|ICHIKAWA CH█SHA VII|
Real name: Hashio Kamejir˘
Line number: SHICHIDAIME (VII)
Poetry name: Chűsha (7)
Existence: 27th day of the 2nd lunar month of 1860  ~ 12 July 1936
Adopted son: Ichikawa Chűsha VIII
Disciple: Ichikawa Nakajir˘
27th day of the 2nd lunar month of 1860 : born in Ky˘to in the district of Daikoku-ch˘. His father Hashio Kyűhŕ, who was a pawnbroker, gave him the name of Kamejir˘. He quickly became a disciple of the actor Onoe Tamiz˘ II, who gave him the name of Onoe Tsunejir˘ .
Spring 1864: he made his first stage appearance, within the precinct of the Fushimi Inari shrine in Ky˘to, performing in the play "Suzuki Mondo".
1864 ~ 1875: Tsunejir˘ joined a travelling troupe and performed up to Ise. He met in Nagoya the actor Nakayama Kiraku III, became his disciple and received the name of Nakayama Tsurugor˘ around 1871. He became quickly the zagashira of a children-actors troupe.
Spring 1875: Tsurugor˘ settled in T˘ky˘.
July 1879: Tsurugor˘ became disciple of the star Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX and took the name of Ichikawa Yaoz˘ VII at the Saruwakaza, performing in the play "Chűk˘ Somewake Tazuna".
Beginning of 1880: Yaoz˘ moved back to T˘ky˘.
January 1890: Yaoz˘ played at the Harukiza the role of Miuranosuke in the drama "Kamakura Sandaiki"; his stage partners in the roles of Princess Toki and Sasaki Takatsuna were Nakamura Fukuen and Ichikawa Ennosuke I.
March 1891: premiere at the Kabukiza of Fukuchi ďchi's drama "Buyű no Homare Shusse Kagekiyo", a revised revival of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's jidaimono "Shusse Kagekiyo"; Yaoz˘ played the roles of Minamoto no Yoritomo and the carpenter Edo Shigenari [casting].
September 1891: premiere at the Kabukiza of Fukuchi ďchi's drama "Z˘ho Onna Narukami"; Yaoz˘ played the role of Sakuma Genba [more details]. He also achieved a great success by playing the roles of Takebe Genz˘ and Fujiwara no Shihei in the classic "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".
October 1894: Yaoz˘ played at the Harukiza the role of Abe no Munet˘ in the play "Sodehagi Saimon"; his stage partners were Ichikawa Kuz˘ III (Sadat˘), Nakamura Tomijűr˘ III (Sodehagi) and Ichikawa Kien (Yoshiie).
October 1900: Yaoz˘ played at the Masagoza the role of the smuggler Kezori in the drama "Koi Minato Hakata no Hitofushi".
March 1903: premiere at the Kabukiza of the drama "Kichirei Soga no Ishizue", which was produced to celebrate the shűmei of Onoe Kikugor˘ VI, Onoe Baik˘ VI and Onoe Eizabur˘ VI; Yaoz˘ played the role of Oni˘ Shinzaemon [casting].
April 1904: premiere at the Kabukiza of Mori ďgai's drama "Nichiren Sh˘nin Tsujisepp˘", in which Yaoz˘ played the role of the priest Nichiren.
May 1909: Yaoz˘ played at the Suehiroza (Nagoya) the role of Yosabur˘ in the drama "Yowa Nasake Ukina no Yokogushi"; the roles of Otomi and K˘mori Yasu were played by Nakamura Shikan V and Ichikawa Danz˘ VII.
May 1913: Yaoz˘ played at the Minamiza (Ky˘to) the roles of Adachi Motoemon and Ky˘ya Mansuke in the drama "Tengajaya-mura"; his stage partners were Nakamura Fukusuke IV (Hayase Iori), Nakamura Shibajaku IV (Hayase Genjir˘) and Nakamura Ganjir˘ I (T˘ma Sabur˘emon).
