ICHIKAWA DANZď VI

Stage names:

Ichikawa Danz˘ VI In Japanese
Ichikawa Kuz˘ II In Japanese
Ichikawa Hakuz˘ I In Japanese
Ichikawa Momotar˘ I In Japanese
Ichikawa Sanz˘ I In Japanese
Ichikawa Teruyo I In Japanese

Guild: Mikawaya

Line number: ROKUDAIME (VI)

Poetry names: San'en, Dan'en

Existence: 1800 ~ 22nd day of the 10th lunar month of 1871 [1]

Connection:

Father: Ichikawa Aragor˘ I

Master: Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VII

Adopted mother: Ichikawa Danz˘ V's widow

Son: Ichikawa Teruyo II

Adopted son: Ichikawa Danz˘ VII

Disciples: Ichikawa Hakunosuke, Ichikawa Danzabur˘ VII

Career:

1800: born in Edo. He was the son of the actor Ichikawa Aragor˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1805: he made his first stage appearance, in Edo at the Kawarasakiza, where he received the name of Ichikawa Teruyo I and performed in the drama "Ch˘ Hanagata Koi Muko Genji".

9th day of the 10th lunar month of 1808 [2]: Ichikawa Danz˘ IV died in ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1813: Teruyo became the disciple of Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VII, who gave him the name of Ichikawa Sanz˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1816: Ichikawa Sanz˘ I took the name of Ichikawa Momotar˘ I at the Kawarasakiza, performing in the kaomise drama "Kiyomori Eiga no Utena", which also celebrated the shűmei of ďtani Bajű II, S˘ry˘ Jinroku II, Sakata Hanjűr˘, Band˘ Matajűr˘ III, Tsuuchi Monzabur˘ III and Ichikawa Kodanji III.

3rd lunar month of 1817: premiere at the Kawarasakiza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's masterpiece "Sakura Hime Azuma Bunsh˘"; Momotar˘ played the role of Yoshida no Matsuwakamaru [casting].

1825: Momotar˘ achieved a great success at the ďnishi no Shibai (ďsaka) by playing the difficult role of Akoya in the drama "Dan no Ura Kabuto Gunki".

1828: tour in the Island of Shikoku, Shimonoseki and the Island of Kyűshű.

1831: he went back to ďsaka and took the name of Ichikawa Hakuz˘ I.

Fall 1835: Hakuz˘ went back to Edo after 11 years spent in Kamigata or on tour.

11th lunar month of 1835: he took the name of Ichikawa Kuz˘ II [3] at the Moritaza, performing in the drama "Hanayagura Kabuki no Jintori".

4th lunar month of 1836: premiere at the Moritaza of the drama "Hakkenden Uwasa no Takadono"; Kuz˘ played the roles of Inukai Genpachi Nobumichi, Inusaka Keno, Horiuchi Kurando Sadayuki, Yamabayashi Fusahachi and the monk Hakuunb˘ [casting].

7th lunar month of 1836: premiere at the Ichimuraza of the dance-drama "Shinobi Yoru Koi no Kusemono". The roles of Princess Takiyasha and Mitsukuni were played by Kuz˘ and Ichimura Uzaemon XII.

11th lunar month of 1838: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Nakamura Jűsuke IV's Tokiwazu-based dance "Hanabutai Kasumi no Saruhiki", commonly called "Utsubo Zaru"; Kuz˘ played the role of the female lord [casting].

3rd lunar month of 1840: premiere at the Kawarasakiza of the dance-drama "Kanjinch˘"; Kuz˘ played the role of Togashi [more details].

3rd lunar month of 1842: Kuz˘ played at the Kawarasakiza the role of Shigetada in the drama "Kagekiyo"; his stage partners were Ichikawa Ebiz˘ V (Kagekiyo) and Onoe Eizabur˘ III (Akoya).

1st lunar month of 1845: premiere at the Nakamuraza of Sakurada Jisuke III's dance-drama "Awa Mochi"; Kuz˘ played the role of an awa mochi maker [more details].

6th day of the 6th lunar month of 1845 [4]: Ichikawa Danz˘ V died in ďsaka.

7th lunar month of 1852: premiere at the Kawarasakiza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Jiraiya G˘ketsu Monogatari"; Kuz˘ played the roles of Fűki Tar˘, Yashagor˘ and Senso D˘jin [casting].

8th lunar month of 1852: Kuz˘ was adopted by the widow of the actor Ichikawa Danz˘ V.

10th lunar month of 1852: Ichikawa Kuz˘ II took the name of Ichikawa Danz˘ VI at the Kado no Shibai (ďsaka), performing in the drama "Kin'ugyoku to Wakoku no Irifune".

1st lunar month of 1853: Danz˘ played at the Kado no Shibai the role of Akoya in the drama "Kagekiyo"; his stage partners were Ichikawa Ebiz˘ V (Kagekiyo) and Kataoka Gad˘ II (Shigetada).

