ICHIKAWA DANNOSUKE VI

Stage names:

Ichikawa Dannosuke VI In Japanese
Ichikawa Masusabur˘ III In Japanese
Ichikawa Wakamatsu In Japanese
Jitsukawa Ashimaru [1] In Japanese

Real name: Hata Y˘z˘

Guild: Mikawaya, Naritaya

Line number: ROKUDAIME (VI)

Poetry name: Sank˘

Existence: 1 July 1876 ~ 27 September 1963

Connections:

Adoptive father: Ichikawa Sh˘jaku II (Jitsukawa Rogan [2])

Masters: Ichikawa Danz˘ VII, Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX, Ichikawa Sadanji I

Disciple: Ichikawa Noshimatsu

Career:

1st of July 1876: born in Ky˘to. He was the son of a Ky˘to shibai jaya owner.

1883: he was adopted by the actor Jitsukawa Rogan [2], a disciple of Jitsukawa Enjaku I. He started his career in Ky˘to and his first stage name was Jitsukawa Ashimaru [1].

1886: he settled in T˘ky˘ with his adoptive father. They both became disciple of Ichikawa Sadanji I in 1887. His adoptive father took the name of Ichikawa Sh˘jaku II while he received the name of Ichikawa Wakamatsu.

November 1897: he became a disciple of Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX and received the name of Ichikawa Masusabur˘ III.

End of the Meiji era: he performed in Kansai in Kabuki troupes led by Ichikawa Ichijűr˘ III or Nakamura Tokiz˘ I. He also became disciple of Ichikawa Danz˘ VII.

13 September 1903: his second master Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX died.

7 August 1904: his first master Ichikawa Sadanji I died.

2 May 1906: his adoptive father Ichikawa Sh˘jaku II died.

11 September 1911: his third master Ichikawa Danz˘ VII died.

November 1915: he became nadai and took the name of Ichikawa Dannosuke VI at the Shintomiza.

Taish˘ era: he performed in koshibai, in venues like the Daikokuza (Yotsuya), the Mikuniza (Asakusa) or the Kotobukiza (Honjo).

From the beginning of the Sh˘wa era: he went back to ˘shibai as a supporting actor and often performed with the troupe led by Nakamura Kichiemon I.

April 1947: Dannosuke played for the first time the role of Otose in "Obiya", in T˘ky˘ at the T˘ky˘ Gekij˘; the role of Obiya Ch˘emon was played by Sawamura S˘jűr˘ VII.

January 1948: Dannosuke played for the first time the role of Tanbaya Hachiemon in "Fűin Giri", in T˘ky˘ at the Imperial Theater, sharing the stage with Nakamura Kichiemon I (Kameya Chűbŕ), Nakamura Shikan VI (Umegawa), Sawamura Tanosuke V (Tsuchiya Jiemon) and Nakamura Moshio IV (Oen).

March 1949: Dannosuke played at the Shinbashi Enbuj˘ the role of Tanbaya Hachiemon in "Fűin Giri", sharing the stage with Nakamura Kichiemon I (Kameya Chűbŕ), Nakamura Shikan VI (Umegawa), Ichikawa Danz˘ VIII (Tsuchiya Jiemon) and Nakamura Moshio IV (Oen).

May 1949: Dannosuke played at the Misonoza the role of Tanbaya Hachiemon in "Fűin Giri", sharing the stage with Nakamura Kichiemon I (Kameya Chűbŕ), Nakamura Shikan VI (Umegawa), Ichikawa Danz˘ VIII (Tsuchiya Jiemon) and Nakamura Moshio IV (Oen).

August 1950: Dannosuke played at the T˘ky˘ Gekij˘ the role of Otose in "Obiya"; the role of Obiya Ch˘emon was played by Nakamura Kichiemon I.

March 1952: Dannosuke played for the last time the role of Tanbaya Hachiemon in "Fűin Giri", in T˘ky˘ at the Kabukiza, sharing the stage with Nakamura Kichiemon I (Kameya Chűbŕ), Nakamura Utaemon VI (Umegawa), Matsumoto K˘shir˘ VIII (Tsuchiya Jiemon) and Sawamura Tossh˘ IV (Oen).

July 1955: premiere at the T˘ky˘ Takarazuka Theater of Uno Nobuo's drama "M˘moku Monogatari"; Dannosuke played the role of S˘bŕ [more details]. This drama was part of the first T˘h˘ Kabuki postwar performance. The T˘ky˘ Takarazuka Theater was taken over by the American occupation forces in 1945, becoming the Ernie Pyle Theater. It was forbiden to Japanese for 10 years and was finally given back to the T˘h˘ Company in 1955, which renamed it with its original name.

December 1955: Dannosuke played at the Kabukiza the role of Otose in "Obiya"; the role of Obiya Ch˘emon was played by Matsumoto K˘shir˘ VIII.

July 1958: Dannosuke played for the last time the role of Otose in "Obiya", in T˘ky˘ at the Shinjuku Sh˘chikuza; the role of Obiya Ch˘emon was played by Ichikawa Chűsha VIII.

1960: he received the prestigious title of Living National Treasure (Ningen Kokuh˘ in Japanese).

September 1963: he appeared on stage for the last time, in ďsaka at the ďsaka Shinkabukiza, performing in "Domo Mata" and "Kagotsurube" in a special program celebrating the shűmei of Jitsukawa Enjaku III.

27 September 1963: Dannosuke died.

Comments:

Ichikawa Dannosuke VI was a talented and popular supporting actor, who spent 80 years on stage! His atariyaku were Otose ("Obiya") and Tanbaya Hachiemon ("Fűin Giri"). Born and trained in Kansai, he gave to these two roles a colorful Kamigata touch through his acting. Tachiyaku, onnagata, katakiyaku or fukeyaku, he was able to perform a wide range of roles thanks to his wealth of experience which he gained in koshibai in T˘ky˘ or in tabi shibai. He was popular in koshibai during the 1910s and the 1920s and he had the opportunity to play major roles like Soga Gor˘ ("Soga no Taimen"), Baba Saburobŕ ("ďsakazuki"), Marubashi Chűya ("Keian Taiheiki"), Omitsu ("Nozaki-mura"), Yaoya Oshichi or the leading roles of the dance-dramas like "Momijigari" and "Modoribashi".

[1] In the latest edition (2012) of "Kabuki Haiyű Meiseki Benran", his first stage name was Jitsukawa Ashimaru. In the National Theatre Digital Library, his first stage name was Jitsukawa Rogan (a different reading for the same ideograms used for Ashimaru). In Nojima Jusabur˘'s book "Kabuki Jinmei Jiten", his first stage name was Kataoka Yoshimaru. In the Ritsumeikan University Actors Database, his first stage name was Kataoka Rogan.

[2] In the latest edition (2012) of "Kabuki Haiyű Meiseki Benran", his adoptive father's first stage name was Jitsukawa Rogan. In Nojima Jusabur˘'s book "Kabuki Jinmei Jiten", his adoptive father's first stage name was Kataoka Rogan.

Ichikawa Dannosuke VI playing the role of Osh˘ Kichisa in the drama "Sannin Kichisa"

The Ichikawa Masusabur˘ line of actors

The Ichikawa Dannosuke line of actors

 
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