YAMASHITA KINSAKU I

Stage names:

Yamashita Kinsaku I In Japanese
Yamashita Matashir˘ II In Japanese
Yamashita Kinsaku I In Japanese

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Poetry names: Rik˘, Kik˘

Existence: ??? ~ 2nd day of the 7th lunar month of 1750 [1]

Connections:

Master: Yamashita Matashir˘ I

Father-in-law: Iwai Hanshir˘ I

Adopted sons: Yamashita Kinsaku II, Yamashita Matatar˘ I

Son-in-law: Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I

Disciples: Yamashita Ugenta II, Yamashita Rokusabur˘

Career:

11th lunar month of 1709: he made his first stage appearance, as a wakaonnagata disciple of the actor Yamashita Matashir˘ I, playing the role of Shirayuki in the kaomise drama "Chigo Daimy˘ Ky˘ Miyage", which was produced in ďsaka by Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ I.

Fall 1712: Kinsaku temporarily became wakashugata, achieving a great success by playing the role of Hisamatsu in the drama "Aburaya Osome", which was produced in ďsaka by the zamoto Arashi San'emon III.

11th lunar month of 1712: Kinsaku became again wakaonnagata, playing the role of Imose in the kaomise drama "Onna Imagawa Seishi no J˘j˘", which was produced in ďsaka by Shinozuka Sh˘matsu I.

11th lunar month of 1713: Kinsaku played in ďsaka at Shioya Kuroemon's theater the role of Oraku in the kaomise drama "Yoyo Meoto Tsuru no Mago".

11th lunar month of 1714: Kinsaku played in ďsaka the role of Kozarashi in the kaomise drama "Daikoku Shinmai Dawara", which was produced by Anegawa Shinshir˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1717: Kinsaku played at the Naka no Shibai the role of Okura in the kaomise drama "Inari Yashiki Daikoku Bashira", which was produced by Sawamura Ch˘jűr˘ I.

12th lunar month of 1717: Kinsaku played in the same theater the role of the nakai Roku in the kiri ky˘gen "ďsaka Shinjű Hajimari" [2].

1st lunar month of 1719: first Kabuki adaptation of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's 1708 puppet theater drama "Keisei Hangonk˘" by Ky˘ya Yagoshir˘, which was produced by Arashi San'emon III in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai; Kinsaku played the role of Katsuragi [casting].

11th lunar month of 1720: Kinsaku played in ďsaka at the Higashi no Shibai the roles of Daizen's mekake Oteru [illustration] and Sagobŕ's musume Osome in Ky˘ya Yagoshir˘'s kaomise drama "Kogane no Ikioi" and in the kiri ky˘gen "Nanshoku Kamo Samurai Jűshichikinenki", which were produced by Arashi San'emon III.

Fall 1723: Kinsaku went to Edo in the company of Sanogawa Senz˘.

11th lunar month of 1723: Kinsaku played at the Nakamuraza the role of Naniwazu [print] in the kaomise drama "Sono Enp˘ Onna Migy˘sho".

1st lunar month of 1724: Kinsaku's rank in the Edo hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual].

11th lunar month of 1724: Kinsaku performed at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "Taiheiki Okuni Kabuki"; his stage partners were Ichikawa Danjűr˘ II, Sawamura S˘jűr˘ I, Matsumoto K˘shir˘ I and Ichikawa Monnosuke I.

11th lunar month of 1725: Kinsaku performed at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "Oguri Ch˘seiden" [3].

11th lunar month of 1726: Kinsaku performed at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise program "Kaomise Jűnidan".

11th lunar month of 1727: Kinsaku performed at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "Yatsumune Taiheiki" [more details]. This program celebrated the return of ďtani Hiroji I (along with the Kamigata actor Kirinami Onoe) in Edo after 5 years spent in Ky˘to. This was also the first stage appearance for Ichikawa Masugor˘, the adopted son of Ichikawa Danjűr˘ II.

11th lunar month of 1728: Kinsaku moved to the Ichimuraza, playing the role of Kikusui in the kaomise drama "Kikusui Yoshino no Dairi"; his stage partners were Band˘ Hikosabur˘ I, Matsumoto K˘shir˘ I, Ichikawa Danz˘ I, Ogino Isabur˘ I, Nakajima Mihoemon I, Hayakawa Hatsue, Narumi Goroshir˘ I and Sodesaki Miwano I.

