaku played the role of Kamiya Jihŕ; his stage partners were Sawamura T˘jűr˘ II (Koharu), Nakamura Tomijűr˘ V (Magoemon) and Sawamura Tanosuke VI (Osan).

13 April 1983: his father Nakamura Ganjir˘ II died.

October 1983: second Chikamatsuza tour in T˘ky˘, ďsaka and K˘be. Senjaku produced Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Komochi Yamanba" in which he played the roles of Oginoya Yaegiri and Yamanba.

May 1984: third Chikamatsuza tour in T˘ky˘ and ďsaka; Senjaku produced Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Onna Goroshi Abura no Jigoku", in which he played the role of Kawachiya Yohŕ.

September 1985: fourth Chikamatsuza tour in 6 cities; Senjaku produced Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Meido no Bikyaku", in which he played the role of Kameya Chűbŕ.

November 1990: Nakamura Senjaku II took the name of Nakamura Ganjir˘ III at the Kabukiza, playing the roles of Fujiya Izaemon and the spirit of the lion in the play "Kuruwa Bunsh˘" and the dance "Kagami Jishi"; his stage partner in the role of ďgiya Yűgiri in "Yoshidaya" was Onoe Baik˘ VII.

December 1990: Ganjir˘ celebrated his second month of shűmei at the Kabukiza, playing the roles of Kamiya Jihŕ [1] and Tsuchiya Chikara in the dramas "Shinjű Ten no Amijima" ("Kawash˘" ) and "Tsuchiya Chikara".

January 1991: Ganjir˘ celebrated his first month of shűmei in ďsaka at the Nakaza, playing the roles of Tsuchiya Chikara, the spirit of the Lion and Kamiya Jihŕ [2] in the drama "Tsuchiya Chikara", the dance "Kagami Jishi" and Chikamatsu Monzaemon's masterpiece "Shinjű Ten no Amijima" ("Kawash˘" ).

February 1991: Ganjir˘ celebrated his second month of shűmei at the Nakaza, playing the roles of Kameya Chűbŕ [3], the snake disguised as the shiraby˘shi Hanako and the hair-dresser Sanigoroshichi (in fact Asaka Yoichir˘ Haruyoshi) in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's masterpiece "Koi Bikyaku Yamato ďrai" ("Fűin Giri"), the dance "Musume D˘j˘ji" and the drama "Kari no Tayori".

October 1991: Ganjir˘ celebrated his shűmei in Nagoya at the Misonoza, playing the role of a little girl, Jűbŕ [4] and the spirit of the Lion in the dance "Tenaraiko", the drama "Numazu" and the dance "Kagami Jishi".

November 1991: Ganjir˘ celebrated his first month of shűmei in Ky˘to at the Minamiza, playing the roles of Kamiya Jihŕ [5] and Fujiya Izaemon [6] in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's masterpiece "Shinjű Ten no Amijima" ("Kawash˘" ) and "Kuruwa Bunsh˘".

December 1991: Ganjir˘ celebrated his second month of shűmei at the Minamiza, playing the roles of Kameya Chűbŕ [7] and the snake disguised as the shiraby˘shi Hanako in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's masterpiece "Koi Bikyaku Yamato ďrai" ("Fűin Giri") and the dance "Musume D˘j˘ji".

December 1992: foudation of the Karigane-ryű, a school of Buy˘; he became the first iemoto and his name as a Buy˘ master was Karigane Kasen I.

1994: Ganjir˘ received the prestigious title of Living National Treasure (Ningen Kokuh˘ in Japanese).

15 December 1994: Ganjir˘ joined the prestigious Japan Art Academy (Nihon Geijutsuin).

January 1995: Ganjir˘ plays for the 1000th times, the 16th of January in ďsaka at the Nakaza, the role of the courtesan Tenmaya Ohatsu in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's masterpiece "Sonezaki Shinjű"; the role of Hiranoya Tokubŕ was played by T˘jűr˘'s son Nakamura Senjaku (who celebrated along with Nakamura Kanjaku his shűmei).

June 1998: great revival of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Keisei Mibu Dainenbutsu" for the 14th Chikamatsuza tour. This plays had not been performed for 296 years !

March 2000: 15th Chikamatsuza tour; Ganjir˘ produced the "Fűin Giri" scene of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Koi Bikyaku Yamato ďrai".

June 2000: revival at the Kabukiza of the spectacular hengemono "ďtsue D˘j˘ji"; Ganjir˘ played the roles of the wisteria maiden, a falcon-handler, a zat˘, a boatman and the ˘tsue demon [more details].

May ~ June 2001: Chikamatsuza tour and several Kabuki seminars in England. Ganjir˘ and his 2 sons (Kanjaku and Senjaku) play in "Tsuri Onna" and "Sonezaki Shinjű" [more details].

