GONJď
   
Play title Hiyoku no Ch˘ Haru no Soga Giku  In Japanese
Sono Kouta Yume mo Yoshiwara  In Japanese
That Song and a Dream of Yoshiwara [1]
Common titles Gonj˘  In Japanese
Gonpachi Komurasaki  In Japanese
Author Fukumori Kiusuke
History

"Gonpachi Komurasaki" was premiered in the 1st lunar month of 1816 in Edo at the Nakamuraza as the first and second acts of the nibanme of the sogamono "Hiyoku no Ch˘ Haru no Soga Giku" [more details]. This new year drama mixed two sekai: it was a sogamono and a gonpachi-komurasakimono. "Gonj˘" is the nickname of the first act. Gon came from Gonpachi, the first name of the hero. came from ue no maki, which means the upper (ue; is another possible reading) volume (maki), aka the first act. The accompanying music, performed in the Kiyomoto style, became famous and its own title, "Sono Kouta Yume mo Yoshiwara", quickly became the title of these two acts, which were kept in the Kabuki repertoire. The others acts related to the vendetta of the Soga brothers fell into oblivion.

Structure

"Gonj˘" (1st act), which is more popular than "Gonge" (2nd act), can be staged independently or with "Gonge". "Gonj˘" is made up of two scenes:

Scene In Japanese In English
1 鈴ヶ森刑場 Suzu-ga-Mori Keij˘
At the Execution Ground of Suzu-ga-Mori
2 新吉原仲の町 Shin-Yoshiwara Nakanoch˘
In the Main Street of the Shin'Yoshiwara
You need a Japanese Language Kit installed within your system in order to be able to read the characters
Key words Gonpachi-komurasakimono
Hinin
Hirai Gonpachi
Kago
Kagokaki
Keij˘
Kiyomoto
Kouta
Kuruwa
Miuraya Komurasaki
Nakanoch˘
Obi
R˘nin
Sewamono
Shinz˘
Shin-Yoshiwara
Shirai Gonpachi
Suzu-ga-Mori
Taiko Mochi
Yoshiwara
Yume
Summary

Suzu-ga-Mori Keij˘
At the Execution Ground of Suzu-ga-Mori

It is night at the notorious Suzu-ga-Mori execution ground in Edo. Two officials are discussing the imminent arrival of a young r˘nin named Shirai Gonpachi, who has been sentenced to death for murder and theft. He has turned to crime to pay for his visits to the courtesan Miuraya Komurasaki in the Shin-Yoshiwara pleasure quarter (kuruwa) of Edo. The officials make their way to the place of execution together with the leader of the beggars and outcasts (hinin) who will attend as usual the execution.

The Kiyomoto musicians describe Shirai Gonpachi and the difference between the fine figure parading in the pleasure quarter and his current situation as he is led in mounted on an unsaddled horse with his arms bound.

Gonpachi dismounts and an official reads out the list of crimes for which the youth has been sentenced to death. Gonpachi, who has kneeled on the execution mat, is asked if there is anything he wishes to say. He addresses the assembled mob, officials and hinin, making an eloquent confession and admitting that lust and greed were the root causes of his downfall.

The death sentence is about to be carried out when Gonpachi's lover, Miuraya Komurasaki, comes running down the hanamichi. She begs to be allowed to bid her lover farewell and drink a final toast. As it is out of question to bring any sake, the toast will be in water. The officials reluctantly agree but when Gonpachi has just drunk the water, Komurasaki suddenly produces a knife and cuts the rope that binds him.

Shin-Yoshiwara Nakanoch˘
In the Main Street of the Shin-Yoshiwara

Gonpachi has just arrived at the Nakanoch˘ inside the Shin-Yoshiwara in a palanquin (kago) and, having fallen asleep on the way, the kagokaki call to him. He difficultly awakes. He had a terrible nightmare. He has just dreamt his death; the previous scene was just a very bad dream. In the meantime Komurasaki has been waiting impatiently for her lover's arrival, and a whole cortege including the Miuraya courtesans, shinz˘ and taiko mochi come to greet him. Amid the company is Umeno, the shinz˘ serving Komurasaki, who has brought a letter from Komurasaki for Gonpachi. She gives him the letter and then ties her obi to Gonpachi, saying that Komurasaki had told her to do so, in order that she may be sure that Gonpachi will come to visit her. Gonpachi goes off with the lively company, but he still can't shake off the gloom and can't get rid of a strange sense of foreboding coming from this very bad dream.

Notes

[1] The title "That Song and a Dream of Yoshiwara" comes from Samuel Leiter's "Historical Dictionary of Japanese Traditional Theatre".

The actors Onoe Baik˘ VI and Ichimura Uzaemon XV playing the roles of Miuraya Komurasaki and Shirai Gonpachi in the "Suzu-ga-Mori" scene of the drama "Sono Kouta Yume mo Yoshiwara", which was staged in June 1930 at the T˘ky˘ Gekij˘

 
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