NAKAYAMA YOSHIO I

Stage names:

Nakayama Yoshio I In Japanese
Nakayama Ittoku I In Japanese

Other name:

Nakayama Nanshi I In Japanese

Nickname: ďya

Guild: Daikokuya

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Poetry names: Nanshi (1), Yoshio, Rik˘, Risei

Existence: 1776 ~ 23rd day of the 1st lunar month of 1818 [1]

Connection:

Master: Nakayama Bunshichi II

Son: Nakayama Ittoku III

Disciple: Nakayama Nanshi II

Career:

1776 ~ 1790: born in ďsaka. He started his career at an early age, as a disciple of Nakayama Raisuke II, performing in kodomo shibai under the name of Nakayama Ittoku I.

2nd lunar month of 1790: Ittoku became zamoto and produced at the Kado no Shibai the new year ni-no-kawari drama "Keisei Fuki no Shimadai".

19th day of the 2nd lunar month of 1798 [2]: his master Nakayama Bunshichi II died.

11th lunar month of 1799: Ittoku performed at the Kado no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Yunzei T˘ri Yaguruma", which was produced by Fujikawa Katsujir˘. He also played the role of Hanamachi in the drama "Ashiya D˘man ďuchi Kagami"; his stage partners were Asao Tamejűr˘ I, Arashi Kichisabur˘ II, Nakamura Noshio II and Seki Sanjűr˘ I. The troupe moved in the 12th lunar month from the Kado no Shibai to the Kitagawa no Shibai in Ky˘to to perform almost the same program.

8th lunar month of 1804: Nakayama Ittoku I took the name of Nakayama Yoshio I at the Kado no Shibai, performing in the drama "Hade Kurabe Ise Monogatari", which was produced by Nakamura Noshio III; his main stage partners were Kataoka Nizaemon VII, Onoe Koisabur˘ I, Fujikawa Hachiz˘ III, Fujikawa Tomokichi I, Nakayama Shinkur˘ III and Asao Tamejűr˘ II.

1st lunar month of 1808: premiere at the Naka no Shibai of Nagawa Tokusuke I's ni-no-kawari new year drama "Keisei Shina Sadame"; Yoshio played the roles of the keisei Katsuragi and Kaide [casting].

10th lunar month of 1809: Yoshio played at the Kado no Shibai the role of the courtesan Miyagino in the drama "Go Taiheiki Shiraishi Banashi"; the roles of Shinobu and S˘roku were played by Kan˘ Minshi I and Kataoka Nizaemon VII.

1st lunar month of 1810: premiere at the Kado no Shibai of Chikamatsu Tokuz˘ and Namiki Miyosuke ni-no-kawari drama "Keisei Sato no Funauta"; Yoshio played the roles of the keisei Higaki and Ry˘suke's ny˘b˘ Oyuki [casting].

3rd lunar month of 1810: tour in Ise with Kataoka Nizaemon VII and Nakayama Hyakka; Yoshio played among others the roles of Otane et Nureginu in the drama "Honch˘ Nijűshik˘".

9th lunar month of 1810: Yoshio played at the Kado no Shibai the roles of Shizuka Gozen, Oryű/Suke-no-Tsubone and Gonta's wife Kosen in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura"; his stage partners were Kataoka Nizaemon VII (Ginpei/Tomomori, Gonta), Arashi Sangor˘ III (Tadanobu/the fox Genkur˘) and Nakayama Hyakka (Yoshitsune).

3rd lunar month of 1812: Yoshio played at the Kita-Horie Ichi-no-Gawa Shibai (ďsaka) the roles of the courtesans Umegawa and Okon in the dramas "Koi Bikyaku Yamato ďrai" and "Ise Ondo Koi no Netaba"; the roles of Umegawa's lover Chűbŕ and Okon's lover Mitsugi were played by Arashi Sangor˘ III.

9th lunar month of 1812: Yoshio played at the Kitagawa no Shibai the role of the courtesan Umegawa in the drama "Koi Bikyaku Yamato ďrai"; the role of Umegawa's lover Chűbŕ was played by Onoe Shinshichi II.

11th lunar month of 1812: Yoshio played at the Naka no Shibai the role of Ohaya in the drama "Hirugaesu Nishiki no Tamoto", which welcomed in ďsaka the Edo star Band˘ Hikosabur˘ III. Yoshio also played the roles of Kaoyo Gozen, Okaru and Oishi in "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

1st lunar month of 1813: Yoshio's rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual].

3rd lunar month of 1813: Yoshio played in the same theater the roles of Kiku-no-Mae and the courtesan Okon in the dramas "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki" and "Ise Ondo Koi no Netaba"; the role of Mitsugi (Okon's lover) in the latter drama was played by Nakamura Daikichi I.

