ICHIKAWA DANSHIRď II

Stage names:

Ichikawa Danshir˘ II In Japanese
Ichikawa Ennosuke I In Japanese
Matsuo Ennosuke In Japanese
Yamazaki Ennosuke In Japanese
Band˘ Utasaku In Japanese
Ichimura Ch˘matsu In Japanese

Real name: Kinoshi Kamejir˘

Guild: Omodakaya

Line number: NIDAIME (II)

Poetry names: Juen, Sh˘raku

Existence: 21st day of the 7th lunar month of 1855 [1] ~ 6 February 1922

Connection:

Masters: Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX, Band˘ Hikosabur˘ V, Ichimura Uzaemon XIII

Father: Band˘ Santar˘

Sons: Ichikawa En'˘ I, Ichikawa Chűsha VIII, Ichikawa Kodayű II, Ichikawa Juen I

Grandsons: Ichikawa Danshir˘ III, Ichikawa Miyosuke, Ichikawa K˘mori II

Great-grandsons: Ichikawa En'˘ II (Ichikawa Ennosuke III), Ichikawa Danshir˘ IV

Great-great-grandsons: Ichikawa Ennosuke IV, Ichikawa Chűsha IX

Disciples: Ichikawa Kimiz˘, Ichikawa Kosabur˘, Ichikawa Emisabur˘ I

Career:

21st day of the 7th lunar month of 1855 [1]: born in Edo in the district of Umamichi in Asakusa. Son of the tateshi Band˘ Santar˘.

1860: he became disciple of Ichimura Uzaemon XIII, who gave him the name of Ichimura Ch˘matsu.

1862: he became disciple de Band˘ Hikosabur˘ V, who gave him the name of Band˘ Utasaku.

1868: tour in Kamigata with his master.

1870: he became disciple of Kawarasaki Gonnosuke VII.

1872: he took the name of Yamazaki Ennosuke.

1873: Ennosuke played without his master's permission the prestigious role of Benkei at the Nakajimaza (T˘ky˘) in the dance-drama "Kanjinch˘". This was a lese-majesty crime and the sentence was irrevocable: Ennosuke was expelled from the Kawarasaki clan. He had to give up the Yamazaki name and took the name of Matsuo Ennosuke.

13 October 1877: his 2nd master Band˘ Hikosabur˘ V died.

January 1884: he achieved a great success in ďsaka at the Nakaza, playing the forbidden role of Benkei in the dance-drama "Kanjinch˘".

October 1890: Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX forgave him and accepted to reintegrate Ennosuke in the Ichikawa clan; he took the name of Ichikawa Ennosuke I.

March 1891: premiere at the Kabukiza of Fukuchi ďchi's drama "Buyű no Homare Shusse Kagekiyo", a revised revival of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's jidaimono "Shusse Kagekiyo"; Ennosuke played the roles of the plasterer Kyűsaku and Kajiwara Heiji Kagetaka [casting]. This was also the celebration of Ennosuke's success at the nadai exam.

November 1893: Ennosuke took part in the opening ceremony of the Meijiza [more details].

January 1896: revival at the Harukiza of the dance "Kashiragaki Ise Monogatari", staged under the title "Noriaibune Eh˘ Manzai", with Ennosuke and Nakamura Kangor˘ XII performing the two comic dancers.

April 1897: premiere at the Kabukiza of Fukuchi Ochi's drama "Otokodate Harusame Gasa"; Ennosuke played the role of Henmi Ikkaku, later the r˘nin Henmi Tetsushinsai [more details].

July 1901: premiere at the T˘ky˘za of "Tsuri Onna", the Kabuki version of the ky˘gen "Tsuribari", originally written in 1883 by Kawatake Mokuami (lyrics) and Kishizawa Shikisa VI (music) and revised for the stage by Takeshiba Shinkichi. It starred Ennosuke and Nakamura Kangor˘ XII in the roles of Tar˘kaja and the ugly girl.

18 February 1903: his 1st master Onoe Kikugor˘ V died.

13 September 1903: his 3rd master Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX died.

February/March 1904: successful premiere at the T˘ky˘za of Tsubouchi Sh˘y˘'s drama "Kiri Hitoha"; Ennosuke played the role of Ishikawa Sadamasa and Toyotomi Hideyoshi [more details].

October 1904: premiere at the T˘ky˘za of the Kabuki adaptation of the ky˘gen "Buaku"; Ennosuke played the role of the servant Buaku [casting].

March 1906: Tsubouchi Sh˘y˘'s drama "Hototogisu Koj˘ no Rakugetsu" was produced for the first time in T˘ky˘, at the T˘ky˘za; Ennosuke played the roles of Katagiri Katsumoto and Ujiie Naizen [casting].

November 1908: revival at the Kabukiza of the Kabuki Jűhachiban drama "Kagekiyo"; Ennosuke played the role of Hase no Hachir˘ [casting].

April 1910: premiere at the Kabukiza of "Yuki no Yűbe Iriya no Azemichi", a few scenes taken from "Kumo ni Magou Ueno no Hatsuhana" focusing on Kataoka Naojir˘ and his lover Michitose and staged independently from the rest of the play; Ennosuke played the role of Kaneko Ichinoj˘ [casting].

October 1910: Ichikawa Ennosuke I and his son Ichikawa Danko I respectively took the names of Ichikawa Danshir˘ II and Ichikawa Ennosuke II at the Kabukiza. The two actors performed together in the drama "Kiri Hitoha" and the long-forgotten bombastic drama "Kamahige". The name Danshir˘ has not been held since the 10th lunar month of 1687. The new Danshir˘ also revived the yag˘ Omodakaya.

April 1912: premiere at the Kabukiza of the dance "Hashi Benkei"; Danshir˘ played the role of Benkei [more details].

October 1913: revival at the Kabukiza of the drama "Z˘hiki", a drama belonging to the Kabuki Jűhachiban; Danshir˘ played the role of Mita no Genji Takeru [more details].

August 1917: the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami" was produced at the Kabukiza for the first time; Danshir˘ played the role of Mikawaya Giheiji [casting].

September 1919: premiere at the Kabukiza of the Kiyomoto-based dance "Sumidagawa" (a adapted for Kabuki by Yamazaki Shik˘ with a musical accompaniment made by Kiyomoto Umekichi II); Danshir˘ played the role of the boatman [casting].

November 1919: Danshir˘ played at the Meijiza the role of Shunkan in the drama "Heike Nyogo no Shima".

6 February 1922: Danshir˘ died.

Comments:

Ichikawa Danshir˘ II was a talented actor, the founder of an original line of actors. He excelled in both dances and jidaimono dramas (especially the gidayű ky˘gen). He rebelled against the Kabuki feudal system and his expulsion from the Ichikawa clan led him to walk his own way in koshibai or on tour in provinces. He was finally reintegrated in ˘shibai and helped to fight the existing discrimination against koshibai actors.

[1] The 21st day of the 7th lunar month of the 2nd year of the Ansei era was the 2nd of September 1855 in the western calendar.

Ichikawa Danshir˘ II playing the role of Henmei Tesshinai in a print made by Yamamura Toyonari in 1919

The Ichikawa Ennosuke line of actors

The Ichikawa Danshir˘ line of actors

 
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