SAKATA TJR IV

Stage names:

Sakata Tjr IV In Japanese
Nakamura Ganjir III In Japanese
Nakamura Senjaku II In Japanese

Real name: Hayashi Hirotar

Guild:

Yamashiroya (Tjr's years)
Narikomaya (Senjaku/Ganjir's years)

Line number: YODAIME (IV)

Birthday: 31 December 1931

Connections:

Great-grandfather: Nakamura Kanjaku III

Grandfather: Nakamura Ganjir I

Father: Nakamura Ganjir II

Sons: Nakamura Ganjir IV, Nakamura Senjaku III

Grandsons: Nakamura Kazutar, Nakamura Toranosuke

Career:

October 1941: he makes his first appearance on stage at the Kadoza, receiving the name of Nakamura Senjaku II and playing in the drama "Yamanba".

July 1951: premiere at the saka Kabukiza of Uno Nobuo's drama "Jiisan Baasan"; Senjaku plays the role of Kyya's wife Kiku [casting].

January 1953: Senjaku plays for the first time the role of Ohan in the play "Obiya", which is performed at the saka Kabukiza.

August 1953: revival of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's masterpiece "Sonezaki Shinj" at the Shinbashi Enbuj; Senjaku plays the role of the courtesan Tenmaya Ohatsu [more details].

June 1954: Senjaku plays for the first time in saka the role of the courtesan Ohatsu in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's masterpiece "Sonezaki Shinj", which is performed at the saka Kabukiza; the role of Hiranoya Tokub is played by Nakamura Ganjir II.

January 1955: premiere at the saka Kabukiza of Uno Nobuo's drama "Naniwa no Ashi"; Senjaku plays the role of Mayumi [casting].

February 1955: second edition at the Kabukiza from the 24th to the 27th of February of the Tsubomikai, a study group led by Nakamura Utaemon VI [more details]. It includes the premiere of Mishima Yukio's dance-drama "Yuya" [casting] and Izumi Kyka's drama "Tenshu Monogatari" is staged for the first time with Kabuki actors [casting]; Senjaku plays the roles of Princess Kame and Asagao in "Tenshu Monogatari" and "Yuya".

July 1955: premiere at the Tky Takarazuka Theater of Uno Nobuo's drama "Mmoku Monogatari"; Senjaku plays the role of Ochacha/Yodogimi [more details]. This drama was part of the first Th Kabuki postwar performance. The Tky Takarazuka Theater was taken over by the American occupation forces in 1945, becoming the Ernie Pyle Theater. It was forbiden to Japanese for 10 years and was finally given back to the Th Company in 1955, which renamed it with its original name.

June 1963: premiere at the Kabukiza of Hagiwara Yukio's Nagauta-based dance-drama "eyama Shuten Dji"; Senjaku plays the role of Nadeshiko [casting]. Namiki Shz I's drama "Yadonashi Danshichi Shigure no Karakasa" is produced for the first time at the Kabukiza; Senjaku plays the role of the courtesan Otomi [casting].

January 1967: revival at the National Theatre of "Narukami Fud Kitayama Zakura"; Senjaku plays the roles of Bun'ya Toyohide and the koshimoto Makiginu [casting].

April 1967: revival at the National Theatre of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Yari no Gonza Kasane Katabira"; Senjaku plays the role of Sasano Gonza [casting].

May 1973: revival at the National Theatre of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Horikawa Nami no Tsuzumi" to commemorate the 249th anniversary (250th memorial service) of the playwright; Senjaku plays the role of Hikokur's wife Otane [casting].

April 1976: revival in 5 acts and 9 scenes the National Theatre of Namiki Gohei I's drama "Kinmon Gosan no Kiri"; Senjaku plays the roles of the courtesan Hanatachibana, Ogiku and Mashiba Hisayoshi [casting].

August 1980: revival at the National Theatre of Namiki Shz I's drama "Yadonashi Danshichi Shigure no Karakasa"; Senjaku plays the role of Danshichi Moh [casting].

May 1982: foundation of the Chikamatsuza, a touring troupe led by Senjaku and dedicated to the production of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's plays. The first tour presents the play "Shinj Ten no Amijima", in which Senjaku plays the role of Kamiya Jihei. His stage partners are Sawamura Tjr (Koharu), Nakamura Tomijr (Magoemon) and Sawamura Tanosuke (Osan).

October 1983: second Chikamatsuza tour in Tky, saka and Kbe. Senjaku produces Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Komochi Yamanba" in which he plays the roles of Oginoya Yaegiri and Yamanba.

May 1984: third Chikamatsuza tour in Tky and saka; Senjaku produces Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Onna Goroshi Abura no Jigoku", in which he plays the role of Yohei.

September 1985: fourth Chikamatsuza tour in 6 cities; Senjaku produces Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Meido no Bikyaku", in which he plays the role of Kameya Chb.

November 1990: Nakamura Senjaku II takes the name of Nakamura Ganjir III at the Kabukiza, playing the roles of Fujiya Izaemon and the spirit of the lion in the play "Kuruwa Bunsh" (the "Yoshidaya" scene) and the dance "Kagami Jishi". His stage partner in the role of Ygiri in the "Yoshidaya" scene is Onoe Baik VII.

