BANDď SH█KA I

Stage names:

Band˘ Shűka I In Japanese
Band˘ Tamasabur˘ I In Japanese

Others names:

Band˘ Mitsugor˘ V In Japanese
Band˘ Tamanosuke I In Japanese

Guild: Yamatoya

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Poetry name: Shűka

Existence: 1813 ~ 6th day of the 3rd lunar month of 1855 [1]

Connections:

Adoptive father: Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III

Son: Band˘ Mitsugor˘ VI

Adopted son: Band˘ Minosuke IV

Disciples: Band˘ Kashiku, Band˘ Matahachi (?)

Career:

1813 ~ 1824: born in Edo. Second son of Tachibanaya Jisuke, an accounting manager at the Ichimuraza. He became a disciple of the star Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III, who decided to adopt him and gave him the name of Band˘ Tamanosuke I.

11th lunar month of 1824: he appeared on stage for the first time, taking the name of Band˘ Tamasabur˘ I at the Ichimuraza.

6th lunar month of 1827: premiere at the Kawarasakiza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's drama "Hitori Tabi Gojűsan Tsugi"; Tamasabur˘ played the roles of the courtesan Iroha and Shinanoya Ohan [casting].

8th lunar month of 1829: tour in Nagoya with Band˘ Hikosabur˘ IV. Tamasabur˘ achieved a great success by playing the roles of Okon and Yűgiri in the dramas "Ise Ondo Koi no Netaba" and "Kuruwa Bunsh˘" in the precinct of the Seijuin Temple.

1st lunar month of 1830: Tamasabur˘ and Band˘ Hikosabur˘ IV settle in ďsaka. They perform together at the Naka no Shibai. Tamasabur˘ played with success the role of Ohan in the drama "Katsuragawa Renri no Shigarami" (commonly called "Obiya"), which was produced by the zamoto Fujikawa Katsusabur˘ I.

27th day of the 12th lunar month of 1831 [2]: his adoptive father Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III died.

Fall 1832: Tamasabur˘ went back to Edo.

11th lunar month of 1832: Tamasabur˘ played at the Ichimuraza the roles of Hanazono and Kosakura in the kaomise drama "Band˘ Musha Tsunagate Hajime".

11th lunar month of 1839: Band˘ Tamasabur˘ I took the name of Band˘ Shűka I at the Ichimuraza, performing in the kaomise drama "Taiheiki Irifune Shinozuka". Shűka was in fact a haimy˘ which was used by Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III.

6th lunar month of 1841: tour in K˘fu; Shűka played at the Kameyaza the roles of Kaoyo Gozen, Okaru and Tonase in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

1st lunar month of 1843: premiere at the Ichimuraza of the dance "Kashiragaki Ise Monogatari" (commonly called "Noriaibune"), which was staged within the new year sogamono drama "Kioi Uta Soga no Hanadashi"; Shűka was one of the seven dancers [more details].

6th lunar month of 1845: Shűka played at the Ichimuraza the role of Oginoya Yaegiri in the drama "Komochi Yamanba"; the role of Sakata Kurando Tokiyuki was played by Mimasu Baisha.

8th lunar month of 1845: Shűka played at the Ichimuraza the roles of Osato ("Sushiya") and Shizuka Gozen in the classic "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

1st lunar month of 1846: premiere at the Nakamuraza of Sakurada Jisuke III's Tokiwazu-based dance-drama "Kagura Uta Kumoi no Kyokumari", which was commonly called "Dontsuku"; Shűka performed in it [more details].

8th lunar month of 1848: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Nishizawa Ipp˘'s drama "Eiri Sh˘setsu Asagao Monogatari"; Shűka played the role of Miyuki [casting].

9th lunar month of 1850: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the drama "Minoriyoshi Kogane no Kikuzuki"; Shűka played the role of Hatsushiba [more details].

2nd lunar month of 1851: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Sakurada Jisuke III's Kiyomoto-based dance "Akegarasu Hana no Nureginu", commonly called "Urazato Tokijir˘"; Shűka played the role of Yamanaya Urazato [casting].

