ďKAWA HASHIZď I

Stage names:

ďkawa Hashiz˘ I In Japanese
Onoe Kikugor˘ III In Japanese
Onoe Baik˘ III In Japanese
Onoe Matsusuke II In Japanese
Onoe Eizabur˘ I In Japanese

Others names:

Onoe Baiju In Japanese
Kikuya Manbei In Japanese

Nickname: Baiju Kikugor˘

Guild: Otowaya

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Poetry names: Baik˘ (3), Baiju, Gach˘, Sanch˘

Existence: 1784 ~ 24th day of the 4th lunar month of 1849 [1]

Connections:

Adoptive father: Onoe Sh˘roku I

Father-in-law: Ogino Izabur˘ II

Sons: Onoe Matsusuke III, Onoe Eizabur˘ IV, Onoe Kikunosuke

Son-in-laws: Onoe Kikugor˘ IV, Ichimura Uzaemon XII

Grandson: Onoe Kikugor˘ V, Onoe Asajir˘

Great-grandsons: Onoe Kikugor˘ VI, Onoe Baik˘ VI, Band˘ Hikosabur˘ VI

Great-great-grandsons: Ichimura Uzaemon XVII, Onoe Kur˘emon II, Onoe Eizabur˘ VII, Onoe Taijir˘

Great-great-great-grandsons: Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XVIII, Band˘ Rakuzen, Ichimura Manjir˘ II, Kawarasaki Gonjűr˘ IV, Onoe Eizabur˘ VIII

Great-great-great-great-grandsons: Nakamura Kankur˘ VI, Nakamura Shichinosuke II, Band˘ Hikosabur˘ IX, Band˘ Kamez˘ III, Onoe Ukon II, Ichimura Takematsu VI, Ichimura Hikaru

Great-great-great-great-great-grandsons: Nakamura Kantar˘ III, Nakamura Ch˘zabur˘ II, Band˘ Kamesabur˘ VI

Disciples: Onoe Sh˘roku, Onoe Kikujir˘ I, Onoe Kikujir˘ II, Onoe Tamiz˘ II, Onoe Kanijűr˘ I

Career:

1784: born in Edo in the district of Kodenma-ch˘. His father was a tateguya named Senjir˘. His first name was Tatsugor˘.

1787 (?): he was adopted by Onoe Matsusuke I and his first name became Shinzabur˘.

11th lunar month of 1788: he made his first appearance on stage, in Edo at the Ichimuraza, where he received the name of Onoe Eizabur˘ I and performed as a koyaku in the kaomise drama "Genji Saik˘ Kogane no Tachibana", which starred the actors Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V, Iwai Hanshir˘ IV, Segawa Kikunoj˘ III, Band˘ Hikosabur˘ III, Onoe Matsusuke I and ďtani Hiroemon III and celebrated the arrival in Edo of the Kamigata actor Asao Tamejűr˘ I..

8th lunar month of 1803: premiere at the Nakamuraza of Sakurada Jisuke I's drama "Banzui Ch˘bŕ Sh˘jin Manaita"; Eizabur˘ played the role of the yakko Matahei [casting].

11th lunar month of 1804: premiere at the Kawarasakiza of Katsu Hy˘z˘ I's kaomise drama "Shitenn˘ Momiji no Edoguma"; Eizabur˘ played the roles of Minamoto Raik˘ and the t˘zoku Hakamadare no Yasu (in reality Hirai Yasusuke) [casting].

6th lunar month of 1808: premiere at the at the Ichimuraza of Katsu Hy˘z˘ I's drama "Iroeiri Otogi Z˘shi" [2]; Eizabur˘ played the roles of Midajir˘ Tokitsuna, Funakoshi Sanpei, the t˘zoku Osakake Tar˘ (in reality Akamatsu Jir˘), the edokko Hachirobŕ and Samezaya Shinsuke [casting].

7th lunar month of 1808: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Katsu Hy˘z˘ I's drama "Toki-mo Kiky˘ Shusse no Ukej˘"; Eizabur˘ played the role of Mori no Ranmaru [casting].

1st lunar month of 1809: Eizabur˘ played at the Moritaza the roles of Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari and Iba no Jűz˘ in the new year sogamono drama "Gohiiki Aratama Soga"; the roles of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune were played by Onoe Monzabur˘ II and Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III.

3rd lunar month of 1809: premiere at the Moritaza of Fukumori Kyűsuke I's drama "Sono Mukashi Koi no Edo-zome"; Eizabur˘ played the roles of Kichisabur˘ and Goshaku Somegor˘ [casting].

6th lunar month of 1809: premiere at the Moritaza of Katsu Hy˘z˘ I's drama "Okuni Gozen Kesh˘ no Sugatami"; Eizabur˘ played the roles of Tenjiku Tokubŕ, Dainichimaru, Tokuichi, Iwakura Yashamaru, Tosa Matahei Shigeoki, Fuwa Banzaemon, Kizugawa Yoemon, Kasane and Nagoya Sanza Motoharu [casting].