December 1990: Ganjir celebrates his second month of shmei at the Kabukiza, playing the roles of Kamiya Jih and Tsuchiya Chikara in the dramas "Shinj Ten no Amijima" (the "Kawash" scene) and "Tsuchiya Chikara". His stage partner in the role of Kinokuniya Koharu in the "Kawash" scene is Nakamura Utaemon VI.

January 1991: Ganjir celebrates his first month of shmei in saka at the Nakaza, playing the roles of Tsuchiya Chikara, the spirit of the Lion and Kamiya Jih in the drama "Tsuchiya Chikara", the dance "Kagami Jishi" and Chikamatsu Monzaemon's masterpiece "Shinj Ten no Amijima" (the "Kawash" scene). His stage partner in the role of Kinokuniya Koharu in the "Kawash" scene is Nakamura Utaemon VI.

February 1991: Ganjir celebrates his second month of shmei at the Nakaza, playing the roles of Kameya Chb, the snake disguised as the dancing girl Hanako and the hair-dresser Sanigoroshichi (in fact Asaka Yoichir Haruyoshi) in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's masterpiece "Koi Bikyaku Yamato rai" (the "Fin Giri" scene), the dance "Musume Djji" and the drama "Kari no Tayori". The role of the courtesan Umegawa in the "Fin Giri" scene is played by Kataoka Hidetar.

October 1991: Ganjir celebrates his shmei in Nagoya at the Misonoza, playing the role of a little girl, Jb and the spirit of the Lion in the dance "Tenaraiko", the "Numazu" scene of the drama "Igagoe Dch Sugoroku" and the dance "Kagami Jishi". The roles of Heisaku and Oyone in the "Numazu" scene are played by Nakamura Tomijr and Sawamura Tjr.

November 1991: Ganjir celebrates his first month of shmei in Kyto at the Minamiza, playing the roles of Kamiya Jih and Fujiya Izaemon in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's masterpiece "Shinj Ten no Amijima" (the "Kawash" scene) and in the drama "Kuruwa Bunsh" (the "Yoshidaya" scene). His stage partners in the roles of the courtesans Kinokuniya Koharu ("Kawash") and Ygiri ("Yoshidaya") are Kataoka Hidetar and Onoe Baik VII.

December 1991: Ganjir celebrates his second month of shmei at the Minamiza, playing the roles of Kameya Chb and the snake disguised as the dancing girl Hanako in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's masterpiece "Koi Bikyaku Yamato rai" (the "Fin Giri" scene) and the dance "Musume Djji". The role of the courtesan Umegawa in the "Fin Giri" scene is played by Nakamura Hirotar.

1994: Ganjir receives the prestigious title of Living National Treasure (Ningen Kokuh in Japanese).

15 December 1994: Ganjir joins the prestigious Japan Art Academy (Nihon Geijutsuin).

January 1995: Ganjir plays for the 1000th times, the 16th of January in saka at the Nakaza, the role of the courtesan Tenmaya Ohatsu in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's masterpiece "Sonezaki Shinj"; the role of Hiranoya Tokub is played by Tjr's son Nakamura Senjaku (who celebrates along with Nakamura Kanjaku his shmei).

June 1998: great revival of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Keisei Mibu Dainenbutsu" for the 14th Chikamatsuza tour. This plays has not been performed for 296 years !

March 2000: 15th Chikamatsuza tour; Ganjir produces the "Fin Giri" scene of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Koi Bikyaku Yamato rai".

June 2000: revival at the Kabukiza of the spectacular hengemono "tsue Djji"; Ganjir plays the roles of the wisteria maiden, a falcon-handler, a zat, a boatman and the tsue demon [more details].

May ~ June 2001: Chikamatsuza tour and several Kabuki seminars in England. Ganjir and his 2 sons (Kanjaku and Senjaku) play in "Tsuri Onna" and "Sonezaki Shinj" [more details].

June 2003: two-week Chikamatsuza tour in Moscow and St. Petersburg (Russia). Chikamatsu Monzaemon's masterpiece "Sonezaki Shinj" is performed with Ganjir and his son Nakamura Kanjaku in the roles of Tenmaya Ohatsu and Hiranoya Tokub. "It is very rewarding to perform in Russia, a country full of theater lovers," Ganjir said to some journalists.

May 2004: 3-day Chikamatsuza tour in Beijing (China) with Nakamura Kanjaku and Nakamura Kikaku. The program is made up of the dances "Tachi Nusubito" and "Fuji Musume". Ganjir plays the role of the Wisteria Maiden in the latter dance.

April 2005: Chikamatsuza tour in Korea with Nakamura Kanjaku and Nakamura Kikaku. The program is made up of the dance "B Shibari" and Chikamatsu Monzaemon's masterpiece "Sonezaki Shinj"; Ganjir plays the role of Tenmaya Ohatsu in the latter drama [more details].

