Pen name: Matsuda Hyakka
Poetry name: Hyakka
Existence: ??? ~ 1764 (?)
Master: Matsushima Hanshichi II
Disciple: Matsushima Sakuya II (?)
Winter 1711 (1st lunar month?): Hy˘tar˘'s name appears for the first time on the Kabuki playbill of a major theater; he plays the role of Sakura no Naishi in the drama "Onna Sh˘j˘", which is produced in ďsaka by Arashi San'emon III.
11th lunar month of 1717: Hy˘tar˘ plays in ďsaka at the Higashi no Shibai the role of Hikokur˘'s ny˘b˘ Fujinami in the kaomise drama "Meryű Oryű Kogane no Uroko", which is produced by Arashi San'emon III.
1st lunar month of 1720: first Kabuki adaptation of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's puppet theater drama "Heike Nyogo no Shima", which is produced by Takeshima K˘zaemon II in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai; Hy˘tar˘ plays the role of Chidori [casting].
12th lunar month of 1722: first Kabuki adaptation of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's puppet theater drama "Nebiki no Kadomatsu", which was originally written in the 1st lunar month of 1718. The play is staged in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai under the new title "Yamazaki Yojibŕ Hanchű Bushi"; Hy˘tar˘ plays the role of the courtesan Fujiya Azuma [casting].
Fall 1724: Hy˘tar˘ goes to Edo.
11th lunar month of 1724: Hy˘tar˘ plays at the Ichimuraza the role of Chitose in the kaomise drama "Bankoku Taiheiki"; his stage partners are Ichikawa Danz˘ I, Tomizawa Hanzabur˘ I, Ogino Izabur˘ I, Nakamura Kichibŕ I, Ogawa Zengor˘ I, Sodesaki Miwano I, Mimasuya Sukejűr˘ I, Fujimura Handayű II, Nakajima Mihoemon I and Kamakura Ch˘kur˘ II.
5th lunar month of 1725: Hy˘tar˘ plays in the same theater the role of the courtesan Katsuragi in a great "Sayaate" scene; the roles of Fuwa Banzaemon and Nagoya Sanza are played by Tomizawa Hanzabur˘ I and Sawamura S˘jűr˘ I, who has just joined the Ichimuraza.
Fall 1725: Hy˘tar˘ goes back to ďsaka.
Fall 1726: Hy˘tar˘ goes to Ky˘to.
11th lunar month of 1726: Hy˘tar˘ becomes zamoto and produces at Kameya Kumenoj˘'s theater (Ky˘to) the kaomise drama "Karanishiki Imose no Shitone", in which he plays the role of Todoroki K˘emon's sister Tokoyo; the role of K˘emon is played by Anegawa Shinshir˘ I.
8th lunar month of 1738: Hy˘tar˘ plays in the same theater the role of Kuzu-no-Ha in the drama "Shinoda Zuma"; the roles of Abe no Yasuna and Ashiya D˘man are played by Arashi San'emon III and Fujikawa Hanzabur˘ II.
Fall 1739: Hy˘tar˘ goes to Ky˘to.
1747: tour in Ise and Nagoya.
1751: he becomes playwright in ďsaka, using the pen name Matsuda Hyakka.
1st lunar month of 1758: first Kabuki adaptation of the 5-act maruhonmono drama "Hime Komatsu Ne-no-Hi no Asobi" in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai; Hyakka not only worked on it as a sakusha but he also exceptionally performed on stage, under his usual name of Matsushima Hy˘tar˘, playing the role of Azumaya's mother [casting]. He also changes the writing of the first name of his pen name:
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Matsushima Hy˘tar˘ was a wakaonnagata, who made his career from the beginning of the 1710s to the beginning of the 1760s. He performed mainly in Kamigata and excelled in sewa ny˘b˘ roles. He made a short and very successful season in Edo in 1724~1725, which led to the creation of many prints. He became playwright at the end of his career but did not take part in the creation of any major work. He most likely died in 1764.
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