11th lunar month of 1809: great shűmei at the Ichimuraza for the Otowaya guild; Onoe Matsusuke I and Onoe Eizabur˘ I respectively took the names of Onoe Sh˘roku I and Onoe Matsusuke II, performing in Katsu Hy˘z˘ I and Sakurada Jisuke II kaomise drama "Misao no Hana Toba no Koizuka"; Matsusuke played the roles of Sutoku Shin'in, Taira no Kiyomori, Monokawa no Kurando Mitsusada and the ueki-uri Goennichi no Matsu (in reality Minamoto no Tomonaga) [more details]. His son made his first stage appearance, receiving the name of Onoe Eizabur˘ II.

1st lunar month of 1810: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV and Sakurada Jisuke II drama "Kokoro no Nazo Toketa Iroito"; Matsusuke played the role of Omatsuri Sashichi [casting].

3rd lunar month of 1810: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Katsu Hy˘z˘ I's drama "Kachi Zum˘ Ukina no Hanabure" (commonly called "Shirafuji Genta"); Matsusuke played the role of Tsugawa Mondo [casting].

5th lunar month of 1810: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Katsu Hy˘z˘ I and Sakurada Jisuke II drama "Ehon Gapp˘-ga-Tsuji"; Matsusuke played the roles of Unzari Omatsu and Yohei [casting].

11th lunar month of 1813: Matsusuke played at the Nakamuraza the roles of Minamoto no Yoshiie, the female kani Koiso and the yamabushi Sanch˘in in the kaomise drama "Okud˘sha Band˘ Junrei", which welcomed in Edo the Kamigata actor Nakamura Matsue III.

1st lunar month of 1814: Matsusuke's rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was two black strokes above j˘-j˘-(hanshiro)kichi (superior - superior - (half-white) excellent) [visual].

11th lunar month of 1814: Onoe Matsusuke II and his son Onoe Eizabur˘ II respectively took the names of Onoe Baik˘ III and Onoe Matsusuke III at the Nakamuraza, performing in the kaomise drama "Ninin Muko Mikurai Sadame".

1st lunar month of 1815: Baik˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was three black strokes above j˘-j˘-(hanshiro)kichi (superior - superior - (half-white) excellent) [visual].

7th lunar month of 1815: Baik˘ played in the same theater the role of Minamoto no Yoshitsune in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

16th day of the 10th lunar month of 1815 [3]: his adoptive father Onoe Sh˘roku I died.

11th lunar month of 1815: Onoe Baik˘ III took the name of Onoe Kikugor˘ III at the Nakamuraza, performing several role, including the spectacular spirit of the Earth-Spider, in Fukumori Kyűsuke I's kaomise drama "Shitenn˘ Oedo no Kaburaya".

1st lunar month of 1816: Kikugor˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual]. Premiere at the Nakamuraza of the new year sogamono drama "Hiyoku no Ch˘ Haru no Soga Giku". This new year drama mixed two sekai: it was a sogamono and a gonpachi-komurasakimono [4]; Kikugor˘ played the roles of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune, Shiratsuka Jűemon, Komurasaki and Honj˘ Sukeichi [more details].

7th lunar month of 1816: Kikugor˘ played in the same theater the roles of En'ya Hangan, Hayano Kanpei and Sat˘ Yomoshichi in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

11th lunar month of 1816: Kikugor˘ played at the Nakamuraza the roles of Ashikaga Yorikane, Hosokawa Katsumoto and Fűrin Matsugor˘ in the kaomise drama "Fuwa Nagoya Yuki no Dategasa".

1st lunar month of 1817: Kikugor˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was (shiro)k˘-j˘-j˘-kichi ((white) meritorious - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual].

4th lunar month of 1817: Kikugor˘ played in the same theater the role of Hachiman Tar˘ Yoshiie in the drama "ďshű Adachi-ga-Hara".

11th lunar month of 1817: Kikugor˘ performed at the Miyakoza in the kaomise drama "Muro no Ume H˘gan Biiki", which celebrated the shűmei of Arashi Sanpachi II, Matsumoto Kingo I and Onoe K˘z˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1818: Kikugor˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was (shiro)itaru-j˘-j˘-kichi ((white) unique - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual]. He was the kanjiku for tachiyaku actors.

3rd lunar month of 1818: premiere at the Miyakoza of the 7-role hengemono "Miyama no Hana Todokanu Edaburi", starring Kikugor˘ in the seven roles. One of these roles was "Kosode Monogurui" ("the short-sleeved garment madness") [5].

4th lunar month of 1818: Kikugor˘ played in the same theater the role of Fukuoka Mitsugi in the drama "Ise Ondo Koi no Netaba".

Summer ~ Winter 1818: tour in Nagoya with Iwai Hanshir˘ V.

3rd lunar month of 1819: Kikugor˘ went back to Edo to perform at the Nakamuraza; he played the role of Sukeroku in the drama "Sukeroku Kuruwa no Momoyogusa"; the roles of Agemaki and Ikyű were played by Iwai Kumesabur˘ II and Nakamura Shikan I.