5th lunar month of 1854: Danz˘ plays for the first time the role of Shunkan in the drama "Heike Nyogo no Shima", which was staged at the Chikugo no Shibai (ďsaka); his stage partners were Nakamura Tamashichi I (Chidori) and Arashi Rikaku II (Senoo Tar˘).

4th lunar month of 1856: tour in Ise; Danz˘ plays for the second time the role of the exiled priest Shunkan in the drama "Heike Nyogo no Shima", which was staged at the Naka-no-Jiz˘ no Shibai; his stage partners were Fujikawa Tomokichi III (Chidori) and Nakayama Ichiz˘ (Senoo Jűr˘).

6th lunar month of 1856: tour in Nagoya; Danz˘ plays for the third time the role of the exiled priest Shunkan in the drama "Heike Nyogo no Shima", which was staged at the Wakamiya no Shibai; his stage partners were the same as the 4th lunar month performance.

9th lunar month of 1856: Danz˘ went back to Edo; he achieved a great success at the Nakamuraza by playing the roles of Akoya, Kagekiyo and Masayuki in the drama "Hatsuyuki Tomimasu no Kagekiyo".

5th lunar month of 1857: Danz˘ played at the Moritaza the role of Otoku in the drama "Keisei Hangonk˘"; the role of Matahei was played by Nakamura Fukusuke I.

6th ~ 7th lunar months of 1858: tour in K˘fu; Danz˘ plays for the fourth and last time the role of exiled priest Shunkan in the drama "Heike Nyogo no Shima", which was staged at the Kameyaza.

5th lunar month of 1859: Danz˘ played at the Moritaza the role of Tsuribune Sabu in the drama "Z˘ho Natsu Matsuri Otoko Kagami"; his stage partners in the roles of Danshichi Kurobŕ, Tokubŕ and Otatsu were Nakamura Fukusuke I, Ichikawa Kuz˘ III and Arashi Hinasuke VI.

1st lunar month of 1860: the 1762 puppet drama "Kishi no Himematsu Kutsuwa Kagami" (commonly called "Kishi Hime") was adapted for the first time to Kabuki, in Edo at the Moritaza; it was integrated within the new year sogamono drama "Momo Chidori Nigiwai Soga" and Danz˘ played the role of Iihara Hy˘e Suekage [casting].

3rd lunar month of 1862: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Aoto Z˘shi Hana no Nishikie" (commonly called "Shiranami Gonin Otoko"), in which Danz˘ played the role of Hamamatsuya K˘bŕ [casting].

8th lunar month of 1870: Danz˘ took part in the performance of the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura", co-produced by the Ichimuraza and the Nakamuraza.

Fall 1870: Danz˘ went on tour in Nagoya, performing at the Tachibana no Shibai. Then, he settled in ďsaka and fell seriously ill.

22nd day of the 10th lunar month of 1871 [1]: Danz˘ died in ďsaka.

Comments:

Ichikawa Danz˘ VI was a talented tachiyaku, who made a name for himself in Edo, ďsaka and Ky˘to (as did his two predecessors in the line). Able to play in both jidaimono and sewamono, he was particularly appreciated in wagoto or bud˘goto roles. He was also able to play female roles, like Akoya in the drama "Dan no Ura Kabuto Gunki". He had the reputation to be reluctant to play extravagant roles and, just like Ichikawa Danz˘ V, gave importance to both realism and classicism in his way of acting.

Ichikawa Danz˘ VI gathered eight roles popularized by Ichikawa Danz˘ I and Ichikawa Danz˘ II in a special collection called Kogeki no Hasshu. This long-forgotten collection included the roles of Taira no Kagekiyo, Aoto Saemon and ďmori Hikoshichi.

[1] The 22nd day of the 10th lunar month of the 4th year of the Meiji era was the 4th of December 1871 in the western calendar.

[2] The 9th day of the 10th lunar month of the 5th year of the Bunka era was the 26th of November 1808 in the western calendar.

[3] The long-forgotten name of Ichikawa Kuz˘ was first held by Ichikawa Danjűr˘ II from the 5th lunar month of 1697 to the 6th lunar month of 1704. Then it was held by Ichikawa Kuz˘ from the 11th lunar month of 1718 to the 7th lunar month of 1720, who was never considered as an official holder of the name.

[4] The 6th day of the 6th lunar month of the 2nd year of the K˘ka era was the 10th of July 1845 in the western calendar.

Ichikawa Danz˘ VI playing the role of Akoya in a print made by Utagawa Kunisada I (1851~1853)

Print made by Utagawa Kuniyoshi in 1847

Print made by Utagawa Kuniyoshi in 1852

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1852 (courtesy of V.)

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1857

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1861

Print made by Utagawa Yoshitsuya in 1862

The Ichikawa Teruyo line of actors

The Ichikawa Momotar˘ line of actors

The Ichikawa Hakuz˘ line of actors

The Ichikawa Kuz˘ line of actors

The Ichikawa Danz˘ line of actors

 
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