|ICHIKAWA JUKAI III|
Real name: ďta Sh˘z˘
Line number: SANDAIME (III)
Existence: 12 July 1886 ~ 3 April 1971
Master: Ichikawa Kodanji V
Adoptive father: Ichikawa Sumiz˘ V
Brother: Ichikawa Yonezaemon
Adopted son: Ichikawa Raiz˘ VIII
Disciple: Ichikawa Sh˘haku
12 July 1886: born in T˘ky˘ in the district of Nihonbashi Kakigara-ch˘.
January 1903: Ichikawa Takamaru takes the name of Ichikawa Komanosuke at the Asakusaza.
1905: he is adopted by Ichikawa Sumiz˘ V.
May 1905: Ichikawa Komanosuke takes the name of Ichikawa T˘sh˘.
7 May 1906: his adoptive father Ichikawa Sumiz˘ V dies.
March 1907: Ichikawa T˘sh˘ takes the name of Ichikawa Sumiz˘ VI.
6 May 1922: his master Ichikawa Kodanji V dies.
February 1925: Katsu Hy˘z˘ I's drama "Kachi Zum˘ Ukina no Hanabure", commonly called "Shirafuji Genta", is revived at the Hong˘za, under the supervision of the writer Nagai Kafű; Sumiz˘ plays the roles of Tsugawa Mondo and Tsugawa Katsujir˘ [casting].
January 1935: premiere at the T˘ky˘ Gekij˘ of "Edo-j˘ no Ninj˘" and "Daini no Shisha", the first and second plays of Mayama Seika's cycle "Genroku Chűshingura"; Sumiz˘ plays the role of Lord Kat˘ in the former drama and the role of Ushioda Matanoj˘ in the latter drama [more details].
February 1939: premiere at the T˘ky˘ Gekij˘ of the second act of "Sengoku Yashiki", the ninth play of Mayama Seika's cycle "Genroku Chűshingura"; Sumiz˘ plays the role of the j˘shi Suzuki Gengoemon [casting].
February 1949: Ichikawa Sumiz˘ VI and his nephew Ichikawa Danjir˘ respectively take the names of Ichikawa Jukai III and Ichikawa Sumiz˘ VII at the ďsaka Kabukiza; Jukai plays the roles of Hosokawa Katsumoto, Hanakawado Sukeroku (in reality Soga Gor˘ Tokimune), Akita J˘nosuke and ďmori Hikoshichi Morinaga in "Meiboku Sendai Hagi", "Sukeroku", "Takatoki" and "ďmori Hikoshichi". The roles of Ikyű, Agemaki and Shinbŕ in "Sukeroku" are played by Ichikawa Sansh˘ V, Nakamura Ganjir˘ II and Nakamura Tomijűr˘ IV.
June 1949: Ichikawa Jukai III and Ichikawa Sumiz˘ VII celebrate their shűmei in Nagoya at the Misonoza; Jukai plays the roles of Yagyű Matajűr˘, the komus˘ Shiroz˘ (in reality Mionoya Shir˘ Kunitoshi), Sasaki Moritsuna and Yosabur˘ in "Nikaigasa Yagyű Jikki" (the k˘j˘ for this shűmei in Nagoya is staged within this drama!), "Shikorobiki", "Moritsuna Jin'ya" and "Kirare Yosa". The role of Otomi in "Kirare Yosa" is played by Onoe Kikujir˘ IV.
June 1949: Ichikawa Jukai III and Ichikawa Sumiz˘ VII celebrate their shűmei in Ky˘to at the Minamiza; Jukai plays the roles of the komus˘ Shiroz˘ (in reality Mionoya Shir˘ Kunitoshi), ďmori Hikoshichi Morinaga, Hosokawa Katsumoto and Heijir˘ (in reality Nezumi Koz˘ Jirokichi) in "Shikorobiki", "ďmori Hikoshichi", "Meiboku Sendai Hagi" and "Jirokichi Zange".
September 1950: Jukai plays at the ďsaka Kabukiza the roles of Oguri Hangan Kaneuji, Fukuoka Mitsugi, Shinkichi and Issun Tokubŕ in "Hime Kurabe Futaba Ez˘shi", "Ise Ondo Koi no Netaba", "Shinkei Kasane-ga-Fuchi" and "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami", which are staged in a program commemorating the 16th anniversary (17th memorial service) of the passing away of late Kataoka Nizaemon XI. The roles of Danshichi Kurobŕ and Tsuribune Sabu in "Natsu Matsuri" are played by Kataoka Gat˘ IV and Band˘ Minosuke VI.