4th lunar month of 1819: Kikugor˘ played in the same theater the roles of Kan Sh˘j˘ and Sakuramaru in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

6th lunar month of 1819: Kikugor˘ moved to the Kawarasakiza where he played seven roles [8] in Tsuruya Nanboku IV's drama "Ura Moy˘ Kiku no Date-zome", a play whose plot and characters belongted to the "Meiboku Sendai Hagi" world.

11th lunar month of 1819: Kikugor˘ performed at the Tamagawaza in Tsuruya Nanboku IV's kaomise drama "Nana Komachi Yagura no Amagoi", which welcomed in Edo the Kamigata actors Fujikawa Tomokichi II and Nakayama Tatez˘ II, and celebrated the shűmei of both Sawamura T˘jűr˘ I and Fujikawa Tomokichi II.

1st lunar month of 1820: Kikugor˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was (shiro)itaru-j˘-j˘-kichi ((white) unique - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual]. He was the kanjiku for tachiyaku actors.

3rd lunar month of 1820: premiere at the Tamagawaza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's drama "Sakura Butai Maku no Datezome"; Kikugor˘ played the roles of Akamatsu Hikojir˘, Nikki Danj˘, Kosuke, Masaoka and Ashikaga Sakingo Yorikane [casting].

7th lunar month of 1820: short stay in ďsaka; Kikugor˘ played at the Kado no Shibai seven roles [7] in the drama "Kikuzuki Irifune Monogatari".

11th lunar month of 1820: Kikugor˘ performed at the Kawarasakiza in the kaomise drama "Ise Heiji Ume no Mitegura", which celebrated the shűmei of Onoe Tamiz˘ II, ďtani Monz˘ II and Iwai Kiyotar˘ IV.

1st lunar month of 1821: Kikugor˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was (shiro)itaru-j˘-j˘-kichi ((white) unique - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual].

7th lunar month of 1821: premiere at the Kawarasakiza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's drama "Tamamo-no-Mae Kumoi no Hareginu", which mixed the sekai of Gion no Ny˘go, the Two Shinbŕ ("Ninin Shinbŕ") and Tamamo-no-Mae; Kikugor˘ played the roles of Kohata Saemon Mitsukiyo, Oryű's brother Yokozone Heitar˘, Kisaki, Tamamo-no-Mae, Kyűbi no Kitsune (the nine-tailed fox) and Tamaya Shinbŕ [more details].

9th lunar month of 1821: premiere at the Kawarasakiza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's drama "Kiku no En Tsuki no Shiranami"; Kikugor˘ played the roles of the r˘nin Ono Sadakur˘, the t˘zoku Akatsuki Hoshigor˘ (in reality Sadakur˘) and Onoda Sh˘getsu (in reality Sadakur˘) [more details].

11th lunar month of 1821 (end of the month): premiere at the Kawarasakiza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's drama "Imoseyama Hitome Senbon", which mixed the "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura" and "Imoseyama Onna Teikin" worlds; Kikugor˘ played the roles of Sat˘ Tadanobu, Igami no Gonta, Kajiwara Genta Kagesue, Nasu no Yoichi and the farmer Fukashichi [casting].

1st lunar month of 1822: Kikugor˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was (shiro)itaru-j˘-j˘-kichi ((white) unique - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual]. He was the kanjiku for tachiyaku actors.

9th lunar month of 1822: Kikugor˘ played in the same theater the roles of Ashikaga Yorikane, Hanyű no Sukeshichi, Kizugawa Kingor˘ and Matsugae Sekinosuke Terumitsu in the drama "Gozonji Azuma no Kara", which celebrated the shűmei of Nakayama Tomisabur˘ II.

11th lunar month of 1822: Kikugor˘ performed at the Ichimuraza in the kaomise drama "Gohiiki Tsuwamono no Majiwari", which welcomed back Iwai Hanshir˘ V in Edo and celebrated the shűmei of Kikugor˘'s disciple Onoe Kikujir˘ I and Nakayama Kinsha.

12th lunar month of 1822: premiere at at the Ichimuraza of the danmari "Ichiharano no Danmari"; Kikugor˘ played the role of Hirai Yasumasa [more details].

1st lunar month of 1823: Kikugor˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was (shiro)itaru-j˘-j˘-kichi ((white) unique - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual]. Premiere at the Ichimuraza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's new year sogamono drama "Yaegasumi Soga no Kumiito"; Kikugor˘ played the roles of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune, ďt˘nai Narikage (in reality ďmi Kot˘ta Nariie), Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari, the carpenter Rokusabur˘ (in reality Kanbara Sashichir˘) and Fukushimaya Seibŕ [casting].

3rd lunar month of 1823: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's drama "Ukiyogara Hiyoku no Inazuma"; Kikugor˘ played the roles of Nagoya Sanza and the courtesan Miuraya Komurasaki [casting].

6th lunar month of 1823: premiere at the Moritaza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's drama "Kesakake Matsu Narita no Riken", starring Kikugor˘ and Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VII in the roles of Kasane and Yoemon [6].