8th lunar month of 1729: Kinsaku celebrated his coming departure from Edo, achieving a great success at the Ichimuraza by playing the leading role of Kuzu-no-Ha (a female fox disguised as a woman who has to depart from his human child).

Fall 1729: Kinsaku went back to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1729: Kinsaku played the role of the Ky˘gen dancer Wakamatsu in the kaomise drama "Banzai Kogane Tsukuri", which was produced by Arashi Sanjűr˘ II at the Kado no Shibai; his stage partners were Nakayama Shinkur˘ I, Yoshizawa Ayame II, Kirinoya Gonjűr˘ I, Sakurayama Shirosabur˘ I, Nakamura S˘jűr˘ and Fujii Hanamatsu.

1st lunar month of 1730: Kinsaku's rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual].

11th lunar month of 1730: Kinsaku moved to the Naka no Shibai, playing the roles of Otami and Otsuya in the kaomise drama "Meotogura Wag˘ no Nakatomi", which was produced by Iwai Hanshir˘ III; his stage partners were Nakayama Shinkur˘ I, Anegawa Shinshir˘ I, Kirinoya Gonjűr˘ I, Sakurayama Shirosabur˘ I, Sanogawa Hanazuma I, Arashi Sanjűr˘ II, Hanagiri Toyomatsu I and Izumikawa Sennosuke.

12th lunar month of 1731: Kinsaku played the role of Toyora in the kaomise drama "ďyamato Wag˘ no Tsuchi", which was produced by Iwai Hanshir˘ III at the Naka no Shibai and celebrated the arrival in the new line-up of Fujikawa Heikur˘, Fujikawa Hanzabur˘ II and Arashi Sangor˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1732: Kinsaku played the role of Gengo's wife Oishi in the kaomise drama "Shikishima Wak˘ no Tsuzumi", which was produced by Iwai Hanshir˘ III at the Naka no Shibai; the role of Gengo was played by Sawamura Ch˘jűr˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1733: Kinsaku played the role of Shigaragi J˘nosuke's wife Oasa in the kaomise drama "Genji Rokujűj˘", which was produced by Iwai Hanshir˘ III at the Naka no Shibai and celebrated the arrival in the new line-up of Sawamura Otoemon I (who played the role of Shigaragi J˘nosuke).

11th lunar month of 1734: Kinsaku played the role of Miyaji in the kaomise drama "Honch˘ Bugaku no Hajimari", which was produced by Iwai Hanshir˘ III at the Naka no Shibai.

11th lunar month of 1735: Kinsaku played the role of the widow Toyora in the kaomise drama "Toyo no Asahi Eitaigura", which was produced by Iwai Hanshir˘ III at the Naka no Shibai and celebrated the arrival in ďsaka of the Edo actor Band˘ Hikosabur˘ I and the shűmei of Arashi Kiyosabur˘ III.

9th day of the 8th lunar month of 1736 [4]: his master Yamashita Matashir˘ I died.

Fall 1736: Kinsaku went to Ky˘to, after seven seasons spent in ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1736: Kinsaku played the role of Naniwa no Oteru in the kaomise drama "Tomi no Ichi Kogane no Aratama", which was produced by Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I; his stage partners were Ichiyama Sukegor˘ I, Nakamura Shingor˘ I, Sakurayama Shirosabur˘ II, Yamanaka Heijűr˘ I, Sanogawa Mangiku, Arashi Shichigor˘ I, Tatsuoka Hisagiku and Tatsuoka Someemon.

1st lunar month of 1737: Kinsaku's rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual].

Fall 1737: Kinsaku went back to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1737: he became tachiyaku and took the name of Yamashita Matashir˘ II at the Kado no Shibai, playing the role of Kanaoka Uranoj˘ in the kaomise drama "Iwatogura Kogane Masugata". The audience did not welcome his performance very well.

1st lunar month of 1738: Matashir˘'s rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-(shiro)kichi (superior - superior - (white) excellent) [visual].

