NAKAMURA KANZABURď XVII

Stage names:

Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XVII In Japanese
Nakamura Moshio IV In Japanese
Nakamura Yonekichi III In Japanese

Real name: Namino Seiji

Guild: Nakamuraya

Line number: J█SHICHIDAIME (XVII)

Existence: 29 July 1909 ~ 16 April 1988

Connections:

Grandfather: Nakamura Karoku I

Father: Nakamura Karoku III

Father-in-law: Onoe Kikugor˘ VI

Brothers: Nakamura Kichiemon I, Nakamura Tokiz˘ III

Son: Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XVIII

Grandsons: Nakamura Kankur˘ VI, Nakamura Shichinosuke II

Great-grandsons: Nakamura Kantar˘ III, Nakamura Ch˘zabur˘ II

Career:

November 1916: first stage appearance, at the Ichimuraza, where he receives the name of Nakamura Yonekichi III, playing in the drama "Hanakawado Uwasa no Manaita".

April 1926: Yonekichi plays at the Hong˘za the role of ďboshi Rikiya in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

October 1927: revival at the Hong˘za of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's masterpiece "Sakura Hime Azuma Bunsh˘", produced under the title "Kiyomizudera Azuma Bunsh˘", which has not been staged since 3rd lunar month of 1817; Yonekichi plays the role of Yoshida Matsuwaka [casting].

October 1929: Nakamura Yonekichi III takes the name of Nakamura Moshio IV at the Meijiza.

October 1933: premiere at the T˘ky˘ Gekij˘ of Yoshida Genjir˘'s drama "Nij˘-j˘ no Kiyomasa"; Moshio plays the role of Toyotomi Hideyori [more details].

February 1934: premiere at the Kabukiza of "ďishi Saigo no Ichinichi", the tenth and last play of Mayama Seika's cycle "Genroku Chűshingura"; Moshio plays the role of Hosokawa Naiki [casting].

July 1937: premiere in T˘ky˘ at the Yűrakuza of Hasegawa Shin's drama "Ori", with a casting mixing Kabuki and non-Kabuki actors. Moshio, Band˘ Minosuke VI and Nakamura Komanosuke VII played the roles of Yűchin/Goroichi, Shichibŕ and the daiku Gen.

December 1946: Moshio is a member of the Kabuki troupe which celebrates the reopening of the rebuilt Mitsukoshi Gekij˘ [more details].

January 1950: Nakamura Moshio IV takes the name of Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XVII at the T˘ky˘ Gekij˘. This prestigious Edo zamoto name has not been holden since 1875. The new Kanzabur˘ plays the roles of Nakamura Kanzabur˘ I, Ichij˘ ďkura Naganari and the Nakamuraza's zamoto in "J˘ran Saruwaka-mai", "Ichij˘ ďkura Monogatari" and "Kaozoroi Yagura no Nigiwai". Kanzabur˘'s stage partners are Nakamura Kichiemon I, Nakamura Tokiz˘ III, Matsumoto K˘shir˘ VIII, Ichikawa Ebiz˘ IX, Morita Kan'ya XIV, Nakamura Shikan VI, Onoe Sh˘roku II, Onoe Baik˘ VII, ďtani Tomoemon VII, Band˘ Mitsugor˘ VII, Ichikawa Danz˘ VIII, Ichikawa Omez˘ IV, Sawamura Tossh˘ IV, Nakamura Matagor˘ II, Nakamura Fukusuke VII, Band˘ Hikosabur˘ VII, Ichimura Uzaemon XVI, Kawarasaki Gonjűr˘ II and Ichikawa Sansh˘ V.

May 1950: Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XVII celebrates his shűmei in Nagoya at the Misonoza with the troupe led by his brother Nakamura Kichiemon I; Kanzabur˘ plays the role of Kasugaya Tokijir˘ in the drama "Akegarasu Yume no Awayuki" (the role of Urazato is played by Nakamura Shikan VI).

December 1950: Matsumoto K˘shir˘ VIII and Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XVII celebrates their shűmei in Ky˘to at the Minamiza; Kanzabur˘ plays the roles of Toyotomi Hideyori, Hayano Kanpei, Omiwa and the tamaya Yonekichi in "Nij˘-j˘ no Kiyomasa", "Ochiudo" (the role of Okaru is played by Nakamura Shikan VI), "Mikasayama Goten" and "Tamaya".

October 1951: Matsumoto K˘shir˘ VIII, Nakamura Utaemon VI and Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XVII celebrates their shűmei in ďsaka at the ďsaka Kabukiza; Kanzabur˘ plays the roles of Yogor˘/ch˘kichi, Shigaraki Tar˘, Ichij˘ ďkura Naganari, Togashi Saemon and Hayano Kanpei in "Sum˘ba", "Moritsuna Jin'ya", "Ichij˘ ďkura Monogatari", "Kanjinch˘" (the roles of Benkei and Yoshitsune are played by Matsumoto K˘shir˘ VIII and Nakamura Tokiz˘ III) and "Ochiudo" (the role of Okaru is played by Nakamura Utaemon VI).

November 1952: premiere at the Kabukiza of Kema Nanboku's revision of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Daiky˘ji Mukashi Goyomi"; Kanzabur˘ plays the role of the bant˘ Sukeemon [casting].