7th lunar month of 1823: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's natsu ky˘gen "Torimazete Sekison Miyage"; Kikugor˘ played the roles of Sawai Matagor˘ and the gofukuya Jűbŕ (later Tomiokaya S˘roku) [casting].

11th lunar month of 1823: Kikugor˘ performed at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "Kaeri Giso Kiku no Hitomure".

1st lunar month of 1824: Kikugor˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was (shiro)itaru-j˘-j˘-kichi ((white) unique - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual].

11th lunar month of 1824: Kikugor˘ performed at the Kawarasakiza in the kaomise drama "Otokoyama Toritate Genji".

1st lunar month of 1824: Kikugor˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was (shiro)itaru-j˘-j˘-kichi ((white) unique - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual]. Premiere at the Nakamuraza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's new year sogamono drama "Okuni-iri Soga Nakamura"; Kikugor˘ played the roles of Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari, Shirai Gonpachi (later the keisei Komurasaki), Akaneya Hanshichi and Izutsuya Denbŕ [casting].

7th lunar month of 1825: Kikugor˘ played at the Nakamuraza the roles of ďboshi Yuranosuke, Hayano Kanpei and Tonase in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura". Premiere at the Nakamuraza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's ghost play "T˘kaid˘ Yotsuya Kaidan"; Kikugor˘ played the roles of Iemon's wife Tamiya Oiwa, Kobotoke Kohei and Sat˘ Yomoshichi [casting].

Fall 1825: Kikugor˘ went to Kamigata with Onoe Kikujir˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1825: Kikugor˘ performed at the Kado no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Ume no Naniwa Hayazaki Genji", which celebrated the shűmei of Nakayama Bungor˘ II; Kikugor˘'s main stage partners were Fujikawa Tomokichi II, Arashi Koroku IV (who made his last stage appearances) and Asao Kunigor˘ III.

1st lunar month of 1826: Kikugor˘'s rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual].

7th lunar month of 1826: Kikugor˘ played at the Kitagawa no Shibai seven roles in the drama "Tenjiku Tokubŕ Ikoku Banashi".

Fall 1826: Kikugor˘ went back to Edo.

11th lunar month of 1826: Kikugor˘ performed at the Nakamuraza in Tsuruya Nanboku IV's kaomise drama "Kaeribana Genji no Kachidoki".

1st lunar month of 1827: Kikugor˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was goku-j˘-j˘-kichi (extreme - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual].

6th lunar month of 1827: premiere at the Kawarasakiza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's drama "Hitori Tabi Gojűsan Tsugi"; Kikugor˘ played the roles of the umakata Sankichi (in reality Date no Yohachir˘, later Nippon Daemon using the name of Kuwanaya Tokuz˘), Akibayama no Sanjakub˘, the carpenter Konishi no Hachi, Hirai Gonpachi and Takemura Sadanoshin [casting].

11th lunar month of 1827: Kikugor˘ performed at the Kawarasakiza in the kaomise drama "Muro no Ume H˘gan Biiki", which welcomed in Edo the Kamigata actors Nakamura Karoku I and Nakamura Kinji and celebrated the shűmei of Onoe Iwagor˘, Onoe Sukejir˘, Kataoka Ky˘shir˘ and Segawa Ayame.

1st lunar month of 1828: Kikugor˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was (hanshiro)itaru-j˘-j˘-kichi ((half-white) unique - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual].

3rd lunar month of 1828: Kikugor˘ played in the same theater the roles of Igami no Gonta, Shizuka Gozen and Yokawa no Zenji Kakuhan (in reality Taira no Noritsune) in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

4th lunar month of 1828: Kikugor˘ played in the same theater the role of Kajiwara Genta Kagesue in the drama "Hirakana Seisuiki".

11th lunar month of 1828: not recorded in any Edo kaomise.

1st lunar month of 1829: Kikugor˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was (hanshiro)itaru-j˘-j˘-kichi ((half-white) unique - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual]. Kikugor˘ played at the Ichimuraza the roles of Akazawa Jűnai, Omatsuri Sashichi, Oni˘ Shinzaemon and Soga Gor˘ Tokimune in the new year sogamono drama "Iro Ichiza Soga ďyose".

3rd lunar month of 1829: Kikugor˘ played in the same theater the role of Iwafuji in the drama "Sugata no Hana Yayoi no Nishikie" (similar to "Kagamiyama"), which was staged to commemorate the 16th anniversary (17th memorial service) of the passing away of Kikugor˘'s adoptive father Onoe Sh˘roku I; the roles of Ohatsu and Onoe were played by Iwai Hanshir˘ V and Iwai Kumesabur˘ II.

21st day of the 3rd lunar month [9]: a fire broke out from the shop of Owariya Tokuemon, in the district of Kanda Sakuma-ch˘. It spread and destroyed the Edo theaters district. The Nakamuraza, the Ichimuraza and the Kawarasakiza were burnt to ashes. Kikugor˘ decided to go on tour to the Kaga Province.

8th lunar month of 1829: Kikugor˘ performed in Ise at the Furuichi Shibai in the drama "Tenjiku Tokubŕ Ikoku Banashi".

