|KATAOKA NIZAEMON XIII|
Real name: Kataoka Chiyonosuke
Line number: J█SANDAIME (XIII)
Poetry name: Sakoku
Blazon: the ideogram for two (2 horizontal bars) in a circle
Existence: 15 December 1903 ~ 26 March 1994
Adoptive father: Kataoka Nizaemon XI
Great-grandson: Kataoka Sennosuke
16 October 1934: his adoptive father Kataoka Nizaemon XI died.
Summer 1939: Gat˘ settled in ďsaka.
January 1946: first post-WWII performances; Gat˘ played at the Minamiza the roles of Zenigata Heiji, Benten Koz˘ Kikunosuke, Chichibu no Sh˘ji Shigetada and Sakaida Kakiemon in "Zenigata Heiji Torimono Hikae", "Benten Koz˘", "Akoya" and "Meik˘ Kakiemon".
16 March 1946: Kataoka Nizaemon XII died in T˘ky˘.
March 1951: Kataoka Gat˘ IV took the name of Kataoka Nizaemon XIII at the ďsaka Kabukiza, playing the roles of Kamiya Jihŕ, Hoshikage Doemon, Yanagisawa Yasuaki and Kameya Chűbŕ (and his father Magoemon) in "Shigure no Kotatsu", "Gosho no Goroz˘", "Ak˘ Gishi Shinpan" and "Ninokuchi-mura" [more details].
May 1951: Kataoka Nizaemon XIII celebrated his shűmei in Ky˘to at the Minamiza, playing the roles of Yamazaki Yogor˘, the sarumawashi Yojir˘, ďtaka Gengo, the furuteya Hachirobŕ and Hoshikage Doemon in "Sum˘ba", "Horikawa", "Tsuchiya Chikara", "Unagidani" and "Gosho no Goroz˘".
September 1951: Kataoka Nizaemon XIII celebrated his shűmei in T˘ky˘ at the Kabukiza, playing the roles of Matsudaira Ch˘shichir˘, the farmer Yoemon (in reality Kinugawa Taniz˘) and the hair-dresser Sanigoroshichi (in fact Asaka Yoichir˘) in "Umagiri", "Kasane" and "Ich˘zuru Fumi no Fűjime".
October 1951: Kataoka Nizaemon XIII celebrated his shűmei in Nagoya at the Misonoza, playing the roles of Yamazaki Yogor˘, the sarumawashi Yojir˘, the furuteya Hachirobŕ, Koganosuke and Hoshikage Doemon in "Sum˘ba", "Horikawa", "Unagidani", "Yoshinogawa" and "Gosho no Goroz˘".
November 1966: opening ceremony of the National Theatre in T˘ky˘ with the full length performance of the classic "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"; Nizaemon played the roles of Takebe Genz˘ and Terukuni [casting].
March 1972: Nizaemon received the prestigious title of Living National Treasure (Ningen Kokuh˘ in Japanese).
April 1976: the National Theatre produces the revival in 5 acts and 9 scenes of Namiki Gohei I's drama "Kinmon Gosan no Kiri"; Nizaemon played the roles of Hayakawa Takakage and Daibutsu Mochiya S˘emon [casting].
April 1981: revival at the National Theatre of Nishizawa Ipp˘'s drama "Keisei Hama no Masago"; Nizaemon played the roles of Taik˘ Hisayoshi and Kishida Minbu (in reality Shih˘ten Tajima-no-Kami) [casting].
1991: a great 8-hours long documentary dedicated to Nizaemon and called "Kabuki Yakusha: Kataoka Nizaemon" was directed by Haneda Sumiko.
26 March 1994: Nizaemon died.
Kataoka Nizaemon XIII was a tachiyaku and a wagotoshi of the Sh˘wa era. His career was one of the longest in Kabuki history (87 years from 1906 to 1993!) and in his latter years, though he almost lost his eyesight, he was still on top of the bill in difficult roles.
Kataoka Nizaemon XIII's best roles were Kameya Chűbŕ ("Fűin Giri"), Magoemon ("Ninokuchi-mura"), Kan Sh˘j˘ ("Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami") S˘roku (Go Taiheiki Shiraishi Banashi), Shigetada (Dan no Ura Kabuto Gunki), Fujiya Izaemon ("Kuruwa Bunsh˘") and Takechi Mitsuhide ("Ehon Taik˘ki").
Kataoka Nizaemon XIII playing the role of Momonoi Wakasanosuke in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura" (print made by Natori Shunsen in 1953)
The Kataoka Gat˘ line of actors
The Kataoka Nizaemon line of actors
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