NAKAMURA GANJIRď II

Stage names:

Nakamura Ganjir˘ II In Japanese
Nakamura Kanjaku IV In Japanese
Nakamura Senjaku I In Japanese

Real name: Hayashi Yukio

Guild: Narikomaya

Line number: NIDAIME (II)

Existence: 17 February 1902 ~ 13 April 1983

Connections:

Grandfather: Nakamura Kanjaku III

Father: Nakamura Ganjir˘ I

Brother: Hayashi Mataichir˘ II

Son: Sakata T˘jűr˘ IV (Nakamura Ganjir˘ III)

Grandsons: Nakamura Ganjir˘ IV, Nakamura Senjaku III

Great-grandsons: Nakamura Kazutar˘, Nakamura Toranosuke

Career:

December 1906: he made his first stage appearance, in Ky˘to at the Minamiza, performing under his real name.

November 1910: he received the name of Nakamura Senjaku I in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai, playing the roles of Kingoza and Shigez˘ in "Narihira Azuma Kudari" and "Ranpei Monogurui".

March 1934: "ďishi Saigo no Ichinichi", the tenth and last play of Mayama Seika's cycle "Genroku Chűshingura" was staged for the first time in ďsaka and in Ky˘to, at the Naniwaza from the 3rd to 16th of March [casting] and at the Minamiza from the 17th to the 27th of March [casting]; Senjaku played the role of Isogai Jűr˘zaemon.

1 February 1935: his father Nakamura Ganjir˘ I died.

October 1941: Nakamura Senjaku I took the name of Nakamura Kanjaku IV in ďsaka at the Kadoza; his son, who made his first stage appearance, received the name of Nakamura Senjaku II; the new Kanjaku played the role of Miuranosuke in the drama "Kamakura Sandaiki"; the roles of Princess Toki and Sasaki Takatsuna were played by Band˘ Tsurunosuke III and Jitsukawa Enjaku II.

March 1945: Kanjaku's family house in the district of Tamaya-ch˘ was destroyed during the terrible air raid conducted by the US army on the city of ďsaka.

January 1947: Nakamura Kanjaku IV took the name of Nakamura Ganjir˘ II at the ďsaka Kabukiza, playing the roles of Jitsukawa Ganjir˘ (later Nakamura Ganjir˘), Kashiwaya Osaga, Karatsuya Eizabur˘, Ohaya and Kamiya Jihŕ in "Nakamura Ganjir˘", "Osaga Kaheiji", "Meguru Idoshi Kaeru Karigane", "Hikimado" and "Shinjű Ten no Amijima"; these dramas were staged within a special program which commemorated the 12th anniversary (13th memorial service) of the passing away of Nakamura Ganjir˘ I and also celebrating the shűmei of Kamimura Kichiya V; his stage partners were Jitsukawa Enjaku II, Band˘ Jusabur˘ III, Hayashi Mataichir˘ II, Nakamura Baigyoku III, Band˘ Mitsugor˘ VII, Jitsukawa Enjir˘ II, Band˘ Minosuke VI, Nakamura Senjaku II, Arashi Hinasuke X, Nakamura Komanosuke VII, Nakamura Naritar˘ II, Asao Okuyama VIII, Ichikawa Kudanji III, Nakamura Kasen II, Nakamura Tar˘ II, Band˘ Junosuke II and two family-related actresses (Nakamura Yoshiko and Nakamura Tamao).

February 1947: Nakamura Ganjir˘ II celebrated his shűmei in Ky˘to at the Minamiza, playing the roles of Jitsukawa Ganjir˘ (later Nakamura Ganjir˘), Ch˘kichi/Ohan, Otoku and Kamiya Jihŕ in "Nakamura Ganjir˘", "Katsuragawa", "Domo Mata" and "Ten no Amijima".

July 1951: premiere at the ďsaka Kabukiza of Uno Nobuo's drama "Jiisan Baasan"; Ganjir˘ played the role of Iori's wife Run [casting].

August 1953: revival of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's masterpiece "Sonezaki Shinjű" at the Shinbashi Enbuj˘; Ganjir˘ played the role of Hiranoya Tokubŕ [more details].

June 1954: Ganjir˘ played in ďsaka at the Kabukiza the role of Hiranoya Tokubŕ in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Sonezaki Shinjű"; the role of the courtesan Ohatsu was played by Nakamura Senjaku II.

17 September 1957: release in Japan of Kurosawa Akira's T˘h˘-produced movie "Donzoko ('The Lower Depths')" in which Ganjir˘ played the role of Rokubŕ.