June 2003: two-week Chikamatsuza tour in Moscow and St. Petersburg (Russia). Chikamatsu Monzaemon's masterpiece "Sonezaki Shinjű" was performed with Ganjir˘ and his son Nakamura Kanjaku in the roles of Tenmaya Ohatsu and Hiranoya Tokubŕ. "It was very rewarding to perform in Russia, a country full of theater lovers," Ganjir˘ said to some journalists.

May 2004: 3-day Chikamatsuza tour in Beijing (China) with Nakamura Kanjaku and Nakamura Kikaku. The program was made up of the dances "Tachi Nusubito" and "Fuji Musume". Ganjir˘ played the role of the Wisteria Maiden in the latter dance.

April 2005: Chikamatsuza tour in Korea with Nakamura Kanjaku and Nakamura Kikaku. The program was made up of the dance "B˘ Shibari" and Chikamatsu Monzaemon's masterpiece "Sonezaki Shinjű"; Ganjir˘ played the role of Tenmaya Ohatsu in the latter drama [more details].

June 2005: Chikamatsuza tour in the USA with Nakamura Kanjaku and Nakamura Kikaku. The program was made up of the dance "B˘ Shibari" and Chikamatsu Monzaemon's masterpiece "Sonezaki Shinjű"; Ganjir˘ played the role of Tenmaya Ohatsu in the latter drama [more details].

December 2005: Nakamura Ganjir˘ III took the name of Sakata T˘jűr˘ IV in Ky˘to at the Minamiza, playing the roles of Fujiya Izaemon, Tenmaya Ohatsu and Princess Yaegaki in the dramas "Yűgiri Nagori no Sh˘gatsu", "Sonezaki Shinjű" and "Honch˘ Nijűshik˘". This prestigious name had not been held since the 24th of the 8th lunar month of 1774 (231 years and a few months!).

January 2006: T˘jűr˘ celebrated his shűmei in T˘ky˘ at the Kabukiza, playing the roles of Fujiya Izaemon, Tenmaya Ohatsu and Masaoka in the dramas "Yűgiri Nagori no Sh˘gatsu", "Sonezaki Shinjű" and "Meiboku Sendai Hagi".

February 2006: T˘jűr˘ celebrated his shűmei in Fukuoka at the Hakataza, playing the role of Masaoka in the drama "Meiboku Sendai Hagi" and the 5 roles of the hengemono "ďtsue D˘j˘ji".

July 2006: T˘jűr˘ celebrated his shűmei in ďsaka at the Sh˘chikuza, playing the roles of Danshichi Kurobŕ and the shiraby˘shi Hanako in the drama "Natsu Matsuri" and the dance "Musume D˘j˘ji".

October 2006: T˘jűr˘ celebrated his shűmei at the Misonoza in Nagoya, playing the roles of Sasaki Moritsuna and the keisei Yayoi (in reality the spirit of a shishi) in the drama "ďmi Genji Senjin Yakata" and the dance "Makura Jishi".

May 2007: 18th edition of the Chikamatsuza tour; T˘jűr˘ celebrated his shűmei on the road, playing the role of Fujiya Izaemon in the drama "Kuruwa Bunsh˘"; the role of Izaemon's lover, the courtesan ďgiya Yűgiri, was played by Nakamura Kaishun II.

September 2007: 19th edition of the Chikamatsuza tour, in 4 cities in China; T˘jűr˘ played the roles of Otoku and the Spirit of the Lion in "Domo Mata" and "Hanabusa Shűjaku no Shishi" [more details].

December 2007: T˘jűr˘ celebrated at the Minamiza his kiju kinen performance, playing the leading role of the great dance "Ky˘ganoko Musume D˘j˘ji". He also played the role of Yoshitsune in the dance-drama "Kanjinch˘"; the roles of Benkei and Togashi Saemon were played by Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IX and Nakamura Kinnosuke II.

March 2008: T˘jűr˘ celebrated at the Kabukiza his kiju kinen performance, playing the leading role of the great dance "Ky˘ganoko Musume D˘j˘ji". This production featured the rare performance of the oshimodoshi final part of the dance, where T˘jűr˘ appeared as a serpent and was pushed back by a powerful hero played in the bombastic aragoto style by Ichikawa Danjűr˘ XII. T˘jűr˘ also played the double role of Kojir˘/Atsumori in the drama "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki"; the roles of Kumagai Jir˘ Naozane and Princess Tamaori were played by Ichikawa Danjűr˘ XII and Nakamura Kaishun II.

June 2008: T˘jűr˘ celebrated at the Hakataza (Fukuoka) his kiju kinen performance, playing the leading role of the shiraby˘shi Hanako in the great dance "Ky˘ganoko Musume D˘j˘ji".

