|NAKAMURA SHIKAN IV|
Line number: YODAIME (IV)
Existence: 3rd day of the 3rd lunar month of 1831 ~ 16 January 1899
Father: Nakamura Tomishir˘
Brother: Nakamura Fukusuke II
Adoptive father: Nakamura Utaemon IV
Disciples: Nakamura Kansuke II, Nakamura Kan'emon I
1831 ~ 1838: born in ďsaka. He is the son of Nakamura Tomishir˘, first a disciple of Nakamura Tomijűr˘ II then a theater t˘dori. He starts his career at an early age and plays under the names of Nakamura Tamatar˘ I, Nakamura Komasabur˘ and Nakamura Masanosuke I.
1838: he is adopted by Nakamura Utaemon IV and they go together to Edo.
1st lunar month of 1843: premiere at the Ichimuraza of the dance "Kashiragaki Ise Monogatari" (commonly called "Noriaibune"), which is staged within the new year drama "Kioi Uta Soga no Hanadashi"; Fukusuke is one of the seven dancers [more details].
2nd lunar month of 1852: his adoptive father Nakamura Utaemon IV dies; Fukusuke goes back to Edo.
1856: tour in Ise.
5th lunar month of 1859: Fukusuke plays at the Moritaza the role of Danshichi Kurobŕ in the drama "Z˘ho Natsu Matsuri Otoko Kagami". His stage partners in the roles of Tokubŕ, Sabu and Otatsu are Ichikawa Kuz˘ III, Ichikawa Danz˘ VI and Arashi Hinasuke VI.
7th lunar month of 1860: Nakamura Fukusuke I takes the name of Nakamura Shikan IV at the Nakamuraza, where he plays the roles of Shihei and Sh˘getsuni in the drama "Tenmangű Megumi no Kamimagaki" and Sanbas˘ in the dance "Na mo Kaete Shosa no Mitsugumi", and at the Moritaza, where he plays the roles of Gotohei in the drama "Yoshitsune Koshigoej˘".
3rd lunar month of 1862: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Aoto Z˘shi Hana no Nishikie" (commonly called "Shiranami Gonin Otoko"); Shikan plays the role of Nang˘ Rikimaru [casting].
4th lunar month of 1864: premiere at the Moritaza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Wakaba no Ume Ukina no Yokogushi" (commonly called "Kirare Otomi"); Shikan plays the role of Genzaemon [casting]. He also plays the role of Ishikawa Goemon in the drama "Sanmon Gosan no Kiri"; the role of Mashiba Hisayoshi is played by Sawamura Tossh˘ II.
3rd lunar month of 1870: premiere at the Moritaza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Kusunoki-ryű Hanami no Makuhari" (commonly called "Keian Taiheiki" or "Marubashi Chűya"); Shikan played the roles of Uji J˘etsu, the ghost of Kusunoki Masashige and Masuda Hachiemon [more details].
11th lunar month of 1871: Shikan plays the roles of Tokaiya Ginpei, Taira no Tomomori, Kajiwara Kagetoki and Yokawa no Zenji Kakuhan in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura", which is coproduced by both the Nakamuraza and the Ichimuraza.
1st lunar month of 1872: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the drama "Ume Ky˘dai Naniwa Senki" (one act has survived and became the independent drama "Kimura Nagato-no-Kami"); Shikan played the roles of Sanada Yukimura, the farmer K˘saku and Tokugawa Ieyasu [casting].
February 1886: Shikan plays at the Ichimuraza the role of Shunkan in the drama "Heike Nyogo no Shima". His stage partners are Nakamura Fukusuke IV (Chidori), Kataoka Gad˘ III (Tanzaemon Motoyasu) and Seki Sanjűr˘ IV (Senoo Tar˘).
September 1889: premiŔre at the Chitoseza of Kawatake Shinshichi III's Tokiwazu-based dance-drama "Kumo no Ito Oyozume Banashi"; Shikan plays several roles, including the Spirit of the Spider (kumo no sei) and Hirai Yasumasa [more details].
October 1898: Shikan plays at the Engiza the role of Yokawa no Zenji Kakuhan in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".
Nakamura Shikan IV was a great Meiji actor, who achieved fame for himself all over Japan (he toured a lot). He was equally at home in sewamono and jidaimono dramas, able to play almost any kind of role as tachiyaku, katakiyaku or even onnagata. He created many kata and some of them are still sometimes revived, like the ones for the role of Kumagai Jir˘ Naozane in the "Kumagai Jin'ya" scene of the classic "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki".
His rivalry with Band˘ Hikosabur˘ V was one of the hottest in Kabuki history: "So nearly matched in ability were Shikan and Hikosabur˘, with but two years' difference in their ages, that they were pitted against each other, and their patrons often indulged in fights over them. During a performance, when these actors were playing together, they came through the audience by way of the two hanamichi, the one to the right of the stage a mere footpath, that to the left a platform that was in reality a continuation of the stage proper. They quarrelled as to who should take the main hanamichi, and the dispute waxed so hot that they finally drew lots to settle the matter." (ZoŰ Kincaid in "Kabuki, the Popular Stage of Japan")
The Nakamura Tamatar˘ line of actors
The Nakamura Masanosuke line of actors
The Nakamura Fukusuke line of actors
The Nakamura Shikan line of actors
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