June 2005: Chikamatsuza tour in the USA with Nakamura Kanjaku and Nakamura Kikaku. The program is made up of the dance "B Shibari" and Chikamatsu Monzaemon's masterpiece "Sonezaki Shinj"; Ganjir plays the role of Tenmaya Ohatsu in the latter drama [more details].

December 2005: Nakamura Ganjir III takes the name of Sakata Tjr IV in Kyto at the Minamiza, playing the roles of Fujiya Izaemon, Tenmaya Ohatsu and Princess Yaegaki in the dramas "Ygiri Nagori no Shgatsu", "Sonezaki Shinj" and "Honch Nijshik". This prestigious name has not been held since the 24th of the 8th lunar month of 1774 (231 years and a few months!).

January 2006: Tjr celebrates his shmei in Tky at the Kabukiza, playing the roles of Fujiya Izaemon, Tenmaya Ohatsu and Masaoka in the dramas "Ygiri Nagori no Shgatsu", "Sonezaki Shinj" and "Meiboku Sendai Hagi".

February 2006: Tjr celebrates his shmei in Fukuoka at the Hakataza, playing the role of Masaoka in the drama "Meiboku Sendai Hagi" and the 5 roles of the hengemono "tsue Djji".

July 2006: Tjr celebrates his shmei in saka at the Shchikuza, playing the roles of Danshichi Kurob and the shirabyshi Hanako in the drama "Natsu Matsuri" and the dance "Musume Djji".

October 2006: Tjr celebrates his shmei at the Misonoza in Nagoya, playing the roles of Sasaki Moritsuna and the keisei Yayoi (in reality the spirit of a shishi) in the drama "mi Genji Senjin Yakata" and the dance "Makura Jishi".

May 2007: 18th edition of the Chikamatsuza tour; Tjr celebrates his shmei on the road, playing the role of Fujiya Izaemon in the drama "Kuruwa Bunsh"; the role of Izaemon's lover, the courtesan Ygiri, is played by Nakamura Kaishun.

September 2007: 19th edition of the Chikamatsuza tour, in 4 cities in China; Tjr plays the roles of Otoku and the Spirit of the Lion in "Domo Mata" and "Hanabusa Shjaku no Shishi" [more details].

December 2007: Tjr celebrates at the Minamiza his kiju kinen performance, playing the leading role of the great dance "Kyganoko Musume Djji". He also plays the role of Yoshitsune in the dance-drama "Kanjinch"; the roles of Benkei and Togashi Saemon are played by Matsumoto Kshir and Nakamura Kinnosuke.

March 2008: Tjr celebrates at the Kabukiza his kiju kinen performance, playing the leading role of the great dance "Kyganoko Musume Djji". This production features the rare performance of the oshimodoshi final part of the dance, where Tjr appears as a serpent and is pushed back by a powerful hero played in the bombastic aragoto style by Ichikawa Danjr. Tjr also plays the double role of Kojir/Atsumori in the drama "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki"; the roles of Kumagai Jir Naozane and Princess Tamaori are played by Ichikawa Danjr and Nakamura Kaishun.

June 2008: Tjr celebrates at the Hakataza (Fukuoka) his kiju kinen performance, playing the leading role of the great dance "Kyganoko Musume Djji".

October 2008: Tjr celebrates at the Misonoza (Nagoya) his kiju kinen performance, playing the leading role of the great dance "Kyganoko Musume Djji". This performance includes the bombastic oshimodoshi finale, with Tjr's elder son Nakamura Kanjaku in the role of the demon-queller.

April 2009: Tjr plays for the 1300th times, the 24th of April in Tky at the Kabukiza, the role of the courtesan Tenmaya Ohatsu in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's masterpiece "Sonezaki Shinj"; the role of Hiranoya Tokub is played by Tjr's son Nakamura Kanjaku.

October 2014: the October Grand Kabuki at the Kabukiza commemorates the 26th anniversary (27th memorial service) and the 2nd anniversary (3rd memorial service) of late Nakamura Kanzabur XVII and late Nakamura Kanzabur XVIII [more details].

Comments:

Sakata Tjr IV is an outstanding wagotoshi / onnagata and one of the very few actors to preserve the great tradition of the Kamigata Kabuki.

Sakata Tjr IV's best roles: Ohatsu ("Sonezaki Shinj"), Kamiya Jih/Koharu ("Shinj Ten no Amijima" ), Kameya Chb/Umegawa ("Fin Giri"), Oginoya Yaegiri ("Komochi Yamanba"), Kamiya Jih ("Kuruwa Bunsh"), Kuzu-no-Ha ("Ashiya Dman uchi Kagami"), Yuranosuke/Kanpei/Tonase/Okaru ("Kanadehon Chshingura"), Yae/Sakuramaru ("Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"), Jjib ("Hikimado"), Jb ("Numazu"), Danshichi Moh ("Yadonashi Danshichi Shigure no Karakasa") and Rben ("Rben Sugi no Yurai").

Sakata Tjr IV playing the role of Ohatsu in the drama "Sonezaki Shinj"
Print courtesy of Paul Binnie (all rights reserved)

The Nakamura Senjaku line of actors

The Nakamura Ganjir line of actors

The Sakata Tjr line of actors

 
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