ICHIKAWA SďZABURď I

Stage names:

Ichikawa S˘zabur˘ I In Japanese
Ichikawa Katsugor˘ In Japanese

Guild: Kawachiya

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Poetry name: Waj˘ (?), Wai (?), Wachű (?)

Existence: 1687 ~ 11th day of the 5th lunar month of 1752 [1]

Connection:

Master: Ichikawa Danjűr˘ I

Disciple: Ichikawa S˘zabur˘ II

Career:

1687~1713: born in ďsaka. He settled in Edo at an unknown time and became disciple of the Edo star Ichikawa Danjűr˘ I, who gave him the name of Ichikawa Katsugor˘. He performed in the precincts of the Ichigaya Hachiman shrine.

Fall 1713: Katsugor˘ went back to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1713: Katsugor˘ performed as a tachiyaku in the kaomise drama "Saiwai Musume Takara no Yome Banzei Muko", which was produced at ďsaka Tazaemon's theater by Shinozuka Sh˘matsu.

2nd lunar month of 1716: Ichikawa Katsugor˘ took the name of Ichikawa S˘zabur˘.

11th lunar month of 1717: S˘zabur˘ became jitsuaku and played at the Naka no Shibai the role of ďhara Bannai in the kaomise drama "Inari Yashiki Daikoku Bashira"; he also changed the writing of his first name:

Previous writing New writing
惣三郎 宗三郎

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12th lunar month of 1717: S˘zabur˘ played in the same theater the role of Ichibŕ in the kiri ky˘gen "ďsaka Shinjű Hajimari" [2].

11th lunar month of 1720: S˘zabur˘ played in ďsaka at the Higashi no Shibai the roles of Oky˘'s brother Sagoemon and the kanekashi Riemon in Ky˘ya Yagoshir˘'s kaomise drama "Kogane no Ikioi" and in the kiri ky˘gen "Nanshoku Kamo Samurai Jűshichikinenki", which were produced by Arashi San'emon III.

11th lunar month of 1723: great kaomise in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai to celebrate the arrival of the Edo star ďtani Hiroji I. The zamoto Arashi San'emon III produced the drama "Kogane no Hanagata" in which S˘zabur˘ played the role of the kar˘ Katsuragawa Minbu.

1st lunar month of 1724: premiere at the Kado no Shibai of "Edoe Ukiyo Soga", an Edo-flavored new year drama welcoming in ďsaka the Edo actor ďtani Hiroji I; S˘zabur˘ played the roles of Ky˘ no Kojir˘ and Kuheiji [more details].

Fall 1724: S˘zabur˘ went to Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1724: S˘zabur˘ performed as a katakiyaku in the kaomise drama "ďjigawa Kogane no Mizuguruma", which was produced at Miyako Mandayű's theater by Segawa Kikunoj˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1725: S˘zabur˘ became jitsuaku.

1st lunar month of 1725: S˘zabur˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, jitsuaku section, was j˘-j˘-hankichi (superior - superior - half excellent) [visual].

11th lunar month of 1726: S˘zabur˘ played at Kameya Kumenoj˘'s theater (Ky˘to) the role of Takashina Nan'emon in the kaomise drama "Karanishiki Imose no Shitone".

1st lunar month of 1727: S˘zabur˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, jitsuaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual].

11th lunar month of 1728: S˘zabur˘ performed in the kaomise program "Daimy˘ Kogane no Uroko", which was produced by Sanogawa Mangiku at Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater in Ky˘to; his stage partners were Arashi San'emon III, Segawa Kikunoj˘ I, Segawa Kikujir˘ I, Sakurayama Shirosabur˘ I, Arashi Sangor˘ I and Nakamura Shingor˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1731: S˘zabur˘ played in Ky˘to at Kameya Kumenoj˘'s theater the roles of Manzai Tokudayű and Hakusan Daichű in the new year ni-no-kawari "Keisei Mikasayama".

Summer 1731: S˘zabur˘ went to Edo and performed at the Ichimuraza.

11th lunar month of 1731: S˘zabur˘ performed at the Ichimuraza in the kaomise drama "Higashiyama Dono Eiga Butai"; his stage partners were ďtani Hiroji I, Band˘ Hikosabur˘ I, Yamamoto Hikogor˘, Ichimura Takenoj˘ IV, Sakata Hangor˘ I, Sanj˘ Kantar˘ II, Sodesaki Iseno I, Hayakawa Shinkatsu and Segawa Kikujir˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1732: S˘zabur˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, jitsuaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual].

