ICHIKAWA CH█SHA VIII

Stage names:

Ichikawa Chűsha VIII In Japanese
Ichikawa Yaoz˘ VIII In Japanese
Ichikawa Matsuo I In Japanese

Real name: Kinoshi Shizusada

Guild: Tachibanaya, Omodakaya [1]

Line number: HACHIDAIME (VIII)

Poetry name: Chűsha (8)

Existence: 10 November 1896 ~ 20 June 1971

Connections:

Father: Ichikawa Danshir˘ II

Adoptive father: Ichikawa Chűsha VII

Brothers: Ichikawa En'˘ I, Ichikawa Kodayű II, Ichikawa Juen I

Disciples: Ichikawa Nakaz˘, Ichikawa Nakajir˘, Ichikawa Nakanosuke III

Career:

10 November 1896: born in Asakusa.

July 1913: he appeared on stage for the first time, in Yamagata at the Asahiza, playing the role of Goromaru in Fukuchi ďchi's drama "Jűnitoki Kaikei Soga".

October 1913: he made his first official appearance on stage, at the Kabukiza where he received the name of Ichikawa Matsuo I and played the role of the yakko Mitsuhei in the drama "Z˘hiki".

March 1916: Matsuo was adopted by Ichikawa Yaoz˘ VII.

October 1918: great shűmei at the Kabukiza for the Tachibanaya guild; Ichikawa Yaoz˘ VII and Ichikawa Matsuo I respectively took the names of Ichikawa Chűsha VII and Ichikawa Yaoz˘ VIII; the new Yaoz˘, who celebrated his success at the nadai exam, played the role of Ichimanmaru in the drama "Zui Ichikawa Narukami Soga".

6 February 1922: his father Ichikawa Danshir˘ II died.

September 1930: revival at the Meijiza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's masterpiece "Sakura Hime Azuma Bunsh˘", produced under the title "T˘ryű Azuma Bunsh˘"; Yaoz˘ played the roles of Awazu Shichir˘ and Sentar˘ [casting].

January 1935: premiere at the T˘ky˘ Gekij˘ of "Edo-j˘ no Ninj˘", the first play of Mayama Seika's cycle "Genroku Chűshingura"; Yaoz˘ played the role of Lord Inagaki [more details].

April 1935: premiere at the T˘ky˘ Gekij˘ of "Saigo no Daihy˘j˘", the third play of Mayama Seika's cycle "Genroku Chűshingura"; Yaoz˘ played the role of Isogai Jűr˘zaemon [casting].

12 July 1936: his adoptive father Ichikawa Chűsha VII died.

November 1938: revival at the Kokusai Gekij˘ [2] of the drama "Fud˘" [3]; Yaoz˘ played the role of Hayakumo Daijin [more details].

February 1939: premiere at the T˘ky˘ Gekij˘ of the second act of "Sengoku Yashiki", the ninth play of Mayama Seika's cycle "Genroku Chűshingura"; Yaoz˘ played the role of Takebayashi Tadashichi [casting].

November 1939: premiere at the T˘ky˘ Gekij˘ of Kimura Tomiko's dance-drama "Kurozuka"; Yaoz˘ played the role of the yamabushi Priest Yamatob˘ [casting].

July 1951: premiere at the Kabukiza of Uno Nobuo's drama "Jiisan Baasan"; Yaoz˘ played the role of Run's brother Kyűemon [casting].

July 1952: premiere at the Kabukiza of H˘j˘ Hideji's drama "Kitsune to Fuefuki"; Yaoz˘ played the role of Akinobu [casting].

November 1952: premiere at the Kabukiza of Kema Nanboku's revision of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Daiky˘ji Mukashi Goyomi"; Yaoz˘ played the role of the daiky˘ji Ishun [casting].

June 1953: great shűmei at the Kabukiza for the Tachibanaya guild; Ichikawa Yaoz˘ VIII and Matsumoto Komagor˘ I took the names of Ichikawa Chűsha VIII and Ichikawa Yaoz˘ IX [4]; the new Chűsha played the roles of Yashio [5], Masumitsu Kyűnosuke, the Kaga tobi Takegor˘, Takechi Mitsuhide [6] and Senpei in "Meiboku Sendai Hagi", "Yoshinobu Inochigoi", "Kagatobi", "Ehon Taik˘ki" and "Dontsuku".

November 1954: premiere at the Kabukiza of Mishima Yukio's comical play "Iwashi Uri Koi no Hikiami"; Chűsha played the role of Ebina Naamidabutsu [casting].

March 1955: Ichikawa Chűsha VIII, Iwai Hanshir˘ X and Ichikawa Yaoz˘ IX celebrated their shűmei in ďsaka at the ďsaka Kabukiza with the troupes led by Ichikawa Ennosuke II and Nakamura Tokiz˘ III; Chűsha played the roles of Chichibu no Sh˘ji Shigetada, Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune [7], the kagokaki Gonza [8], H˘j˘ Takatoki, the priest Yűkei and Shimojima Jin'emon in "Kagekiyo", "Kotobuki Soga Kabuki no Nigiwai", "Gonza to Sukejű", "Takatoki", "Kurozuka" and "Jiisan Baasan".