October 2008: T˘jűr˘ celebrated at the Misonoza (Nagoya) his kiju kinen performance, playing the leading role of the shiraby˘shi Hanako in the great dance "Ky˘ganoko Musume D˘j˘ji"; this performance included the bombastic oshimodoshi finale, with T˘jűr˘'s elder son Nakamura Kanjaku V in the role of the demon-queller.

April 2009: T˘jűr˘ plays for the 1300th times, the 24th of April in T˘ky˘ at the Kabukiza, the role of the courtesan Tenmaya Ohatsu in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's masterpiece "Sonezaki Shinjű"; the role of Hiranoya Tokubŕ was played by T˘jűr˘'s son Nakamura Kanjaku V.

October 2014: the October Grand Kabuki at the Kabukiza commemorated the 26th anniversary (27th memorial service) and the 2nd anniversary (3rd memorial service) of late Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XVII and late Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XVIII [more details].

June 2018: he gave the title of iemoto of the Karigane-ryű to his younger son who became Karigane Kasen II.

December 2019: T˘jűr˘ appeared on stage for the last time, in Ky˘to at the Minamiza, where he played the role of Keijuin [8] in the drama "Kinkakuji".

January 2020: due to health-related reasons, T˘jűr˘ did not perform in ďsaka at the Sh˘chikuza the role of Minoya Sankatsu in "Sakaya"; he was replaced by his son Nakamura Senjaku III.

12 November 2020: T˘jűr˘ died of old age in T˘ky˘.

Comments:

Sakata T˘jűr˘ IV was an outstanding wagotoshi / onnagata and one of the very few actors of the Sh˘wa and Heisei eras to preserve the great tradition of the Kamigata Kabuki.

Sakata T˘jűr˘ IV's best roles: Tenmaya Ohatsu ("Sonezaki Shinjű"), Kamiya Jihŕ/Koharu ("Shinjű Ten no Amijima" ), Kameya Chűbŕ/Umegawa ("Fűin Giri"), Oginoya Yaegiri ("Komochi Yamanba"), Fujiya Izaemon ("Kuruwa Bunsh˘"), Kuzu-no-Ha ("Ashiya D˘man ďuchi Kagami"), Yuranosuke/Kanpei/Tonase/Okaru ("Kanadehon Chűshingura"), Yae/Sakuramaru ("Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"), Jűjibŕ ("Hikimado"), Jűbŕ ("Numazu"), Danshichi Mohŕ ("Yadonashi Danshichi Shigure no Karakasa") and R˘ben ("R˘ben Sugi no Yurai").

[1] His stage partner in the role of Kinokuniya Koharu in "Kawash˘" was Nakamura Utaemon VI.

[2] His stage partner in the role of Kinokuniya Koharu in "Kawash˘" was Nakamura Utaemon VI.

[3] The role of the courtesan Umegawa in "Fűin Giri" was played by Kataoka Hidetar˘ II.

[4] The roles of Heisaku and Oyone in "Numazu" were played by Nakamura Tomijűr˘ V and Sawamura T˘jűr˘ II.

[5] The role of the courtesan Kinokuniya Koharu in "Kawash˘") was Kataoka Hidetar˘.

[6] The role of the courtesan ďgiya Yűgiri in "Yoshidaya" was Onoe Baik˘ VII.

[7] The role of the courtesan Umegawa in "Fűin Giri" was played by Nakamura Hirotar˘.

[8] His two sons and his grandson performed in "Kinkakuji"; Nakamura Ganjir˘ IV and Nakamura Senjaku III played the roles of Matsunaga Daizen and Konoshita T˘kichi; Nakamura Kazutar˘ played the role of Yuki-hime.

"Sakata T˘jűr˘ IV's passing away was a terrible blow to Kamigata Kabuki as it will be hard to find another actor with such an aura and such an influence on the world of Kabuki. I've seen him for the first time in April 1999 on the stage of the 4th Kabukiza, performing the role of Tenmaya Ohatsu in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's masterpiece "Sonezaki Shinjű". I was 'facemelted' by both his performance and this amazing drama, which he successfully contributed in bringing back to the Kabuki repertoire. I've seen him for the last time in January 2018 on the stage of the 5th Kabukiza, playing the role of Sonoo-no-Mae in "Terakoya" and leading the k˘j˘ for the the 3-generation shűmei of Matsumoto Haku˘ II, Matsumoto K˘shir˘ X and Ichikawa Somegor˘ VIII." (a few words from Sh˘riya Aragor˘)

Sakata T˘jűr˘ IV playing the role of the Wisteria Maiden in the dance "Fuji Musume" (illustration courtesy of RANCHUROW (2008) all rights reserved)

The Nakamura Senjaku line of actors

The Nakamura Ganjir˘ line of actors

The Sakata T˘jűr˘ line of actors

 
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