11th lunar month of 1829: Kikugor˘ played at the Minamigawa no Shibai the roles of Akamatsu Hikoshir˘, Masaoka and the daiku Rokusa in the kaomise drama "Meiboku Sendai Hagi". He also played the roles of Takebe Genz˘, Kan Sh˘j˘ and Sakuramaru in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

1st lunar month of 1830: Kikugor˘'s rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was itaru-j˘-j˘-kichi (unique - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual].

3rd lunar month of 1830: Kikugor˘ played at the Takeda no Shibai the roles of Takebe Genz˘, Kan Sh˘j˘ and Sakuramaru in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

Spring 1830: tour in Sanuki and Onomichi.

8th lunar month of 1830: Kikugor˘ performed in Sakai.

10th lunar month of 1830: Kikugor˘ played at the Kado no Shibai the roles of Shizuka Gozen and Igami no Gonta in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

11th lunar month of 1830: Kikugor˘ played at the Kitagawa no Shibai (Ky˘to) the role of Kan Sh˘j˘ in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami". He also played the roles of Shizuka Gozen and Igami no Gonta in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

1st lunar month of 1831: Kikugor˘'s rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was itaru-j˘-j˘-kichi (unique - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual].

3rd lunar month of 1831: Kikugor˘ played at the Wakadayű no Shibai (ďsaka) the roles of Momonoi Wakasanosuke, Ono no Sadakur˘, Hayano Kanpei and ďboshi Yuranosuke in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura", which was staged to commemorate the 49th anniversary (50th memorial service) of late Onoe Kikugor˘ I. He also performed in "Yotsuya Kaidan" and "Ise Ondo".

Fall 1831: Kikugor˘ went back to Edo.

11th lunar month of 1831: Kikugor˘ performed at the Ichimuraza in the kaomise drama "Edo-gonomi Kiku no Date-zome".

1st lunar month of 1832: Kikugor˘'s rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was itaru-j˘-j˘-kichi (unique - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual].

8th lunar month of 1832: Kikugor˘ played at the Kawarasakiza seven roles [10] in the drama "Tenjiku Tokubŕ Ikoku Banashi".

9th lunar month of 1832: Kikugor˘ played in the same theater the roles of K˘ no Moron˘, Hayano Kanpei, Konami, Ono no Sadakur˘ and ďboshi Yuranosuke in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

11th lunar month of 1832: Kikugor˘ performed at the Ichimuraza in the kaomise drama "Band˘ Musha Tsunagate Hajime".

1st lunar month of 1833: Kikugor˘'s rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was itaru-j˘-j˘-kichi (unique - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual].

3rd lunar month of 1832: Kikugor˘ played at the Kawarasakiza the roles of K˘ no Moron˘, Okaru, Ono no Kudayű, Kayano Sanpei and Amakawaya Rihei in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

8th lunar month of 1832: Kikugor˘ played at the Ichimuraza the roles of Hayano Kanpei, Osono and Ono no Kudayű in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

11th lunar month of 1833: Kikugor˘ performed at the Ichimuraza in the kaomise drama "Koi Yoriiru Tsui no Yumitori".

12th lunar month of 1833: Kikugor˘ built his own yashiki (borrowing ry˘ to do it) in the village of Terashima in Honjo.

1st lunar month of 1834: Kikugor˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was goku-j˘-j˘-kichi (extreme - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual]. He shared the same rank with Ichikawa Ebiz˘ V.

4th lunar month of 1834: tour in Kuwana with Arashi Kanjűr˘ I, Ichikawa Sumiz˘ III, Onoe Eizabur˘ III, Onoe Matsusuke III, Nakajima Kanzaemon VI and Nakamura Kinji; Kikugor˘ played at the Kasuga Shibai the roles of Nikki Danj˘zaemon Naonori, Masaoka and the daiku Rokusa in "Meiboku Sendai Hagi". He also played the role of Fukuoka Mitsugi in the drama "Ise Ondo".

7th lunar month of 1834: Kikugor˘ played in the same theater seven roles [11] in the drama "Tenjiku Tokubŕ Ikoku Banashi".

2nd lunar month of 1835: premiere at the Ichimuraza of "Ume no Haru Gojűsan Tsugi" [12]; Kikugor˘ played the roles of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune, Kuwanaya Tokuz˘, Shirai Gonpachi, Dozaemon Denkichi, the ghost of the cat-stone, Izu no Jir˘, the t˘zoku Inaba K˘z˘ (in reality Shimizu no Kanja Yoshitaka) and the r˘nin Yasumori Genjir˘ (in reality Shimizu no Kanja Yoshitaka).

8th lunar month of 1835: Kikugor˘ played in the same theater the roles of Kakogawa Honz˘, ďta Ry˘chiku, Ono no Kudayű, K˘ no Moron˘ and ďboshi Yuranosuke in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

11th lunar month of 1835: Kikugor˘ played at the Nakamuraza the roles of Kan Sh˘j˘, Sakuramaru, Shund˘ Genba and Takebe Genz˘ in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

1st lunar month of 1836: Kikugor˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was goku-j˘-j˘-kichi (extreme - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual].