11th lunar month of 1739: he took back the name of Yamashita Kinsaku I and switched back to female roles.

11th lunar month of 1740: Kinsaku played the role of Princess Matsugae in the kaomise drama "Hanaikusa Nishiki no Manmaku", which was produced by Nakamura Jűz˘ I at the Kado no Shibai.

1st lunar month of 1741: Kinsaku's rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was k˘-j˘-j˘-kichi (meritorious - superior - superior - excellent). He was also the kanjiku for onnagata actors.

11th lunar month of 1741: Kinsaku moved to the ďnishi no Shibai, performing in the kaomise drama "Bankoku Taiheiki", which was produced by Sadoshima Ch˘gor˘ I and celebrated the arrival in ďsaka of the Edo actors Ichikawa Ebiz˘ II and Ichikawa Danjűr˘ III.

1st lunar month of 1742: premiere at the ďnishi no Shibai of the play "Narukami Fud˘ Kitayama Zakura"; Kinsaku played the role of Takino [casting].

11th lunar month of 1742: Kinsaku moved to the Kado no Shibai and played the role of Matsugane Sagoemon's wife Okane in the kaomise drama "Sangoku Denrai no Ishi", which was produced by Iwai Hanshir˘ III; his stage partners were Mimasu Daigor˘ I, Segawa Kikujir˘ I, Mihogi Gizaemon I (who played the role of Matsugane Sagoemon), Somenoi Hanshir˘ and Ichiyama Sukegor˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1744: Kinsaku played at the Kado no Shibai the role of Okatsu in the kaomise drama "Yamazaki Yojibŕ Imay˘ Sugata", which was produced by Arashi Sanjűr˘ II.

12th lunar month of 1744: Kinsaku played in the same theater the role of Shirotae in the drama "Shin Usuyuki Monogatari".

11th lunar month of 1745: Kinsaku played at the Kado no Shibai the role of Okaji in the kaomise drama "Murakami Genji Kogane no Niiyakata", which was produced by Arashi Sanjűr˘ II.

2nd lunar month of 1746: Kinsaku achieved a great success in the same theater, playing the roles of the maiden Onami and the warrior Tamon Gor˘ Hidekage (in the unusual aragoto style) in the drama "Tsu no Kuni Ikutagafuchi"

1746 ~ 1747: Kinsaku fell ill and did not appear on stage anymore.

1748: Kinsaku went into retirement.

1749: he gave his stage name to his adopted son Nakamura Handayű, a disciple of his son-in-law Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I, who became Yamashita Kinsaku II.

2nd day of the 7th lunar month of 1750 [1]: Kinsaku died.

Comments:

Yamashita Kinsaku I was a talented onnagata actor who made a successful career mainly in the Kamigata theaters during the first half of the eighteenth century, excelling in bud˘goto, nuregoto or old women roles. He was particularly appreciated by the audience in the roles of spouses in sewamono drama. His tsűsh˘ was Bungor˘.

[1] The 2nd day of the 7th lunar month of the 3rd year of the Kan'en era was the 3rd of August 1750 in the western calendar.

[2] This drama was a shinjűmono based on the story of Ch˘emon and his lover Ichinoj˘. The 17th day of the 5th lunar month of the 3rd year of the Tenna era (the 11th of June 1683 in the western calendar), the courtesan Yamatoya Ichinoj˘ and her lover Goze no Ch˘emon committed suicide together in ďsaka. This event caused quite a stir and three ďsaka theaters decided to capitalize on the situation by simultaneously producing the same month the first shinjűmono of Kabuki history.

[3] Literally "Oguri in the Palace of Long Life".

[4] The 9th day of the 8th lunar month of the 1st year of the Genbun era was the 13th of September 1736 in the western calendar.

Yamashita Kinsaku I playing the role Naniwazu in the drama "Sono Enp˘ Onna Migy˘sho", which was staged at the Nakamuraza in the 11th lunar month of 1723 (print made by Torii Kiyomasu II)

Prints & Illustrations

Print made by Torii Kiyomasu in 1723

Print made by Torii Kiyomasu 1723~1727

The Yamashita Kinsaku line of actors

The Yamashita Matashir˘ line of actors

 
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