ďTANI TOMOEMON I

Stage names:

ďtani Tomoemon I In Japanese
ďtani Tomosabur˘ In Japanese
Takeda Tomosabur˘ In Japanese

Guilds: Yamashinaya, ďzakaya

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Poetry name: Shiyű

Existence: 1744 ~ 16th day of the 8th lunar month of 1781 [1]

Connections:

Master: ďtani Hirohachi I

Disciple: ďtani Kuniji II, ďtani Daihachi

Career:

1744: born in ďsaka.

1763: he became disciple of the actor ďtani Hirohachi I and received the name of ďtani Tomosabur˘.

11th lunar month of 1765: ďtani Tomosabur˘ took the name of ďtani Tomoemon I in Ky˘to, performing in the kaomise drama "Kachidoki Asahi no ďgi", which was produced by Ichiyama Sukegor˘ II and Yamashita Ky˘nosuke at the Minamigawa no Shibai and welcomed in Ky˘to the Edo actor Ichikawa Danz˘ III.

1st lunar month of 1767: Tomoemon's rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, katakiyaku section, was j˘-j˘ (superior - superior) [visual].

Fall 1769: Tomoemon went to Edo.

11th lunar month of 1769: Tomoemon played at the Ichimuraza the role of Kasuya T˘ta Arisue in the kaomise drama "Mutsu no Hana Ume no Kaomise".

1st lunar month of 1772: Tomoemon achieved a great success at the Ichimuraza by playing the roles of Sukune Tar˘ and Shiratayű in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

11th lunar month of 1772: Tomoemon moved to the Nakamuraza, became jitsuaku and performed in the kaomise drama "ďyoroi Ebid˘ Shinozuka", which celebrated the shűmei of Ichikawa Ebiz˘ III, Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV and Ichikawa Komaz˘ III.

1st lunar month of 1773: Tomoemon's rank in the Edo hy˘banki, jitsuaku section, was j˘-j˘-(shiro)kichi (superior - superior - (white) excellent) [visual].

11th lunar month of 1773: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the kaomise drama "Gohiiki Kanjinch˘"; Tomoemon played the roles of the money broker Ch˘bŕ and Minamoto no Yukiie [casting]. This 46-days long performance, which also celebrated the shűmei of Nakamura Rik˘ I, was a tremendous success.

5th lunar month of 1774: Tomoemon played in the same theater the roles of the yakko Edohei and Washizuka Hachiheiji in the drama "Koi Ny˘b˘ Somewake Tazuna".

7th lunar month of 1774: Tomoemon played in the same theater the roles of Sukune Tar˘ and Shiratayű in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami". He also played the roles of ďta Ry˘chiku and Ono no Sadakur˘ in "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

9th lunar month of 1774: Tomoemon played in the same theater the roles of the kagokaki Jinbŕ and the tedai Gonkur˘ in "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki".

11th lunar month of 1774: Tomoemon performed at the Ichimuraza in Horikoshi Saiy˘'s kaomise drama "Chigo Sakura Jűsangane", which celebrated the shűmei of Segawa Kikunoj˘ III.

5th lunar month of 1775: Tomoemon played in the same theater the role Yamaguchi Kurojir˘ in the drama "Gion Sairei Shink˘ki".

11th lunar month of 1775: Tomoemon performed at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "Hana Zum˘ Genji Biiki".

3rd lunar month of 1776: first Kabuki adaptation of Matsu Kanshi's puppet theater drama "Koi Musume Mukashi Hachij˘", which was staged at the Nakamuraza; Tomoemon played the role of the tedai J˘hachi [casting].

5th lunar month of 1776: Tomoemon played in the same theater the roles of Sagisaka Bannai and Teraoka Heiemon in "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

11th lunar month of 1776: Tomoemon performed at the Moritaza in the kaomise drama "Hikitsurete Yagoe Taiheiki".

Summer 1777: the book "Yakusha Sensakuron" ('About actors prying') was published in Edo. It gave some private information on actors. Edo readers learnt that Tomoemon's yearly salary was 450 ry˘ and that his wife Omine was the daughter of Taiko no Jűemon (most likely a taiko player).

11th lunar month of 1777: Tomoemon performed at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "Masakado Kanmuri no Hatsuyuki".

7th lunar month of 1778: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the play "Date Kurabe Okuni Kabuki"; Tomoemon played the roles of Watanabe Rinzaemon and Kurosawa Kanz˘ [casting].

11th lunar month of 1778: Tomoemon performed at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "Motomishi Yuki Sakae Hachinoki", which celebrated the shűmei of Yoshizawa Ayame IV and the first stage appearance of Band˘ Mitahachi I.

11th lunar month of 1779: Tomoemon performed at the Ichimuraza in the kaomise drama "Azuma no Mori Sakae Kusunoki", which celebrated the shűmei of Azuma T˘z˘ III and Segawa Otome.

1st lunar month of 1780: Tomoemon's rank in the Edo hy˘banki, jitsuaku section, was j˘-j˘-(hanshiro)kichi (superior - superior - (half-white) excellent) [visual].

11th lunar month of 1780: Tomoemon performed at the Ichimuraza in the kaomise drama "Mure Takamatsu Yuki no Shirahata".

7th lunar month of 1781: Tomoemon appeared on stage for the last time, in Edo at the Ichimuraza, playing the role of Uzura Gonbŕ in the drama "Muromachi-dono Eiga Butai". He suddenly fell ill and stopped acting.

16th day of the 8th lunar month of 1781 [1]: Tomoemon died in Edo.

Comments:

ďtani Tomoemon I was a good jitsuaku and in his latter years oyajigata. He was also a talented shamisen player.

[1] The 16th day of the 8th lunar month of the 1st year of the Tenmei era was the 3rd of October 1781 in the western calendar.

The Actor ďtani Tomoemon I as Kawatabiya Mombei in the Play ďyoroi Ebid˘ Shinozuka, Performed at the Nakamura Theater in the Eleventh Month, 1772
Artist: Katsukawa Shunsh˘
Date: 1767ľ1777
The Art Institute of Chicago (print in the public domain)

Prints & Illustrations

The ďtani Tomoemon line of actors

 
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