July 1951: Ichikawa Jukai III, Ichikawa Sumiz˘ VII and Ichikawa Raiz˘ VIII celebrate their shűmei in T˘ky˘ at the Kabukiza; Jukai plays the roles of Kimura Shigenari, Takechi Jűjir˘ Mitsuyoshi and Kikuchi Hankur˘ in "Kiri Hitoha", "Ehon Taik˘ki" and "Toribeyama Shinjű". The role of Osome in "Toribeyama Shinjű" is played by Nakamura Tomijűr˘ IV.
1960: Jukai receives the prestigious title of Living National Treasure (Ningen Kokuh˘ in Japanese). He is the first Kabuki actor to receive this title!
February 1967: Jukai appears on stage in ďsaka for the last time, playing at the ďsaka Shinkabukiza the role of Sasaki Moritsuna in the drama "Moritsuna Jin'ya", which is staged in a program commemorating the 32th anniversary (33rd memorial service) of the passing away of late Nakamura Ganjir˘ I.
December 1969: Jukai plays at the Minamiza the role of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune in the drama Kotobuki Soga no Taimen; the roles of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune, Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari, Kobayashi no Asahina, the courtesan Kewaizaka no Sh˘sh˘ (Gor˘'s lover), the courtesan ďiso no Tora (Jűr˘'s lover) and Oni˘ Shinzaemon (Jűr˘'s retainer) are played by Onoe Sh˘roku II, Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XVII, Band˘ Mitsugor˘ VIII, Ichikawa Monnosuke VII, Nakamura Shikan VII and Kataoka Nizaemon XIII.
November 1970: Jukai plays at the Kabukiza the role of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune in the drama Kotobuki Soga no Taimen; the roles of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune, Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari, Kobayashi no Asahina, the courtesan Kewaizaka no Sh˘sh˘ (Gor˘'s lover), the courtesan ďiso no Tora (Jűr˘'s lover) and Oni˘ Shinzaemon (Jűr˘'s retainer) are played by Onoe Sh˘roku II, Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XVII, Band˘ Mitsugor˘ VIII, Kataoka Gad˘ V, Nakamura Utaemon VI and Kataoka Nizaemon XIII.
December 1970: Jukai appears on stage for the last time, in Ky˘to at the Minamiza, where he plays the role of the Sh˘gun Tokugawa Yoshinobu in the drama "Sh˘gun Edo o Saru".
3 April 1971: Jukai dies.
Ichikawa Jukai III was an outstanding tachiyaku actor, excelling in nimaime roles. From the end of the Meiji era to the first decade of the Sh˘wa era, he was an active member of the troupe led by Ichikawa Sadanji II, which was involved in the creations of many Shinkabuki dramas, written by playwrights like Mayama Seika or Okamoto Kid˘. After the death of Ichikawa Sadanji II, he worked a lot with Ichikawa Ennosuke II for the creation of new plays. Then, he went to ďsaka in 1943 and made a very successful duo with his stage partner Band˘ Jusabur˘ III, which was nicknamed Futatsu Kotobuki, "The Two Kotobuki", because both actors had the ideogram Kotobuki (the meaning of this word is "congratulations" and another of its reading is Ju) in their first name. He was born in T˘ky˘ but spent enough time in the Kamigata Kabuki world to be labeled as a Kamigata actor. He became a great fukeyaku in his latter years.
Ichikawa Jukai III's best roles: Kataoka Naojir˘ ("Naozamurai"/"Kumo ni Magou Ueno no Hatsuhana"), Sasaki Moritsuna ("Moritsuna Jin'ya"), Hankur˘ ("Toribeyama Shinjű"), Kimura Shigenari ("Kiri Hitoha"), Tokugawa Tsunatoyo ("Ohama Goten"), Ki no Aritsune ("Hade Kurabe Ise Monogatari") and Minamoto no Yoriie ("Yoritomo no Shi").
The Ichikawa Sumiz˘ line of actors
The Ichikawa Jukai line of actors
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