19 August 1958: release in Japan of Ichikawa Kon's Daiei-produced movie "Enj˘ ('Conflagration')" in which Ganjir˘ played the role of the priest Tayama D˘sen.

2 September 1958: release in Japan of Naruse Mikio's T˘h˘-produced movie "Iwashigumo ('Summer Clouds')" in which Ganjir˘ played the role of Wasuke.

23 June 1959: release in Japan of Ichikawa Kon's Daiei-produced movie "Kagi ('Odd Obsession')" in which Ganjir˘ played the role of Kenmochi Kenji.

17 November 1959: release in Japan of Ozu Yasujir˘'s Daiei-produced movie "Ukigusa ('Floating Weeds')" in which Ganjir˘ played the role of the tabi shibai zagashira Arashi Komajűr˘.

29 October 1961: release in Japan of Ozu Yasujir˘'s T˘h˘-produced movie "Kohayagawa-ke no Aki ('The End of Summer')" in which Ganjir˘ played the role of Kohayagawa Manbŕ.

13 January 1963: release in Japan of Ichikawa Kon's Daiei-produced movie "Yukinojo Henge ('An Actor's Revenge')" in which Ganjir˘ played the role of Dobe Sansai.

December 1964: Ganjir˘ played at the Minamiza the roles of Sagami, Nagisa-no-Kata, Takechi Jűjir˘ Mitsuyoshi and Tan Saemon Motoyasu in the dramas "Kumagai Jin'ya", "Nigatsud˘", "Amagasaki Kankyo" and "Shunkan", which were staged in two kaomise programs celebrating the 60th anniversary of the Sh˘chiku Company.

12 March 1966: release in Japan of Imamura Sh˘hei's Nikkatsu-distributed movie "Erogotoshitachi Yori Jinruigaku Nyumon ('The Pornographers')" in which Ganjir˘ played the role of an elderly executive.

November 1966: opening ceremony of the National Theatre in T˘ky˘ with the full length performance of the classic "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"; Ganjir˘ played the roles of Fujiwara no Shihei and Kakuju [casting].

February 1967: Ganjir˘ played at the ďsaka Shinkabukiza the roles of Mimy˘, Kamiya Jihŕ, Tsuchiya Chikara and Miuranosuke Yoshimura in the dramas "Moritsuna Jin'ya", "Shigure no Kotatsu", "Tsuchiya Chikara" and "Kamakura Sandaiki", which were staged in two programs commemorating the 32nd anniversary (33th memorial service) of the passing away of Nakamura Ganjir˘ I.

April 1967: revival at the National Theatre of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Yari no Gonza Kasane Katabira"; Ganjir˘ played the role of Ichinoshin's wife Osai [casting].

April 1967: Ganjir˘ received the prestigious title of Living National Treasure (Ningen Kokuh˘ in Japanese).

October 1968: Ganjir˘ played at the Misonoza the roles of the tsubone Yashio, Kameya Chűbŕ/Magoemon, Sagami and Kamiya Jihŕ in the dramas "Meiboku Sendai Hagi", "Ninokuchi-mura", "Kumagai Jin'ya" and "Shigure no Kotatsu", which were staged in two kaomise programs celebrating the shűmei of Onoe Kikunosuke IV, Onoe Tatsunosuke I and Ichikawa Shinnosuke VI.

December 1968: Ganjir˘ played at the Minamiza the roles of Izutsuya Denbŕ, Sakata T˘jűr˘, Kakogawa Honz˘ and Hiranoya Tokubŕ in the dramas "Horikawa", "T˘jűr˘ no Koi", "Yamashina Kankyo" and "Sonezaki Shinjű", which were staged in two kaomise programs celebrating the 350th anniversary of the most famous theater in Kyoto.

june 1972: tour in Europe; Ganjir˘ played in London (Sadler's Wells) and Munich (Gńrtnerplatz) the roles of K˘ no Moron˘ and the ferryman in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura" and the dance "Sumidagawa".

April 1976: the National Theatre produced the revival in 5 acts and 9 scenes of Namiki Gohei I's drama "Kinmon Gosan no Kiri"; Ganjir˘ played the role of Konomura ďinosuke [casting].

May 1977: revival at the Minamiza of Katsu Genz˘ III's drama "Ogasawara S˘d˘"; Ganjir˘ played the role of Ogasawara T˘t˘mi-no-Kami [casting].

July 1977: revival at the Kabukiza of Katsu Genz˘ III's drama "Ogasawara S˘d˘"; Ganjir˘ played the role of Ogasawara T˘t˘mi-no-Kami [casting].

