ICHIKAWA YAOZď II

Stage names:

Ichikawa Yaoz˘ II In Japanese
Nakamura Denz˘ I In Japanese

Others names:

Ichikawa Chűsha II In Japanese
Nakamura Dennoj˘ In Japanese
Toyotake Izumidayű In Japanese

Guilds: Tachibanaya, H˘raiya, Yoshimuraya

Line number: NIDAIME (II)

Poetry name: Chűsha (2)

Existence: 1735 ~ 3rd day of the 7th lunar month of 1777 [1]

Connections:

Father-in-law: Nakamura Kanzabur˘ VI

Brother-in-law: Ichikawa Yaoz˘ I

Masters: Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IV, Nakamura Denkur˘ II (Nakamura Kanzabur˘ VIII)

Son: Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XI

Grandsons: Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XII, Nakamura Katsujűr˘ II

Great-grandsons: Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XIII, Nakamura Jusabur˘ II

Great-great-grandson: Nakamura Akashi V (Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XV)

Great-great-great-granddaughter: Nakamura Fujiko (Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XVI)

Career:

1735: born in Edo. His father was a shitateya named Kichibŕ, who lived in the district of Tomizawa-ch˘. His real name as a child was Kamekichi. He started his career as a puppet theater singer. His master was Toyotake Hizennoj˘ and his stage name was Toyotake Izumidayű.

1751: he became disciple of the actor Nakamura Denkur˘ II, who gave him the name of Nakamura Denz˘ I.

8th lunar month of 1756: Denz˘ played at the Nakamuraza the role of Terukuni in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

19th day of the 10th lunar month of 1759 [2]: Ichikawa Yaoz˘ I died in Edo.

Fall 1761: Denz˘ played at the Nakamuraza the role of Araoka Genta in the drama "Tsuizen Nana Komachi", which commemorated the 2nd anniversary (3rd memorial service) of late Ichikawa Yaoz˘ I. People were amazed by the striking physical resemblance between Ichikawa Yaoz˘ I and Denz˘. His master Nakamura Denkur˘ II introduces him to the family of the late actor and Denz˘ gets married with the sister of Ichikawa Yaoz˘ I.

2nd lunar month of 1763: first Kabuki adaptation of the puppet theater drama "ďshű Adachi-ga-Hara", which was staged at the Moritaza; Denz˘ played the role of Shigasaki Ikomanosuke [casting|illustrations].

11th lunar month of 1763: he became disciple of Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IV and took the name of Ichikawa Yaoz˘ II at the Nakamuraza, performing in the kaomise drama "Daij˘bu Takadachi Jikki".

5th lunar month of 1764: Yaoz˘ played in the same theater the role of Terukuni in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

11th lunar month of 1764: Yaoz˘ performed at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "Azuma no Hana S˘ma no Dairi".

5th lunar month of 1765: Yaoz˘ played in the same theater the role of Hayano Kanpei in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

11th lunar month of 1765: Yaoz˘ played at the Nakamuraza the role of Han'ya Gor˘ in the kaomise drama "Kagura Uta Amagoi Komachi", which celebrated the shűmei of Iwai Hanshir˘ IV.

5th lunar month of 1766: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the play "Yaoya Oshichi Koi no Edozome"; Yaoz˘ played the role of Goshaku Somegor˘.

11th lunar month of 1766: Yaoz˘ moved to the Ichimuraza and played the roles of Hashiba Hisayoshi and the superhero of the "Shibaraku" scene in the kaomise drama "Higashiyama Dono Kabuki no Tsuitachi".

1st lunar month of 1767: Yaoz˘ played in the same theater the roles of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Kichisa in the new year sogamono drama "Soga Yawaragi Soga"; the roles of Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari and Yaoya Oshichi (the girl in love with Kichisa) were played by Ichimura Uzaemon IX and Segawa Kikunoj˘ II.

2nd lunar month of 1767: first Kabuki adaptation, at the Ichimuraza, of Chikamatsu Hanji's puppet theater drama "Taiheiki Chűshin K˘shaku"; Yaoz˘ played the roles of En'ya Hangan and Hayano Kanpei [casting].

3rd lunar month of 1767: Yaoz˘ played in the same theater the role of Hiranoya Tokubŕ in the drama "Yoni ďsaka Nitsui Meoto", which mixed Chikamatsu Monzaemon's dramas "Sonezaki Shinjű" and "Shinjű Yoi K˘shin"; the role of Tokubŕ's lover, the courtesan Tenmaya Ohatsu, was played by Segawa Kikunoj˘ II.

7th lunar month of 1767: Yaoz˘ played in the same theater the role of Minamoto no Yoshitsune in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

11th lunar month of 1767: Yaoz˘ moved to the Nakamuraza and played the role of Shinozuka Iga-no-Kami (the superhero of the "Shibaraku" scene) in the kaomise drama "Taiheiki Shizu no Furisode".