8th lunar month of 1813: Yoshio played in the same theater the roles of Chidori and Oyoshi in the drama "Hirakana Seisuiki"; the role of Genta was played by Band˘ Hikosabur˘ III.

2nd day of the 9th lunar month of 1813 [3]: a fire broke out in ďsaka in a chaya near the Naka no Shibai; it partially destroyed this theater. The troupe moved to the Kado no Shibai.

9th lunar month of 1813: Yoshio played at the Kado no Shibai the roles of Yae and Tonami in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"; the roles of Sakuramaru (Yae's husband) and Genz˘ (Tonami's husband) were played by Ogawa Kichitar˘ III and Band˘ Hikosabur˘ III (who did his isse ichidai performance in ďsaka).

11th lunar month of 1813: Yoshio played in Ky˘to at the Kitagawa no Shibai the roles of Kaoyo Gozen, Okaru and Osono in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura", which celebrated the isse ichidai performance of Band˘ Hikosabur˘ III.

2nd lunar month of 1816: Yoshio played at the Kado no Shibai the role of the courtesan Umegawa in the drama "Koi Bikyaku Yamato ďrai"; the role of Umegawa's lover Chűbŕ was played by Nakamura Utaemon III.

5th lunar month of 1816: Yoshio played in the same theater the role of Princess Yuki in the drama "Gion Sairei Shink˘ki"; the roles of Matsunaga Daizen and Konoshita T˘kichi were played by Kataoka Nizaemon VII and Nakamura Utaemon III. He also played the role of ďgiya Yűgiri in "Kuruwa Bunsh˘"; the role of Yűgiri's lover Fujiya Izaemon was played by Nakamura Utaemon III.

11th lunar month of 1816: Yoshio played at the Kitagawa no Shibai in the kaomise drama "H˘j˘ Jiraiki".

1st lunar month of 1817: Yoshio played at the Kado no Shibai the roles of Yodomachi Gozen and Oritsu in the new year ni-no-kawari drama "Keisei Chikugo-ga-Fuchi".

5th lunar month of 1817: Yoshio played in the same theater the roles of Koshina Danj˘'s wife Irie and Otane in the drama "Honch˘ Nijűshik˘".

8th lunar month of 1817: Yoshio played at the Tenma Tenjin no Shibai (ďsaka) the roles of Chidori and ďgiya Yűgiri in "Hirakana Seisuiki" and "Kuruwa Bunsh˘"; the role Fujiya Izaemon was played by Arashi Sangor˘ III.

11th lunar month of 1817: Yoshio played at the Kitagawa no Shibai the roles of Sadaka and Omiwa in the drama "Imoseyama Onna Teikin"; the roles of Daihanji no Kiyosumi and Fukashichi were played by Arashi Sangor˘ III and Band˘ Jűtar˘. He also played the role of Shirotae in the drama "Onna Hachinoki".

1st lunar month of 1818: Yoshio's rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was (shiro)itaru-j˘-j˘-kichi ((white) unique - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual]. He was the kanjiku for all the Kamigata onnagata actors. Yoshio made his last stage apperance, in Ky˘to at the Kitagawa no Shibai, where he played the roles of Tatsuta-no-Mae and Kan Sh˘j˘ in the classic "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami". He suddenly fell ill in his inn on the Kamogawa river the 21st day of the 1st lunar month.

23rd day of the 1st lunar month of 1818 [1]: Yoshio died in Ky˘to.

Comments:

Nakayama Yoshio I was a talented and popular ďsaka onnagata actor, who achieved fame for himself in Kamigata during the 1810s. He was able to perform any kind of female role, in sewamono or jidaimono. His field of excellence was said to be nuregoto. His stage partners were the stars of the Bunka era (Nakamura Utaemon III, Arashi Sangor˘ III or Kataoka Nizaemon VII to name a few). It was also interesteing to note that he never try to tour in Edo and that his final rank ((shiro)itaru-j˘-j˘-kichi) was the same as his master's one and both actors received it the year of their death.

[1] The 23rd day of the 1st lunar month of the 15th year of the Bunka era was the 27th of February 1818 in the western calendar.

[2] The 19th day of the 2nd lunar month of the 10th year of the Kansei era was the 4th of April 1798 in the western calendar.

[3] The 2nd day of the 9th lunar month of the 10th year of the Bunka era was the 25th of September 1813 in the western calendar.

Nakayama Yoshio I playing the role of the courtesan Umegawa in the drama "Koi Bikyaku Yamato ďrai", which was staged in the 2nd lunar month of 1816 at the Kado no Shibai (print made by Shunk˘sai Hokushű)

Prints & Illustrations

The Nakayama Ittoku line of actors

The Nakayama Yoshio line of actors

 
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