ICHIKAWA MONNOSUKE I

Stage names:

Ichikawa Monnosuke I In Japanese
Ichikawa Benjir˘ In Japanese
Ichikawa Ch˘nosuke In Japanese

Nickname: Maruichi

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Poetry name: Shinsha

Blazon: a horizontal stroke (the ideogram for "one") in a circle

Existence: 1691 ~ 25th day of the 1st lunar month of 1729 [1]

Connections:

Master: Ichikawa Danjűr˘ II

Career:

1691 ~ 1713: born in Edo. He started his career as a disciple of Ichikawa Danjűr˘ II, who gave him the name of Ichikawa Ch˘nosuke. Later, he took the name of Ichikawa Benjir˘ at an unknown date.

11th lunar month of 1713: Ichikawa Benjir˘ took the name of Ichikawa Monnosuke I at the Moritaza, performing as a wakashugata in the play "Yorimasa Daikyoku no Mato".

11th lunar month of 1714: Monnosuke played at the Moritaza the role of Shinra Sabur˘ in the kaomise drama "Onna Ryűko Futatsu Gashira".

11th lunar month of 1715: Monnosuke played at the Moritaza the role of Chikaranosuke in Mitsushima Shichir˘zaemon's drama "Hayazaki Onna Shimabara".

2nd lunar month of 1716: Monnosuke achieved a great success by performing in the same theater the role in the drama "Rakuy˘ Aigo no Waka".

11th lunar month of 1717: Monnosuke played at the Moritaza the role of ďt˘-no-Miya in the kaomise drama "H˘n˘ Taiheiki"; his stage partners were Ichikawa Danjűr˘ II, Hayakawa Dengor˘, ďtani Hiroemon I, Ogawa Zengor˘ I and Asao Jűjir˘ I.

9th lunar month of 1718: Monnosuke played in the same theater the role of Onatsu in the drama "Shikirei Imagawaj˘". The role of Seijűr˘ was played by Ichikawa Danjűr˘ II.

11th lunar month of 1718: Monnosuke performed at the Moritaza in the kaomise drama "Zenkunen Yoroi Kurabe"; his stage partners were Matsumoto K˘shir˘, Sawamura S˘jűr˘, ďtani Hiroemon I, Mizuki Takejűr˘, Tomizawa Hanzabur˘ I, Tamazawa Rin'ya and Asao Jűjir˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1720: Monnosuke played at the Moritaza the role of Minamoto no Raik˘ in the kaomise drama "Kaig˘ Sakiwake Shitenn˘".

1st lunar month of 1721: Monnosuke played in the same theater the role of the courtesan ďiso no Tora in the new year sogamono drama "Nigiwai Suehiro Soga"; his stage partner in the role of Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari, Tora's lover, was Mimasuya Sukejűr˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1721: Monnosuke played at the Moritaza the role of Semimaru in the kaomise drama "Semimaru Y˘r˘ no Taki".

1st lunar month of 1722: Monnosuke's rank in the Edo hy˘banki, wakashugata section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual].

11th lunar month of 1722: Monnosuke moved to the Nakamuraza and played the role of Kusunoki Masatsura in the kaomise drama "H˘nen Taiheiki"; his stage partners were Ichikawa Danjűr˘ II (Nitta Yoshisada), ďtani Hiroji I (Nagasaki Kageyu Saemon), Mimasuya Sukejűr˘ (Shinozuka Iga-no-Kami) and Tsuruya Nanboku I (Hata Rokur˘zaemon).

1st lunar month of 1723: Monnosuke played in the same theater the role of Ky˘ no Jir˘ in the new year sogamono "Soga Koyomi Biraki".

11th lunar month of 1723: Monnosuke played at the Nakamuraza the role of H˘j˘ Tokimune in the kaomise drama "Sono Enp˘ Onna Migy˘sho", which celebrated the arrival at the Nakamuraza of the Kamigata actors Yamashita Kinsaku I and Sanogawa Senz˘.

1st lunar month of 1724: Monnosuke played in the same theater the role of the flowers seller Mikinosuke in the new year drama "Matsu Kazari Kamakura Biraki".

3rd lunar month of 1724: Monnosuke played in the same theater the role of Matsuwakamaru in the drama "Irifune Sumidagawa".

11th lunar month of 1724: Monnosuke played at the Nakamuraza the role of Ashikaga Yoshimasa in the kaomise drama "Taiheiki Okuni Kabuki".

1st lunar month of 1725: Monnosuke performed in the same theater in the new year drama "Funadama Izu Nikki".

11th lunar month of 1725: Monnosuke played at the Nakamuraza the role of Oniji in the kaomise drama "Oguri Ch˘seiden".

1st lunar month of 1726: Monnosuke played in the same theater the role of Minamoto no Raik˘ in the new year drama "Kadomatsu Shitenn˘", which commemorated the 22nd anniversary (23rd memorial service) of the passing away of late Ichikawa Danjűr˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1726: Monnosuke played at the Nakamuraza the role of Minamoto no Yoshiie in the kaomise drama "Kaomise Jűnidan"; his stage partner in the role of Wada Saemon was Matsumoto K˘shir˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1727: Monnosuke performed in the same theater in the new year sogamono drama "Yuzuri Gongen Soga".

11th lunar month of 1727: Monnosuke moved to the Moritaza and played one more time the role of Kusunoki Masatsura in the kaomise drama "H˘nen Taiheiki"; his stage partners were Ichikawa Danz˘ I (Hata Rokur˘zaemon), Tomizawa Hanzabur˘ I (Moron˘), Sakata Hangor˘ I (Nagasaki Kageyu Saemon), Tamazawa K˘jűr˘ (Nitta Yoshisada), Fujimura Handayű II (Kusunoki Kikusui), Sodesaki Miwano I (Manjű no Mae), Tsuruya Nanboku I (Shinozuka Iga-no-Kami) and Yamamoto Hanasato (K˘t˘-no-Naishi). This performance also celebrated the shűmei of the actor Tamazawa K˘jűr˘.

1st lunar month of 1728: Monnosuke was supposed to perform in the same theater in the new year drama "Hatsu Midori Aioi Soga" but, likely because of a health problem, he had to stop acting and he could rest for a few months.

11th lunar month of 1728: Monnosuke was back on stage, at the Nakamuraza, playing the role of Ema no Koshir˘ in the kaomise drama "Hoshi Kabuto Goban Tadanobu".

25th day of the 1st lunar month of 1729 [1]: Monnosuke died in Edo [2].

Comments:

Ichikawa Monnosuke I was a wakashugata actor reputed for his beauty and his powerful voice. He was referred in the Kabuki chronicles as "wakashugata no Kaisan" ("the founder of the young boys roles") or "wakashugata no Meijin" ("the master/expert of the young boys roles").

[1] The 25th day of the 1st lunar month of the 14th year of the Ky˘h˘ era was the 22nd of February 1729 in the western calendar.

[2] His tombstone was located in the Honseiji temple in the district of Fukagawa.

Ichikawa Monnosuke I in a print made by Torii Kiyotsune

Print made by Torii Kiyomasu

Print made by Torii Kiyonobu (1716 ~ 1720)

Print made by Okumura Toshinobu (1723 ~ 1729)

The Ichikawa Monnosuke line of actors

 
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