5th lunar month of 1851: Shűka played at the Ichimuraza the role of Princess Taema in the drama "Narukami"; the role of the wicked priest Narukami was played by Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VIII.

11th lunar month of 1851: Shűka played at the Ichimuraza the role of Osono in the drama "Hana Momiji K˘ra no Furugaki" (similar to the play "Hikosan Gongen Chikai no Sukedachi"); the role of Rokusuke was played by Sawamura Ch˘jűr˘ V.

1st lunar month of 1852: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Sakurada Jisuke III's drama "Satomi Hakkenden"; Shűka played the roles of Inuzuka Shino Moritaka and Princess Fuse [casting].

3rd lunar month of 1852: Shűka played at the Ichimuraza the role of the shiraby˘shi Hanako in the dance "Ky˘ganoko Musume D˘j˘ji", which is staged to commemorate the 23rd memorial service of his late adopted father Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III.

9th lunar month of 1852: the play "Sesshű Gapp˘-ga-Tsuji" was staged for the first time in Edo, at the Ichimuraza; Shűka played the role of Tamate Gozen [casting].

4th lunar month of 1853: Shűka played at the Kawarasakiza the role of Shizuka Gozen in the "Yoshinoyama" and "Shi-no-Kiri" scenes of the classic "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura"; the roles of Tadanobu and Yoshitsune were played by Arashi Rikaku II and Band˘ Takesabur˘ I.

5th lunar month of 1853: Shűka played at the Kawarasakiza the role of the female thief Hanaoka, who held 5 different names and disguises (Kaminari no Onaru, Gokuin Osen, Hotei no Oichi, Annozaka no Odaka and Karigane no Obun), in the drama "Karigane Gonin Onna" [3].

3rd lunar month of 1854: premiere at the Kawarasakiza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Miyakodori Nagare no Shiranami"; Shűka played the role of the keisei Hanako, in reality the thief Tengű Koz˘ Kiritar˘, in reality Yoshida Matsuwakamaru [casting].

6th lunar month of 1854: premiere at the Kawarasakiza of Shinoda Sasuke's drama "Kumo no Uwasa Onna Narukami"; Shűka played the role of the ama Narukami [casting].

11th lunar month of 1854: Shűka appeared on stage for the last time, in Edo at the Kawarasakiza, where he played the roles of Kaoyo Gozen and Okaru in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

6th day of the 3rd lunar month of 1855 [1]: Shűka died in Edo.

Comments:

Band˘ Shűka I was an outstanding onnagata, who developped excellent diction and personal acting techniques. His forte were courageous and wild-spirited female roles. His fame in Edo between 1840 and 1854 was as high as his tachiyaku stage partner Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VIII.

Band˘ Shűka I's best roles: Okaru ("Kanadehon Chűshingura"), Yae ("Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"), Agemaki ("Sukeroku"), Shizuka Gozen ("Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura"), the ama Narukami ("Onna Narukami") and Ohan ("Katsuragawa Renri no Shigarami").

Band˘ Shűka I received posthumously the name of Band˘ Mitsugor˘ V and his son, who was Band˘ Mitsugor˘ V, became Band˘ Mitsugor˘ VI.

[1] The 6th day of the 3rd lunar month of the 2nd year of the Ansei era was the 31st of March 1855 in the western calendar.

[2] The 27th day of the 12th lunar month of the 2nd year of the Tenp˘ era was the 29th of January 1832 in the western calendar.

[3] This parodic play was in fact the female version of the famous "Karigane Gonin Otoko", an ďsaka sewamono whose heroes were 5 thieves called Kaminari Sh˘kur˘, Gokuin Sen'emon, Hotei Ichiemon, An no Heibei and Karigane Bunshichi.

Band˘ Shűka I in a print made by Utagawa Toyokuni III

Prints & Illustrations

Print made by Utagawa Kuniyoshi

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1849

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1850

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1852

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1852

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1853

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1854

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1860

The Band˘ Tamanosuke line of actors

The Band˘ Tamasabur˘ line of actors

The Band˘ Shűka line of actors

The Band˘ Mitsugor˘ line of actors

 
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