TSURUYA NANBOKU V

Pen names:

Tsuruya Nanboku V In Japanese
Nanboku Magotar˘ IV In Japanese
Uba J˘suke II In Japanese
Nanboku Magotar˘ IV In Japanese
Tsurumine Sensuke I In Japanese

Other name:

Tsuruya Magotar˘ IV In Japanese

Stage names:

Tsurumine Ushizaemon In Japanese
Nanboku Ushizaemon In Japanese

Guild: Tsuruya

Line number: GODAIME (V)

Poetry name: Kayű

Existence: 1796 ~ 21st day of the 1st lunar month of 1852 [1]

Connection:

Adoptive father: Katsu Hy˘z˘ II (Tsuruya Nanboku IV's son)

Disciples: Kawatake Shinshichi II, Segawa Jok˘ III, Masuyama Kinpachi III, Tsurumine Sensuke II, Tsurumine Yosuke, Harufuji Shigyoku

Career:

1739: born in Edo in the district of Fukagawa. He is the son of Matsumoto Saiemon, the owner of a chaya located within the precincts of the Hachiman Shrine.

1800: he is adopted by Naoe Jűbŕ (later Katsu Hy˘z˘ II).

11th lunar month of 1802: he makes his debut on stage at the Ichimuraza, where he performs under the name of Nanboku Ushizaemon as a koyaku in Fukumori Kyűsuke I's kaomise drama "Toki-ni ďshű Tsubo no Ishibumi".

7th lunar month of 1805: Ushizaemon plays at the Ichimuraza the role of Tarokichi in the drama "Genpei Nunobiki no Taki"; the roles of Sait˘ Bett˘ Sanemori, Koman, Senoo Jűr˘ Kaneyasu, Aoi Gozen and Kurosuke are played by Sawamura Gennosuke I, Yamashita Mangiku I, Nakamura Utagor˘, Ichikawa Danzabur˘ IV and Arashi Kanjűr˘ I.

1821: he becomes sakusha and his first pen name is Tsurumine Sensuke I.

1824: he occasionally performs on stage as a d˘kegata; his new stage name is Tsurumine Ushizaemon.

11th lunar month of 1825: he becomes sanmaime sakusha at the Ichimuraza and takes the name of Tsuruya Magotar˘ IV.

27th day of the 11th lunar month of 1829: Tsuruya Nanboku IV dies in Edo.

11th lunar month of 1831: he becomes tatesakusha and works at the Kawarazakiza on the drama "Matsu o Chikara Tomoe no Fujinami", which celebrates the shűmei of Sawamura Tossh˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1832: he takes the name of Uba J˘suke II and works at the Kawarazakiza on the drama "Tanomiaru Gohiiki no Tsuna", which celebrates the shűmei of Yamashita Kinsaku IV.

1833: he takes back the name of Nanboku Magotar˘ IV.

2nd lunar month of 1835: premiere at the Ichimuraza of "Ume no Haru Gojűsan Tsugi" [2], a drama written by Mimasuya Nis˘ji, Nakamura Jűsuke IV and Magotar˘.

3rd lunar month of 1837: he takes the name of Tsuruya Nanboku V at the Nakamuraza, where he works on the drama "Yayoi no Hana Oedo no Irifune".

11th lunar month of 1837: Nanboku works, along with Mimasuya Nis˘ji, at the Kawarazakiza (which celebrates its reopening!) on the drama "Sekai ha Taira Ume no Kaomise".

11th lunar month of 1838: Nanboku works, along with Mimasuya Nis˘ji, Sakurada Jisuke III, Nakamura Jűsuke IV and Matsushima Ch˘fu II, at the Nakamuraza on the drama "Isse Ichidai Kuriki no My˘noji", which celebrates the isse ichidai performance of the Edo star Onoe Kikugor˘ III.

11th lunar month of 1839: Nanboku works at the Nakamuraza on the drama "Sumidagawa Yukimi no Jindachi".

11th lunar month of 1840: Nanboku works at the Nakamuraza on the drama "Yasa Heike Kabuki no Gunbai" with Band˘ Hikosabur˘ IV as zagashira.

11th lunar month of 1846: Nanboku works at the Ichimuraza on the drama "Gekiry˘maru Ichiban Ikari", which celebrates the shűmei of Nakamura Gennosuke II.

1st lunar month of 1847: Nanboku works in the same theater on the new year sogamono "Fuji Nikki Kakizome Soga".

End of 1847/beginning of 1848: Nanboku goes to Kamigata.

1st lunar month of 1848: Nanboku works at the Naka no Shibai, along with the ďsaka sakusha Namiki Saemon, on the new year drama "Keisei Soga Kamakura Daijin".

9th lunar month of 1848: Nanboku works at the Kado no Shibai, along with Namiki Gohei III, on the classic "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami", which stars ďkawa Hashiz˘ I (Kan Sh˘j˘, Shund˘ Genba), Ichikawa Ebiz˘ V (Kakuju, Matsu˘maru), Arashi Rikan III (Sukune Tar˘), Arashi San'emon IX (Tatsuta-no-Mae, Chiyo, Yae), ďkawa Sanch˘ (Ume˘maru), Ichikawa Sukejur˘ (Takebe Genz˘), Onoe Eizabur˘ IV (Princess Kariya) and Ichikawa Shik˘ III (Terukuni, Sakuramaru).

1st lunar month of 1849: Nanboku works at the Naka no Shibai, along with the ďsaka sakusha Namiki Saemon, on the new year drama "Keisei Ishikawa-zome".

Spring (?) or Summer (?) 1849: Nanboku goes back to Edo.

9th lunar month of 1851: Nanboku works at the Ichimuraza on the drama "Genji Moy˘ Furisode Hinagata".

21st day of the 1st lunar month of 1852 [1]: Nanboku dies in Edo; his tombstone is located in the precincts of the Shingy˘ji temple.

Comments:

Tsuruya Nanboku V's greatest achievement was the transmission of the heritage of Tsuruya Nanboku IV, the major playwright of the first half of the 19th century, to Kawatake Shinshichi II, the major playwright of the second half of the 19th century. Tsuruya Nanboku V was not a genius like Tsuruya Nanboku IV but he successfully raised the talent of a future genius.

[1] The 21st day of the 1st lunar month of the 5th year of the Kaei era was the 10th of February 1852 in the western calendar.

[2] "Given the title, audiences might have expected a version of Jippensha Ikku's (1765ľ1831) best-selling comic novel T˘kaid˘chű Hizakurige (popularly known as Shank's Mare), but what they got instead was a spectacle of frightening scenes, along with erotic interplay and comic spoofing of Nanboku's favorite themes. Ume no haru, like its predecessor, included a monstrous demon cat, but also added a renegade priest who masters rat magic and a thief named Nezumi Koz˘ ("Kid Rat"). With these elements, the play qualified as a type of drama called neko-s˘d˘mono." (from osakaprints.com)

The name of Tsuruya Nanboku V in a 1842 Edo hy˘banki (the zone within the red shape on the left side of the picture)

 
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