Playwright names:

Chikamatsu Tokuz˘ In Japanese
Chikamatsu Tokus˘ In Japanese
Chikamatsu Tokuz˘ In Japanese

Other name: ďmasuya Tokuemon

Guild: ďmasuya

Poetry name: Gary˘

Existence: 1751 ~ 23rd day of the 8th lunar month of 1810


Master: Chikamatsu Hanji

Son: Kanazawa Issen

Disciples: Chikamatsu Monky˘, Chikamatsu Jisuke, Chikamatsu Kaz˘, Chikamatsu Manbŕ, Chikamatsu Tokubŕ, Chikamatsu Tokuji, Sawaarashi T˘r˘


1751~1780s: born in Kamigata; fan of the ningy˘ j˘ruri puppet theater since his childhood, he becomes disciple of Chikamatsu Hanji and receives the name Chikamatsu Tokuz˘ at unknown times.

1784: he takes the name of Chikamatsu Tokus˘.

11th lunar month of 1787: Tokus˘ becomes tatesakusha in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai, where he writes the kaomise drama "Masaru Medetaki Toshi no Kaomise", which is produced by Nakayama Fukuz˘; the main actors are Onoe Shinshichi I, Asao Tamejűr˘ I, Yoshizawa Iroha I, Kagaya Kashichi I, Nakamura Jiroza II, Yamamura Tomoemon I, Hanagiri Tomimatsu I, Nakamura Tomosabur˘, Nakamura Ky˘jűr˘ II, Arashi Bungor˘ I, Nakamura Kumenosuke and Onoe Tamiz˘ I.

7th lunar month of 1789: premiere at the Kado no Shibai of Namiki Gohei I and Tokus˘ drama "Kanjin Kanmon Tekuda no Hajimari" [more details].

1st lunar month of 1793: premiere at the Naka no Shibai of the ni-no-kawari drama "Keisei Yanagi Zakura", the first yanagisawa-s˘d˘mono in Kabuki history, written by Tatsuoka Mansaku and Tokus˘ [more details].

1st lunar month ~ 3rd lunar month of 1794: premiere of Tatsuoka Mansaku's drama "Keisei Haru no Tori", which is famous for its "Umagiri" scene and is produced by the zamoto Asao Okujir˘ I in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai [more details]. Tokus˘ and Nagawa Shimesuke I work with Tatsuoka Mansaku on this drama.

11th lunar month of 1794: Tokus˘ worked in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai, along with Tatsuoka Mansaku and Morita Monky˘, on the kaomise drama "Tatematsuru Chibako no Tamamono".

7th lunar month of 1795: premiere of Tokus˘'s play "Sarumawashi Kadode no Hitofushi" in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai.

11th lunar month of 1795: he takes the name of Chikamatsu Tokuz˘ and writes, along with Tatsuoka Mansaku and Namiki Sh˘z˘ II, the kaomise drama "Ichiban Yari T˘kai Suzuri", which is produced by Fujikawa Hachiz˘ III (who celebrates his shűmei) at the Kado no Shibai; others main actors are Nakayama Bunshichi II, Sawamura Kunitar˘ I, Arashi Hinasuke II, Arashi Koroku III, Nakayama Bungor˘ I, Yoshizawa Iroha I, Mimasu Matsugor˘ I, Yamamura Giemon II, Yamamura Tomoemon I and Asao Sennosuke.

4th lunar month of 1796: premiere at the Kado no Shibai of the drama "Hade Kurabe Ishikawa-zome", written by Tokuz˘, Tatsuoka Mansaku and Namiki Sh˘z˘ II [more details].

7th lunar month of 1796: premiere of Tokuz˘'s play "Ise Ondo Koi no Netaba" in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai [casting].

11th lunar month of 1797: Tokuz˘ writes the kaomise drama "Mote Hayasu Manry˘ no Tachibana", which is produced by Nakayama Yosabur˘ II at the Kado no Shibai.

11th lunar month of 1809: Tokuz˘ writes the kaomise drama "Keishoku Yuki-miru Yama", which is produced at the Kado no Shibai by Mimasu Kumesabur˘ and stars Nakayama Hyakka, Yoshizawa Ayame V, Arashi Kichisabur˘ II, Asao Kuzaemon I, Nakayama Shinkur˘ III, Nakamura Daikichi I, Kan˘ Minshi I and Asao Okuyama III.

1st lunar month of 1810: premiere at the Kado no Shibai of Tokuz˘ and Namiki Miyosuke ni-no-kawari drama "Keisei Sato no Funauta" [casting].

23rd day of the 8th lunar month of 1810: Tokuz˘ dies in ďsaka.


Chikamatsu Tokuz˘ was an important Kamigata playwright, who fathered more than 80 dramas. He excelled in writing sewamono and oiemono dramas. When Namiki Gohei I left ďsaka to settle in Edo in Fall 1794, the two leading playwrights in Kamigata were Chikamatsu Tokuz˘ and Tatsuoka Mansaku. The former one excelled in writing sewamono while the latter one was the jidaimono expert. Around 1804~1806, Chikamatsu Tokuz˘ wrote a script, which was entitled "Asagao Nikki", the plot of which was suggested to him by a poem on the morning-glory and a folklore story.

"After working in the puppet theater, Tokuz˘ eventually became a playwright for the Kabuki theater, where he pioneered innovative ways of bringing contemporary news and events to the stage, as well as modernizing old plays and adapting yomihon ("books for reading," a fiction genre flourishing in Kamigata, featuring lengthy stories filled with romance and heroic figures, plus a dash of didacticism)"

The name of Chikamatsu Tokuz˘ in a 1796 ďsaka hy˘banki (the name within the red box); all the names were the sakusha at the Kado no Shibai (the most important ones being Tatsuoka Mansaku and Namiki Sh˘z˘ II)

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