April 1979: historic revival at the Meijiza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV long-forgotten play "Haji Momiji Ase no Kaomise" (commonly called "Date no Jűyaku"); Ganjir˘ played the role of Yashio [casting].

July 1980: revival at the Kabukiza of the never-performed 5th act of "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura"; Ganjir˘ played the role of Minamoto no Yoshitsune [more details].

August 1980: revival at the National Theatre of Namiki Sh˘z˘ I's drama "Yadonashi Danshichi Shigure no Karakasa"; Ganjir˘ played the role of the playwright Namiki Sh˘z˘ [casting].

December 1980: Ganjir˘ played for the last time the role of Hiranoya Tokubŕ in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Sonezaki Shinjű", which was staged in Ky˘to at the Minamiza; the role of the courtesan Ohatsu was played as usual by Nakamura Senjaku II; Ganjir˘ fell ill the 10th day and has to be replaced by his grandson Nakamura Tomotar˘.

July 1981: revival at the Kabukiza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's drama "Hitori Tabi Gojűsan Tsugi"; Ganjir˘ played the role of Tsuruya Nanboku IV [casting].

December 1982: Ganjir˘ appeared on stage for the last time, in Ky˘to for the great kaomise at the Minamiza, playing the role of Kameya Chűbŕ in the "Ninokuchi-mura" scene of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Koi Bikyaku Yamato ďrai"; the role of Umegawa was played by Nakamura Senjaku II.

13 April 1983: Ganjir˘ died.

Comments:

Living National Treasure Nakamura Ganjir˘ II was an important post-WW2 Kamigata actor, who was active on stage for more than 70 years. He was also a movie actor, who performed in 73 movies (52 produced by the Daiei Film Company). He was able to perform a wide range of roles, as a tachiyaku or an onnagata. He showed his real ability in wagoto as the worthy heir of his father Nakamura Ganjir˘ I. His best tachiyaku roles were Hiranoya Tokubŕ ("Sonezaki Shinjű"), Kameya Chűbŕ/Magoemon ("Koi Bikyaku Yamato ďrai"), Kamiya Jihŕ ("Shinjű Ten no Amijima"), ("Koi Bikyaku Yamato ďrai"), the dry goods merchant Jűbŕ ("Numazu"), Nan Yohŕ/Nanp˘ Jűjibŕ ("Hikimado"), Takebe Genz˘/Fujiwara no Shihei ("Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"), T˘ma Sabur˘emon ("Tengajaya"), the boatman ("Sumidagawa"), Igami no Gonta/Taira no Koremori/Minamoto no Yoshitsune ("Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura"), ďboshi Yuranosuke/K˘ no Moron˘ ("Kanadehon Chűshingura"), Minamoto no Yoshitsune ("Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki"), Fukashichi/Kanawa Gor˘ Imakuni ("Imoseyama Onna Teikin"), the yakko Tsumahei ("Shin Usuyuki Monogatari"), Tsuchiya Chikara ("Tsuchiya Chikara"), the Aburaya bant˘ Zenroku ("Choinose"). His best onnagata roles were Kakuju/Chiyo ("Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"), Ohatsu/Iwafuji ("Kagamiyama"), Yashio ("Meiboku Sendai Hagi"), Mimy˘ ("Moritsuna Jin'ya") and Sagami ("Kumagai Jin'ya").

"Nakamura Ganjir˘ II like his father, Nakamura Ganjir˘ I, matured early in his life. Already in the early 1900's he had become a leader of children's Kabuki and later of youth Kabuki. At that time he had already adopted several of his father's roles as his own and was considered a full-fledged actor. However, he was not satisfied with simply duplicating his father's portrayal of roles, so he would modernize them and achieve an entirely innovative style of his own. [...] The roles of youth were his specialty but his full range was much wider, varying from the roles of old women to villains. [...] If we look at "Kanadehon Chűshingura", Nakamura Ganjir˘ I would perform Yuranosuke, Wakasanosuke, Kanpei and Tadayoshi but Nakamura Ganjir˘ II would also tackle the roles of Tonase, Honz˘ and Moron˘, which were masterpieces of acting. He was also good in performing the roles of new plays and as well as including the rich touch of the old, familiar Kabuki he managed to portray a role in an entirely new light." (Ishibashi Ken'ichir˘ in "Senjaku Kamigatagei to Chikamatsu")

Nakamura Ganjir˘ II playing the role of Kamiya Jihŕ in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Shinjű Ten no Amijima" (print made by Natori Shunsen in 1952)

Prints & Illustrations

The Nakamura Senjaku line of actors

The Nakamura Kanjaku line of actors

The Nakamura Ganjir˘ line of actors

 
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