1st lunar month of 1768: Yaoz˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-(shiro)kichi (superior - superior - (white) excellent) [visual].

4th lunar month of 1768: Yaoz˘ played in the same theater the role of Hayano Kanpei in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura"; the role of Okaru was played by Segawa Kikunoj˘ II.

7th lunar month of 1768: Yaoz˘ played in the same theater the role of Ume˘maru in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"; the roles of Matsu˘maru and Sakuramaru were played by Matsumoto K˘shir˘ III and Ichikawa Komaz˘ II.

11th lunar month of 1768: Yaoz˘ performed at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "Ima o Sakari Suehiro Genji", which celebrated the arrival in Edo of Nakamura Utaemon I and the shűmei of Osagawa Tsuneyo II.

1st lunar month of 1769: Yaoz˘ played in the same theater the role of Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari in the new year sogamono drama "Soga Moy˘ Aigo no Wakamatsu"; the roles of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune (Soga brothers' enemy) were played by Matsumoto K˘shir˘ III and Nakamura Utaemon I.

11th lunar month of 1769: Yaoz˘ performed at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "Kawaranu Hanasakae Hachinoki".

1st lunar month of 1770: Yaoz˘ performed in the same theater in the new year sogamono drama "Kagamigaike Omokage Soga".

6th lunar month of 1770: Yaoz˘ played in the same theater the role of Chűbŕ in Sakurada Jisuke I's drama "Katakiuchi Chűk˘ Kagami".

11th lunar month of 1770: Yaoz˘ performed at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "Nue no Mori Ichiy˘ no Mato", which celebrated the shűmei of Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V, Matsumoto K˘shir˘ II, Nakamura Sh˘ch˘, Ichikawa Monnosuke II, Nakamura Shichisabur˘ III and Band˘ Sanpachi II.

1st lunar month of 1771: Yaoz˘ played in the same theater the role of Ky˘ no Jir˘ in the new year sogamono drama "Sakaich˘ Soga no Nendaiki".

3rd lunar month of 1771: Yaoz˘ played in the same theater the role of Hiranoya Tokubŕ in the Miyakoji-based dance-drama "Oborozuki Tsui no Someginu", which gathered in the same michiyuki the couples of lovers Tokubŕ/Ohatsu ("Sonezaki Shinjű"), Ochiyo/Hanbŕ ("Shinjű Yoi K˘shin") and Osome/Hisamatsu; the role of Tokubŕ's lover, the courtesan Tenmaya Ohatsu, was played by Iwai Hanshir˘ IV.

4th lunar month of 1771: Yaoz˘ played in the same theater the roles of En'ya Hangan and Amakawaya Gihei in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

11th lunar month of 1771: Yaoz˘ played at the Nakamuraza the role of Munesada in the kaomise drama "Kuni no Hana Ono no Itsumoji".

11th lunar month of 1772: Yaoz˘ played at the Nakamuraza the roles of Oyamada Tar˘, Katagiri Yashichi and Ashikaga Motouji in the kaomise drama "ďyoroi Ebid˘ Shinozuka", which celebrated the shűmei of Ichikawa Ebiz˘ III, Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV and Ichikawa Komaz˘ III.

1st lunar month of 1773: Yaoz˘ played in the same theater the roles of Midajir˘ and Soga Gor˘ Tokimune in the new year sogamono drama "Wada Sakamori Eiga Kagami". He also played the role of Hiranoya Tokubŕ in the second part (nibanme) of the new year program, which was similar to Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Sonezaki Shinjű"; the role of Tokubŕ's lover, the courtesan Tenmaya Ohatsu, was played by Iwai Hanshir˘ IV.

9th lunar month of 1773: Yaoz˘ played in the same theater the role of Takebe Genz˘ in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"; the roles of Matsu˘maru and Kan Sh˘j˘ were played by Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV and Nakamura Sh˘ch˘.

11th lunar month of 1773: Yaoz˘ moved to the Moritaza and played the roles of Harata Rokur˘ (the superhero of the "Shibaraku" scene), Naniwa Sabur˘ and Aoto Magosabur˘ Fujitsuna in the kaomise drama "Onna Aruji Hatsuyuki no Sekai".

1st lunar month of 1774: Yaoz˘ played in the same theater the role of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune in Horikoshi Saiy˘'s new year sogamono drama "Kite Hajime Hatsugai Soga"; the roles of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune and Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari were played by Nakamura Jűz˘ II and Band˘ Mitsugor˘ I.

4th lunar month of 1774: Yaoz˘ played in the same theater the roles of Teraoka Heiemon and Hayano Kanpei in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

11th lunar month of 1774: Yaoz˘ moved to the Ichimuraza and played the roles of Hachi˘maru Aratora and ďdate Samanosuke (most likely the superhero of the "Shibaraku" scene) in Horikoshi Saiy˘'s kaomise drama "Chigo Sakura Jűsangane".