7th lunar month of 1836: Kikugor˘ played at the Moritaza the role of Takeda Katsuyori in the drama "Honch˘ Nijűshik˘". He also played the roles of Sat˘ Yomoshichi, Tamiya Oiwa, Kobotoke Kohei and ďboshi Yuranosuke in the drama "T˘kaid˘ Yotsuya Kaidan".

9th lunar month of 1836: Kikugor˘ played in the same theater the role of Nagoya Sanza in the drama "Nagoya Obi Kumo-ni Inazuma".

1st lunar month of 1837: Kikugor˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was goku-j˘-j˘-kichi (extreme - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual].

3rd lunar month of 1837: Kikugor˘ played at the Nakamuraza the roles of the ghost of Iwafuji, Kotengű Ch˘shichi, the hyakush˘ Sakujir˘ from the village of Terashima and Shimizu no Kanja Yoshitaka in Tsuruya Nanboku V's drama "Yayoi no Hana Oedo no Irifune", which commemorated the 22nd anniversary (23rd memorial service) of the passing away of Kikugor˘'s adoptive father Onoe Sh˘roku I

8th lunar month of 1837: Kikugor˘ played in the same theater the roles of ďboshi Yuranosuke, Hayano Kanpei and Momonoi Wakasanosuke in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

11th lunar month of 1837: Kikugor˘ performed at the Kawarasakiza (which celebrated its reopening!) in the kaomise drama "Sekai ha Taira Ume no Kaomise".

1st lunar month of 1838: Kikugor˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was goku-j˘-j˘-kichi (extreme - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual].

3rd lunar month of 1838: Kikugor˘ performed at the Nakamuraza in the drama "Sanmon Hitome Senbon", which welcomed in Edo the Kamigata actors Nakamura Shikan II, Arashi San'emon IX, Nakamura Tsuruz˘ I, Nakamura Kan'emon, Nakamura Tsurugor˘, Nakamura Komasuke, Nakamura Kaei and Asao Okuyama. He also played the role of Igami no Gonta in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

6th lunar month of 1838: Kikugor˘ played in the same theater seven roles [13] in the drama "Kanete Kiku Oie no Bakemono" (a drama similar to "Tenjiku Tokubŕ").

11th lunar month of 1838: Kikugor˘ made his isse ichidai performance, in Edo at the Nakamuraza, where he performed in the drama "Isse Ichidai Kuriki no My˘noji" [14].

1st lunar month of 1839: Kikugor˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was goku-j˘-j˘-kichi (extreme - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual].

1st lunar month of 1840: Kikugor˘ was back on stage, in Edo at the Kawarasakiza, where he played several roles, including Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari, in the new year sogamono drama "Ume Sakuya Wakagiba Soga".

Fall 1841: Kikugor˘ went to Kamigata.

11th lunar month of 1841: Kikugor˘ played at the Minamigawa no Shibai the role of Kajiwara Genta Kagesue in the drama Hirakana Seisuiki. He also played the roles of Okiku and Kizu no K˘suke in the drama "Oto-ni Kiku Azuma no Omiyage".

1st lunar month of 1841: Kikugor˘'s rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was goku-j˘-j˘-kichi (extreme - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual].

4th lunar month of 1841: Kikugor˘ went to ďsaka and played at the Kado no Shibai seven roles [15] in the drama "Ume no Haru Gojűsan Tsugi".

8th lunar month of 1841: Kikugor˘ played at the ďnishi no Shibai (ďsaka) the roles of ďboshi Yuranosuke, K˘ no Moron˘, Hayano Kanpei and Tonase in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura". He also played the roles of Sakuramaru, Takebe Genz˘ and Kan Sh˘j˘ in "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"; the roles of Okaru, Tonami and Yae were played by Arashi Tokusabur˘ III.

9th lunar month of 1841: Kikugor˘ played in the same theater the roles of Tokubŕ and Kikuichi in the drama "Tenjiku Tokubŕ Ikoku Banashi". He also played the roles of Tamiya Oiwa, Kobotoke Kohei and Sat˘ Yomoshichi in the drama "Tenjiku Tokubŕ Ikoku Banashi" (which included scenes from "Yotsuya Kaidan").

1st lunar month of 1842: Kikugor˘'s rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was goku-j˘-j˘-kichi (extreme - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual].

3rd lunar month of 1842: Kikugor˘ played at the Naka no Shibai the roles of the ghost of Iwafuji, Matsuwakamaru and the yakko Monohei in the drama "Kagamiyama Gonichi no Omokage" (a drama belonging to the sekai of "Kagamiyama"). He also played the role of Fukuoka Mitsugi in the drama "Ise Ondo Koi no Netaba".