11th lunar month of 1732: S˘zabur˘ moved to the Nakamuraza and performed in the kaomise drama "Yamato Kotoba Imagawaj˘", which welcomed in Edo the 2 Kamigata stars Anegawa Shinshir˘ I and Sakakiyama Koshir˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1733: S˘zabur˘ performed at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "Nagi no Hana Asahi Genji".

1st lunar month of 1734: S˘zabur˘ played in the same theater the role of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune in the new year sogamono drama "Jűhakk˘ Imay˘ Soga"; the roles of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari were played by Ogino Izabur˘ I and Sanj˘ Kantar˘ II.

11th lunar month of 1738: S˘zabur˘ performed at the Ichimuraza in the kaomise drama "Mitsugibune Taiheiki".

3rd lunar month of 1739: S˘zabur˘ played in the same theater the role of Ikyű in the drama "Sukeroku J˘mon no Hanabusa"; the roles of Sukeroku and Agemaki were played by Ichikawa Ebiz˘ II and Tomizawa Montar˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1740: S˘zabur˘ performed at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "Miya Bashira Taiheiki".

1st lunar month of 1741: S˘zabur˘ played in the same theater the role of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune in the new year sogamono drama "Na no Hana Akebono no Soga"; the roles of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari were played by Ichikawa Ebiz˘ II and Nakamura Shichisabur˘ II.

5th lunar month of 1747: the play "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami" was produced at the Nakamuraza for the first time; S˘zabur˘ played the role of Shiratayű in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami" [casting].

1st lunar month of 1748: S˘zabur˘ played at the Nakamuraza the roles of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune and Kawazu Reikon in the drama "Kazari Ebi Yoroi Soga".

5th lunar month of 1748: the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura" was performed for the first time in Edo, at the Nakamuraza; S˘zabur˘ played the role of Kawatsura H˘gen [casting].

11th lunar month of 1748: S˘zabur˘ performed at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "Onna Moji Heike Monogatari", which celebrated the arrival in Edo of the Kamigata actor Nakamura Kumetar˘ I.

3rd lunar month of 1749: S˘zabur˘ played in the same theater the role of Ikyű in the drama Sukeroku Kuruwa no Ie Zakura; the roles of Sukeroku and Agemaki were played by Ichikawa Ebiz˘ II and Segawa Kikujir˘ I. The Yoshiwara pleasure quarter of Edo started in early Spring 1749 to display cherry trees in pots in the heart of the precinct (Nakanoch˘) in order to draw the crowds for cherry-blossom-viewing and more. It was reproduced on stage with fake cherry trees all along the stage.

6th lunar month of 1749: the play "Kanadehon Chűshingura" was produced at the Nakamuraza for the first time; S˘zabur˘ played the roles of Kakogawa Honz˘ and Hara Goemon [casting].

4th lunar month of 1752: first Kabuki adaptation of the puppet theater drama "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki", which was staged in Edo at the Moritaza; S˘zabur˘ played the roles of Midaroku, Taira no Tsunemori and Hayashi [casting]; this was his last stage appearance.

11th day of the 5th lunar month of 1752 [1]: S˘zabur˘ died.

Comments:

Ichikawa S˘zabur˘ I was a talented and popular jitsuaku actor, who was trained in Kamigata and achieved success for himself in Edo from the beginning of the 1730s to the beginning of the 1750s. He was called "Edo Zuiichi no Jitsuaku", which meant the greatest jitsuaku of Edo, and excelled in the role of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune in new year sogamono.

[1] The 11th day of the 5th lunar month of the 2nd year of the H˘reki era was the 22nd of June 1752 in the western calendar.

[2] This drama was a shinjűmono based on the story of Ch˘emon and his lover Ichinoj˘. The 17th day of the 5th lunar month of the 3rd year of the Tenna era (the 11th of June 1683 in the western calendar), the courtesan Yamatoya Ichinoj˘ and her lover Goze no Ch˘emon committed suicide together in ďsaka. This event caused quite a stir and three ďsaka theaters decided to capitalize on the situation by simultaneously producing the same month the first shinjűmono of Kabuki history.

Ichikawa S˘zabur˘ I playing the roles of Noge no Sh˘hei in the drama "Kurofune Deiri Minato", which was staged in the 1st lunar month of 1733 in Edo at the Nakamuraza (print made by Nishimura Shigenobu)

Print made by Nishimura Shigenobu in 1733

The Ichikawa S˘zabur˘ line of actors

 
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