June 1955: Ichikawa Chűsha VIII celebrated his shűmei in Ky˘to at the Minamiza; he played the role of Tar˘ Sadamori, Musashib˘ Benkei [9], Izari Tarosuke and the tatami-maker Hanbŕ in "Taira no Masakado", "Kanjinch˘", "Sannin Katawa" and "K˘setsu Kyűtengiri".

October 1955: Chűsha took part in the first Kabuki tour in the Popular Republic of China; he played the roles of Yoshitsune and Sh˘gen in the dramas "Kanjinch˘" and "Keisei Hangonk˘" [casting]. Chűsha had the opportunity to meet the stars of the Chinese Traditional Opera like the famous Mei Lan-Fang.

March 1956: premiere in Kabuki at the Meijiza of H˘j˘ Hideji's drama "Ii Tair˘"; Chűsha played the role of Nagano Shuzen [more details].

July 1956: revival at the Kabukiza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's drama "Sumidagawa Hana no Goshozome", commonly called "Onna Seigen"; Chűsha played the role of Gunsuke [more details].

November 1959: revival at the Kabukiza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's masterpiece "Sakura Hime Azuma Bunsh˘", which was supervised by Mishima Yukio; Chűsha played the role of the priest Zangetsu [casting].

February 1960: premiere at the Kabukiza of Uno Nobuo's drama "Shiranui Kengy˘"; Chűsha played the role of Tobaya Tanji [casting].

1961: Matsumoto K˘shir˘ VIII and Chűsha left together, with their disciples, the Sh˘chiku Company to sign an exclusive contract with the T˘h˘ Company.

12 June 1963: his brother Ichikawa En'˘ I died.

July 1963: revival at the Yomiuri Hall in T˘ky˘ of Namiki Sh˘z˘ I's drama "Kuwanaya Tokuz˘ Irifune Monogatari"; Chűsha played the role of Ishid˘ Tatewaki [casting].

December 1966: second month of the opening ceremony of the National Theater with the full length performance of the classic "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami" in which Chűsha played the role of Kan Sh˘j˘ in the "Tenpaizan" scene [casting].

September 1970: Chűsha played at the Imperial Theater the role of Midaroku [10], in reality Taira no Munekiyo, in the drama "Kumagai Jin'ya".

December 1970: Chűsha played at the National Theatre the role of Horiuchi Den'emon in Mayama Seika's drama "ďishi Saigo no Ichinichi".

March 1971: Chűsha played at the Imperial Theater the role of Ikyű in the drama "Sukeroku"; the roles of Hanakawado Sukeroku and Miuraya Agemaki were played by Ichikawa Somegor˘ VI and Nakamura Jakuemon IV.

May 1971: Chűsha played at the National Theatre the role of Matsunaga Hisahide in Okamoto Kid˘'s drama "Muromachi Gojo".

June 1971: Chűsha appeared on the stage for the last time, at the National Theatre, where he played the role of Shinza's land-lord Ch˘bŕ [11] in the drama "Kamiyui Shinza"; he suddenly died the 20th of June 1971 [12].

Comments:

Ichikawa Chűsha VIII was a talented tachiyaku, trained by Ichikawa Chűsha VII and who was very active in both Kabuki and modern productions. Two of his best roles, at the end of his career, were Jinbŕ and Midaroku in the dramas "Sakura Giminden" and "Kumagai Jin'ya".

[1] Only during his Matsuo years.

[2] The International Theatre.

[3] This drama belongs to the Kabuki Jűhachiban.

[4] It was also the shűmei of Ichikawa Shun'en&nbp;I, who celebrated his success at the nadai exam.

[5] The role of Masaoka was played by Nakamura Tokiz˘ III.

[6] The roles of Mashiba Hisayoshi, Mitsuhide's wife Misao, Mitsuhide's son Jűjir˘, Jűjir˘'s fiancee Hatsugiku, Mitsuhide's mother Satsuki and Sat˘ Masakiyo were played by Ichikawa Ennosuke II, Nakamura Tokiz˘ III, Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XVII, Nakamura Utaemon VI, Ichikawa Dannosuke VI and Ichikawa Yaoz˘ IX.

[7] The roles of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari are played by Ichikawa Yaoz˘ IX and Iwai Hanshir˘ X.

[8] The kagokaki was played by Ichikawa Danshir˘ III.

[9] The roles of Minamoto no Yoshitsune and Togashi Saemon were played by Hayashi Mataichir˘ II and Jitsukawa Enjir˘ II.

[10] The role of Kumagai Jir˘ Naozane was played by Nakamura Kichiemon II.

[11] The role of Shinza was played by Onoe Sh˘roku II.

[12] He was replaced by Kawarasaki Gonjűr˘ III.

Ichikawa Chűsha VIII (right) and Nakamura Tokiz˘ III (left) playing the roles of K˘mori Yasu and Otomi in the drama "Kirare Otomi" (oil painting made by Hasegawa Noboru in 1955)

The Ichikawa Yaoz˘ line of actors

The Ichikawa Chűsha line of actors

 
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