2nd lunar month of 1775: Yaoz˘ played in the same theater the role of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune in Horikoshi Saiy˘'s new year sogamono drama "Sakae Soga Kagura no Taiko"; the role of Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari was played by Arashi Sangor˘ II.

9th lunar month of 1775: Yaoz˘ played in the same theater the role of Abe no Yasuna in the drama "Ashiya D˘man ďuchi Kagami"; the role of Kuzu-no-Ha was played by Yoshizawa sakinosuke III.

11th lunar month of 1775: Yaoz˘ played at the Ichimuraza in the kaomise drama "Oyafune Taiheiki"; his stage partners were Ichikawa Ebiz˘ III, Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV, Iwai Hanshir˘ IV and Nakamura Noshio I. This kaomise was a huge success, starting the 1st day of the 11th lunar month and ending the 15th day of the 12th lunar month.

1st lunar month of 1776: Yaoz˘ played in the same theater the roles of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Danzabur˘ in the new year drama "Kamuri Kotoba Soga no Yukari"; the roles of Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari and Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune were played by Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV and Ichikawa Ebiz˘ III.

3rd lunar month of 1776: Yaoz˘ played in the same theater the role of Sukeroku in the drama "Sukeroku Yukari no Hatsuzakura"; the roles of Agemaki and the villain Ikyű were played by Iwai Hanshir˘ IV and Sakata Hangor˘ II. The performance was a huge success and a long run but, in the middle of the 5th lunar month, both Yaoz˘ and Sakata Hangor˘ II fell sick and had to be replaced by Ichimura Uzaemon IX and Ichikawa Ebiz˘ III.

7th lunar month of 1776: Yaoz˘ played in the same theater the role of Sakuramaru in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"; his stage partners were Ichimura Uzaemon IX (Ume˘maru), Ichikawa Ebiz˘ III (Matsu˘maru, Kan Sh˘j˘), Nakamura Noshio I (Matsu˘maru's wife Chiyo), Sakata Hangor˘ II (Matsu˘maru's father Shiratayű) and Nakajima Mihoemon II (Fujiwara no Shihei).

11th lunar month of 1776: Yaoz˘ performed at the Ichimuraza in the kaomise drama "Sugata no Hana Yuki no Kuronushi". This was also the premiere at the Ichimuraza of Sakurada Jisuke I's Tomimoto-based dance-drama "Momo Yogiku Iro no Yo no Naka"; Yaoz˘ played the role of Shii no Sh˘sh˘ [casting].

1st lunar month of 1777: Yaoz˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was one black stroke below j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual]. Yaoz˘ played in the same theater the roles of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune, Akogi Heiji, Kajiwara Heiji Kagetaka and the otokodate Ume no Yoshibŕ in the new year program "Tsukisenu Haru Hagoromo Soga; the roles of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune and Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari were played by Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V and Ichimura Uzaemon IX. For the first time in Kabuki history, chiwata threads were used in the bloody murder of the priest Dainichib˘ by Akoya. This new technique was very well received by the audience.

5th lunar month of 1777: Yaoz˘ played in the same theater the roles of Minamoto Yoshiie (Hachiman Tar˘) and Bunji in the drama "ďshű Adachi-ga-Hara".

Summer 1777: the book "Yakusha Sensakuron" ("About actors prying") was published in Edo. It gives some private information on actors. Edo readers learn that Yaoz˘ lives in the district of Izumi-ch˘ and his yearly salary was 700 ry˘.

7th lunar month of 1777: Yaoz˘ was expected to play at the Ichimuraza the roles of Mikawaya Kanzabur˘ and Issun Tokubŕ in the drama "Naniwagata Imose no Irifune" but he suddenly fell ill.

3rd day of the 7th lunar month of 1777 [1]: Yaoz˘ died in Edo.

Comments:

Ichikawa Yaoz˘ II was a popular and talented tachiyaku, excelling in aragoto and wagoto, 2 opposite styles. He died before reaching the peak of his career and his last rank in the Edo hy˘banki was slightly below j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent). His popularity among the female audience was such that the water he dived into while playing the role of Sukeroku was sold to his fans at high prices.

Ichikawa Yaoz˘ II's best roles: Hayano Kanpei ("Kanadehon Chűshingura"), the superhero of the "Shibaraku" scene, Hiranoya Tokubŕ ("Sonezaki Shinjű"), Soga Gor˘ Tokimune (sogamono).

[1] The 3rd day of the 7th lunar month of the 6th year of the An'ei era was the 5th of August 1777 in the western calendar.

[2] The 19th day of the 10th lunar month of the 9th year of the H˘reki era was the 8th of December 1759 in the western calendar.

Ichikawa Yaoz˘ II in a print made by Katsukawa Shunsh˘

Prints & Illustrations

2 faces

Print made by Kitao Shigemasa in 1767

Print made by Katsukawa Shunsh˘ in 1774

Print made by Katsukawa Shunsh˘ in 1776

The Ichikawa Chűsha line of actors

The Ichikawa Yaoz˘ line of actors

 
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