July 1953: premiere at the Meijiza of H˘j˘ Hideji's drama "Ukifune"; Kanzabur˘ plays the role of Niou-no-Miya [casting]. Revival at the Meijiza of Kawatake Shinshichi III's 1878 drama "Tsűzoku Saiyűki"; Kanzabur˘ plays the role of Songokű [casting].

July 1954: revival at the Kabukiza of the dance-drama "Oshidori" as part of a regular Kabuki program; Kanzabur˘ plays the roles of Kawazu Sabur˘ Sukeyasu and the spirit of the male mandarin duck [more details].

November 1954: premiere at the Kabukiza of Mishima Yukio's comical play "Iwashi Uri Koi no Hikiami"; Kanzabur˘ plays the role of Sarugenji [casting].

March 1955: Hasegawa Shin's drama "Ori" was staged with a full Kabuki casting for the first time, in T˘ky˘ at the Meijiza; Kanzabur˘ plays the roles of Yűchin and Goroichi [more details].

July 1955: premiere at the T˘ky˘ Takarazuka Theater of Uno Nobuo's drama "M˘moku Monogatari"; Kanzabur˘ plays the roles of T˘kichir˘/Hideyoshi and Yaichi [more details]. This drama was part of the first T˘h˘ Kabuki postwar performance. The T˘ky˘ Takarazuka Theater was taken over by the American occupation forces in 1945, becoming the Ernie Pyle Theater. It was forbiden to Japanese for 10 years and was finally given back to the T˘h˘ Company in 1955, which renamed it with its original name.

February 1960: premiere at the Kabukiza of Uno Nobuo's drama "Shiranui Kengy˘"; Kanzabur˘ plays the roles of the fishmonger Shichibei and the masseur Tominoichi, later Shiranui Kengy˘ II [casting].

June ~ July 1960: Kanzabur˘ takes part in the first Kabuki tour in the USA; He plays the roles of Togashi, Sawaichi, En'ya Hangan, Yamakage Uky˘, Tar˘kaja and Jirozaemon in the dramas "Kanjinch˘", "Tsubosaka Reigenki", "Kanadehon Chűshingura" "Migawari Zazen", "Takatsuki" and "Kagotsurube Sato no Eizame" [casting].

November 1961: premiere in Kabuki at the ďsaka Shinkabukiza of H˘j˘ Hideji's drama "Korikori Banashi"; Kanzabur˘ plays the role of the priest Jűzen [casting].

June 1963: premiere at the Kabukiza of Hagiwara Yukio's Nagauta-based dance-drama "ďeyama Shuten D˘ji"; Kanzabur˘ plays the role of Shuten D˘ji [casting]. Namiki Sh˘z˘ I's drama "Yadonashi Danshichi Shigure no Karakasa" is produced for the first time at the Kabukiza; Kanzabur˘ plays the role of the playwright Namiki Sh˘z˘ [casting].

May 1964: premiere at the Kabukiza of Hagiwara Yukio's Nagauta-based dance-drama "Bukaku Setsugekka"; Kanzabur˘ plays the roles of the spirit of the cherry blossoms, the insect and the snowman [casting].

October 1965: first Kabuki tour in Western Europe, in West Berlin at the Der Freien VolksbŘhne (2~8 october), in Paris at the ThÚÔtre de l'OdÚon (15~24 october) and in Lisbonne at the Teatro SŃo Luis (29~31 october); Kanzabur˘ plays the roles of Shunkan, K˘ no Moron˘ and Yayoi in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Heike Nyogo no Shima", the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura" and the dance "Kagami Jishi" [more details].

November 1966: opening ceremony of the National Theatre in T˘ky˘ with the full length performance of the classic "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"; Kanzabur˘ plays the role of Kan Sh˘j˘ [casting].

May 1968: revival at the National Theatre of "Ura Omote Sendai Hagi"; Kanzabur˘ plays the roles of Yorikane, Kosuke, Yashio and Nikki Danj˘ [casting].

April 1971: revival at the National Theatre of Nagawa Shimesuke I's drama "Sumidagawa Gonichi no Omokage"; Kanzabur˘ plays the role of H˘kaib˘ [casting].

January 1988: Kanzabur˘ appears on stage for the last time, at the Kabukiza, where he plays the role of Shunkan in the drama "Shunkan"; he falls ill and has to be replaced from the 9th of January by his son Nakamura Kankur˘.

16th April 1988: Kanzabur˘ dies in T˘ky˘.

Comments:

Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XVII was an amazing kaneru yakusha of the Sh˘wa era. He was the actor of more than 800 roles.

Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XVII's best roles: Shunkan ("Heike Nyogo no Shima"), Ichij˘ ďkura Naganari ("Ichij˘ ďkura Monogatari"), the hairdresser Shinza ("Kamiyui Shinza"), Sodehagi ("Sodehagi Saimon"), Sawaichi ("Tsubosaka Reigenki").

Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XVII was the first of this line to be an actor without being a zamoto.

Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XVII playing the role of Tabakoya Genshichi in the drama "Komochi Yamanba"

The Nakamura Yonekichi line of actors

The Nakamura Moshio line of actors

The Nakamura Kanzabur˘ line of actors and theater managers

 
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