ONOE KIKUGORď IV

Stage names:

Onoe Kikugor˘ IV In Japanese
Onoe Baik˘ IV In Japanese
Onoe Eizabur˘ III In Japanese
Onoe Kikushi [4] In Japanese
Nakamura Kach˘ In Japanese
Nakamura Tatsuz˘ In Japanese

Nickname: Baik˘ Kikugor˘

Guild: Otowaya

Line number: YODAIME (IV)

Poetry names: Baik˘ (4), Kikushi, Baifu

Existence: 1808 ~ 28th day of the 6th lunar month of 1860 [1]

Connections:

Father-in-law and adoptive father: Onoe Kikugor˘ III

Master: Nakamura Karoku I

Adopted sons: Onoe Eizabur˘ IV, Onoe Baik˘ 4.5, Onoe Kakunosuke

Career:

1808 ~ 1830: born in ďsaka. He started his career as a disciple of Nakamura Karoku I, who gave him the names of Nakamura Tatsuz˘ and Nakamura Kach˘ at unknown dates.

1st lunar month of 1831: he got married with the daughter of the star Onoe Kikugor˘ III.

3rd lunar month of 1831: he was adopted by his father-in-law, received the name of Onoe Kikushi [4] and settled in Edo with his new adoptive father.

8th lunar month of 1831: he took the name of Onoe Eizabur˘ III at the Ichimuraza, playing the role of Osode in Tsuruya Nanboku IV's drama "T˘kaid˘ Yotsuya Kaidan".

7th lunar month of 1837: premiere at the Ichimuraza of "Sansh˘-dayű Kogane no Toridoshi", a revised and expanded version of the gidayű ky˘gen "Yura no Minato Sengen Ch˘ja"; Eizabur˘ played the roles of Kuranoshin's wife ďwada Sakurado and the Shimabara tayű Aoyagi [casting].

9th lunar month of 1839: premiere at the Kawarasakiza of the Kiyomoto-based dance "Shimero Yare Iro no Kakegoe", which is still part of the current Kabuki repertoire under the title "Kanda Matsuri". It starred Eizabur˘, Sawamura Tossh˘ I and Ichikawa Ebiz˘ V.

3rd lunar month of 1842: Eizabur˘ played at the Kawarasakiza the role of Akoya in the drama "Kagekiyo"; his stage partners were Ichikawa Ebiz˘ V (Kagekiyo) and Ichikawa Kuz˘ II (Shigetada).

10th lunar month of 1842: Eizabur˘ took part in the opening ceremony of the newly-built Nakamuraza in the district of Asakusa Saruwaka-ch˘, playing in the drama "Kinryűzan Chikai no Ishizue", which was produced by Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XII; his stage partners are Iwai Tojaku, Sawamura Tossh˘ II, Arashi Kichisabur˘ III, Band˘ Hikosabur˘ IV, Osagawa Tsuneyo IV, Arashi Izabur˘ II and Ichikawa Danzabur˘ V.

6th lunar month of 1843: Eizabur˘ played at the Kawarasakiza the role of Princess Taema in the drama "Mayoi no Kumoiro ni Narukami"; the role of the wicked priest Narukami was played by Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VIII.

1st lunar month of 1846: Onoe Eizabur˘ III and Onoe Kikunosuke I respectively took the names of Onoe Baik˘ IV and Onoe Eizabur˘ IV at the Nakamuraza, playing in the drama "Nazorae Soga ďeyama-iri".

4th lunar month of 1847: premiere at the Kawarasakiza of the dance-drama "Shiki no Hina Asakusa Hakkei" (commonly called "Ky˘ Ningy˘"); Baik˘ played the role of the spirit of the doll [casting].

24th day of the 4th lunar month of 1849 [2]: his adoptive father ďkawa Hashiz˘ I died.

3rd lunar month of 1853: premiere at the Nakamuraza of Segawa Jok˘ III's drama "Yowa Nasake Ukina no Yokogushi" (commonly called "Kirare Yosa"); Baik˘ played the role of Otomi [casting]. This performance was a huge success.

9th lunar month of 1854: Baik˘ achieved a great success at the Naka no Shibai (ďsaka) by playing the roles of Masaoka, Kasane, Yorikane and Takao in the drama "Meiboku Sendai Hagi".

9th lunar month of 1855: Onoe Baik˘ IV took the name of Onoe Kikugor˘ IV at the Ichimuraza, playing the roles of Masaoka, Kasane and Yorikane in the drama "Ki no Shita Kage Masago no Date Zome", whose plots and characters were similar to the classic "Meiboku Sendai Hagi".

11th lunar month of 1856: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Sh˘chikubai Yuki no Akebono"; Kikugor˘ played the role of Osugi [casting]. Premiere at the Ichimuraza of the dance "Joro no Makoto Osada no Chűk˘"; Kikugor˘ played the role of Omatsu [casting].

1st lunar month of 1857: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Nezumi Komon Haru no Shingata" (commonly called "Nezumi Koz˘"); Kikugor˘ played the roles of the Koyamaya's goke Otaka, Matsubaya Matsuyama, Miura's mekake Wakakusa and Yoshitoki's mekake Shiraume [casting].

7th lunar month of 1857: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Ami Moy˘ T˘ro no Kikukiri" (commonly called "Kozaru Shichinosuke"); Kikugor˘ played the roles of okujochű Kikugawa (later the courtesan Goshuden no Okuma) and Nakamanjiya Tamagiku [casting].

3rd lunar month of 1858: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Edo Zakura Kiyomizu Seigen"; the nibanme of this drama was now entitled "Kurotegumi Kuruwa no Tatehiki" in the Kabuki repertoire (commonly called "Kurotegumi Sukeroku"); Kikugor˘ played the roles of Princess Sakura, Omaki, Miuraya Agemaki and Otake [more details].

1st lunar month of 1859: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the Nagauta-based sanbas˘mono "Kotobuki Shiki Sanba"; Kikugor˘ played the role of Senzai [casting].

1st day of the 7th lunar month of 1859 [3]: his first master Nakamura Karoku I died.

4th lunar month of 1860: Kikugor˘ played at the Nakamuraza the roles of Kaoyo, Kaoru, Tonase and Osono in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

28th day of the 6th lunar month of 1860 [1]: Kikugor˘ died in Edo.

Comments:

Onoe Kikugor˘ IV was the only actor in this prestigious lineage to play mainly onnagata roles. His best role was the menoto Masaoka in the classic "Meiboku Sendai Hagi".

[1] The 28th day of the 6th lunar month of the 1st year of the Man'en era was the 14th of August 1860 in the western calendar.

[2] The 24th day of the 4th lunar month of the 2nd year of the Kaei era was the 16th of May 1849 in the western calendar.

[3] The 1st day of the 7th lunar month of the 6th year of the Ansei era was the 30th of July 1859 in the western calendar.

[4] Another possible reading could be Onoe Kikue.

Onoe Kikugor˘ IV playing the role of Masaoka in the drama "Meiboku Sendai Hagi" (print made in 1860)

Prints & Illustrations

The Onoe Eizabur˘ line of actors

The Onoe Baik˘ line of actors

The Onoe Kikugor˘ line of actors

 
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