Spring or Summer 1842: Kikugor˘ went on tour in Ise, then went back to Edo. The sumptuary laws of the Tenp˘ reforms, led by Mizuno Tadakuni and started in 1841, were enforced and the Kabuki world was heavily targeted: the theaters had to move to the remote district of Saruwaka-ch˘, performances within the precincts of temples or shrines were forbidden, actors prints were temporarily proscribed and the Edo star Ichikawa Ebiz˘ V was exiled to Kamigata.

8th lunar month of 1842: Kikugor˘'s yearly salary was reduced to 500 ry˘.

5th lunar month of 1843: Kikugor˘ played at the Kawarasakiza the roles of K˘ no Moron˘, Hayano Kanpei and ďboshi Yuranosuke in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura". He also played the roles of Kan Sh˘j˘, Sakuramaru, Takebe Genz˘ and Chiyo in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

3rd lunar month of 1844: Kikugor˘ played at the Nakamuraza the role of the shirozake seller Shinbŕ in the drama "Sukeroku Kuruwa no Momosakura"; the roles of Sukeroku, the courtesan Agemaki and the villain Ikyű were played by Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VIII, Iwai Hanshir˘ VII and Matsumoto K˘shir˘ VI.

7th lunar month of 1845: Kikugor˘ played at the Kawarasakiza the roles of K˘ no Moron˘, Ono no Kudayű and the koshimoto Okaru in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

11th lunar month of 1845: Kikugor˘ performed at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "Hana no Sakazuki ďeyama", which celebrated the shűmei of Onoe Kikujűr˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1846: Kikugor˘ performed in the same theater in the new year sogamono drama "Nazorae Soga ďeyama-iri", which celebrated the shűmei of Onoe Baik˘ IV, Onoe Eizabur˘ IV and Onoe Kikunosuke.

11th lunar month of 1846: Kikugor˘ performed at the Ichimuraza in the drama "Gekiry˘maru Ichiban Ikari", which celebrated the shűmei of Nakamura Gennosuke II.

7th lunar month of 1847: Kikugor˘ appeared on stage for the last time, at the Ichimuraza in a great program entitled "Onoe Baiju Ichidai Banashi", which commemorated the 32nd anniversary (33rd memorial service) of the passing away of Kikugor˘'s adoptive father Onoe Sh˘roku I. Kikugor˘ retired and became the owner of a mochi shop, calling himself Kikuya Manbei.

4th ~ 6th lunar month of 1848: he was back on stage, in Nagoya at the Wakamiya Shibai, where he performed under the name of ďkawa Hashiz˘ I in dramas related to the worlds of "Tenjiku Tokubŕ" and "Sendai Hagi".

8th lunar month of 1848: Hashiz˘ settled in ďsaka and performed at the Kado no Shibai in the drama "Sangoku Daiichikawa Tsui no Kusemono".

11th lunar month of 1848: Hashiz˘ played at the Kitagawa no Shibai the roles of Kan Sh˘j˘, Shiratayű and Takebe Genz˘ in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"; Hashiz˘'s stage partners were Ichikawa Ebiz˘ V (Kakuju, Matsu˘maru), Nakamura Tomijűr˘ II (Terukuni's wife Izayoi, Chiyo), Arashi Rikan III (Terukuni), Arashi San'emon IX (Tatsuta-no-Mae, Yae, Tonami), Nakamura Nakaz˘ IV (Sukune Tar˘, Ume˘maru, Shund˘ Genba), Ichikawa Shik˘ III (Sakuramaru), Nakamura Sank˘ III (Princess Kariya), Nakayama Genjűr˘ I (Haji no Hy˘e) and Arashi Kicch˘ II [16] (Haru). Hashiz˘ also played the role of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune in the drama "Daitokai Midori Soga".

1st lunar month of 1849: Hashiz˘'s rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was (shiro)˘-goku-j˘-j˘-kichi ((white) grand - extreme - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual].

24th day of the 4th lunar month of 1849 [1]: Hashiz˘ suddenly fell ill while travelling on the T˘kaid˘ road; he died at the Kakegawa Station.

Comments:

ďkawa Hashiz˘ I was one of the first and most amazing kaneru yakusha in Kabuki history. "He was a specialist in sewamono, or plays of everyday life, and established traditions that are being carried on by his descendants today." (ZoŰ Kincaid in "Kabuki, the Popular Stage of Japan")

"He is perhaps best remembered for the frisson of his appearances with his rival Danjűr˘ VII, and for his alliance with the playwright Tsuruya Nanboku IV, who in 1825 wrote for him the role of Oiwa in "T˘kaid˘ Yotsuya Kaidan", the best known of Kabuki ghost plays. Besides playing vengeful ghosts, Kikugor˘'s specialities included adolescent males (wakashugata) and older wise men (jitsugotoshi), but his range also extended to villains (katakiyaku) and female roles (onnagata). He was acclaimed as an all-round actor, or 'man of a thousand faces' (kaneru yakusha), and his ability for the miraculously quick changes (hayagawari) so popular in the Bunka-Bunsei eras (1804-30), allowed him to play seven to nine roles in one play." (from the The Fitzwilliam Museum Website)

"All too conscious of his own good looks, he was apparently narcissistic and difficult." (from the The Fitzwilliam Museum Website)