October 1918: great shűmei at the Kabukiza; Ichikawa Yaoz˘ VII took the name of Ichikawa Chűsha VII by playing the role of Takechi Mitsuhide in the drama "Toki-ha Ima Kiky˘ no Hataage". His adopted son Ichikawa Matsuo I took the name of Ichikawa Yaoz˘ VIII. Chűsha was one of the haimy˘ used by the Ichikawa Yaoz˘ line of actors and Ichikawa Chűsha VII was the first actor to use it as a stage name.
November 1923: Chűsha played at the Minamiza in Azabu (T˘ky˘) the role of Matsu˘maru in the "Terakoya" scene of the classic "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"; the roles of Matsu˘maru's wife Chiyo and Takebe Genz˘ were played by Band˘ Shűch˘ III and Kataoka Ichiz˘ IV. This was the first kabuki performance to be staged in T˘ky˘ after the terrible earthquake that hit the city the 1st of September 1923.
May 1926: Chűsha played at the Asakusa Sh˘chikuza the role of Abe no Sadat˘ in the drama "ďshű Adachi-ga-Hara"; his stage partners were Band˘ Shűch˘ III (Sodehagi), Band˘ Mitsugor˘ VII (Munet˘) and Ichimura Kamez˘ III (Yoshiie).
February 1927: Chűsha played at the Nakaza (ďsaka) the role of the warrior Kumagai Jir˘ Naozane in the "Kumiuchi" scene of the classic "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki"; the role of Kojir˘/Atsumori was played by Nakamura Ganjir˘ I.
December 1928: Chűsha played at the Minamiza (Ky˘to) the role of Nikki Danj˘ in the "Yuka Shita" scene of the classic "Meiboku Sendai Hagi". The role of Arajishi Otokonosuke was played by Matsumoto K˘shir˘ VII.
May 1930: Chűsha played at the Kabukiza in T˘ky˘ the role of Kakuju in the "D˘my˘ji" scene of the classic "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"; the roles of Kan Sh˘j˘, Sukune Tar˘ and Tatsuta no Mae were played by Nakamura Ganjir˘ I, Matsumoto K˘shir˘ VII and Band˘ Shűch˘ III.
June 1930: Chűsha played at the Nakaza (ďsaka) the role of Nikki Danj˘ in the classic "Meiboku Sendai Hagi"; the roles of Arajishi Otokonosuke and Hosokawa Katsumoto were played by Matsumoto K˘shir˘ VII and Nakamura Ganjir˘ I.
December 1931: Chűsha collapsed on the Kabukiza stage. He was very ill and had to rest for a few years.
October 1935: Chűsha appeared on stage for the last time, at the Kabukiza, playing the roles of Nichiren and Kiichi H˘gen in the dramas "Nichiren J˘nin Tatsu no Kuchi H˘nan" and the "Kikubatake" scene of the drama "Kiichi H˘gen Sanryaku no Maki".
Ichikawa Chűsha VII's best roles: Takechi Mitsuhide ("Ehon Taik˘ki" and "Toki-ha Ima Kiky˘ no Hataage"), Matsu˘maru ("Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami") and Nikki Danj˘ ("Meiboku Sendai Hagi"). The kata which he created for the role of Mitsuhide were still used nowadays.
"Follower of Danjűr˘, the ninth, Ichikawa Chűsha is an actor who enjoys much popularity. His restrained manner and well-modulated voice, and cleverness in the realm of the unreal have marked him as a true disciple of the Ichikawa family. He manages to make his villains more thoroughly wicked than those of any other player." (ZoŰ Kincaid in "Kabuki, the Popular Stage of Japan")
 His first stage name was Onoe T˘jir˘ in the latest edition (2012) of "Kabuki Haiyű Meiseki Benran". In all others sources, including Nojima Jusabur˘'s book "Kabuki Jinmei Jiten" or the Ritsumeikan University Actors Database, it was indeed Onoe Tsunejir˘.
 The 2nd day of the 2nd lunar month of the 7th year of the Ansei era was the 19th of March 1860 in the western calendar.
The Ichikawa Yaoz˘ line of actors
The Ichikawa Chűsha line of actors
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