"At one time the third Kikugor˘ thought he would try what it felt like to be a plain citizen of Edo. He opened a mochiya, or cake shop dealing in a favourite refreshment of his day, as it still remains of T˘ky˘ people--steamed and pounded rice moulded into mound shapes, and prepared in various ways. He hung out a shop sign, in shape sexagonal, lacquered in red, and adorned with a gold design of grasses and written characters signifying Mochiya Kikuju, or the Chrysanthemum-Long-Life-Mochi shop. It was not true to its name. Inside the place there were costly art objects, and rare dwarf plants, while a mechanical toy, a Chinese boy, moved by a special device, came to meet the guests as they entered, and brought them tea and cake. Of course, Kikugor˘ was the object of the visitor's interest, and the matter of cakes was much less importance. The actor would sweep the garden and talk with the visitors, but one day he suddenly tired of the whole scheme, after some customers had purchased a particularly small amount of his cakes. Kikugor˘ is said to have exclaimed: "They have seen my beautiful garden and listened to my compliments, and paid only 64 mon for cakes, so I'll go back to the stage." Perhaps he was hankering after it anyway, and made this an excuse." (ZoŰ Kincaid in "Kabuki, the Popular Stage of Japan")

[1] The 24th day of the 4th lunar month of the 2nd year of the Kaei era was the 16th of May 1849 in the western calendar.

[2] Another possible reading for the title was "Eiri Otogi Z˘shi".

[3] The 16th day of the 10th lunar month of the 12th year of the Bunka era was the 16th of November 1815 in the western calendar.

[4] The sogamono fell into oblivion and the gonpachi-komurasakimono was kept in the Kabuki repertoire. It was staged independently under the title "Sono Kouta Yume mo Yoshiwara" ("Gonge" and "Gonj˘").

[5] It is staged nowadays as an independent Kiyomoto-based dance called "Yasuna".

[6] The michiyuki of this drama, commonly called "Iro Moy˘ Chotto Karimame", is still regularly staged nowadays.

[7] The 7 roles were Tenjiku Tokubŕ, Fuwa Banzaemon, the zat˘ Kikuichi, Kan˘ Shirojir˘ Motonobu, Kinegawa Yoemon, Yoemon's ny˘b˘ Kasane and the ghost of Kasane.

[8] The 7 roles were Miuraya Usugumo, Yashio, Nikki Haradamaru, Kinugawa Yoemon, Takao Denshichi, Omatsuri Kingor˘, Shiozawa Tanzabur˘ and Hosokawa Katsumoto.

[9] The 21st day of the 3rd lunar month of the 12th year of the Bunsei era was the 24th of April 1829 in the western calendar.

[10] The 7 roles were Tenjiku Tokubŕ, Tosa Matahei, the zat˘ Kikuichi, Kinegawa Yoemon, Kan˘ Shirojir˘ Motonobu, Kasane Izutsu no Kasane and Fuwa Banzaemon.

[11] The 7 roles were Tenjiku Tokubŕ, the zat˘ Tokuichi, Dainichimaru, Kan˘ Shirojir˘ Motonobu, Kinegawa Yoemon, Kasane and Tosa Matahei.

[12] This drama was written by Mimasuya Nis˘ji and Nakamura Jűsuke IV. "Given the title, audiences might have expected a version of Jippensha Ikku's (1765ľ1831) best-selling comic novel T˘kaid˘chű Hizakurige (popularly known as Shank's Mare), but what they got instead was a spectacle of frightening scenes, along with erotic interplay and comic spoofing of Nanboku's favorite themes. Ume no haru, like its predecessor, included a monstrous demon cat, but also added a renegade priest who masters rat magic and a thief named Nezumi Koz˘ ("Kid Rat"). With these elements, the play qualified as a type of drama called neko-s˘d˘mono." (from osakaprints.com)

[13] The 7 roles were Kasane Izutsu no Kasane, the ghost of Kasane, Kan˘ Shirojir˘ Motonobu, Tenjiku Tokubŕ, the zat˘ Tokuichi, Fuwa Kazuzaemon (in reality the Chinese t˘zoku Dainichimaru) and Kinegawa Yoemon.

[14] This drama was written by Tsuruya Nanboku V, Mimasuya Nis˘ji, Sakurada Jisuke III, Nakamura Jűsuke IV and Matsushima Ch˘fu II.

[15] The 7 roles were Nezumi Koz˘ (in reality Kuwanaya Tokuz˘), the tayű Usugumo, the ghost of the cat-stone, Shirai Gonpachi, Dozaemon Denkichi, Iimori Oshichi and the Umezawaya ny˘b˘.

[16] Not sure about the line number of this disciple of Arashi Rikan III.

ďkawa Hashiz˘ I portraying Shirai Gonpachi in a print made by Utagawa Kunikazu in 1861

Prints & Illustrations

The Onoe Eizabur˘ line of actors

The Onoe Matsusuke line of actors

The Onoe Baik˘ line of actors

The Onoe Kikugor˘ line of actors

The ďkawa Hashiz˘ line of actors

 
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