|KATAOKA NIZAEMON I|
Line number: SHODAI (I)
Poetry name: Sakoku
Blazon: the ideogram for two (2 horizontal bars) in a circle
Existence: 1656 ~ 1st day of the 11th lunar month of 1715 
Master: Yamashita Ky˘emon I
Brother: Tomishima Harunoj˘
Brother-in-law: Fujikawa Shigeemon (Kataoka Nizaemon III)
Son: Kataoka Nizaemon II
1656 ~ 1694: born in Ky˘to. He started his career as a shamisen player performing under the name of Fujikawa Izabur˘.
Beginning of the 1680s : he was scouted by the star Yamashita Hanzaemon I, who welcomed him as a disciple and trained him as an actor. His first stage name was ďnishi Moriemon.
1st lunar month of 1688: he took the name of Kataoka Nizaemon I in Ky˘to.
11th lunar month of 1698: Nizaemon became zamoto and produced with success the plays "Ishikawa Goemon", "Yadonashi Danshichi" and "Shuten D˘ji" in ďsaka at Shioya Kur˘emon's theater.
1st lunar month of 1699: Nizaemon coproduced several played with Araki Yojibŕ I.
Spring 1700: Nizaemon became tachiyaku and triumphed in ďsaka in the play "Keisei Mugen no Kane", written by Ki-no-Kaion (Chikamatsu Monzaemon's rival playwright) and produced by the zamoto Otowa Jirosabur˘ I.
Winter 1700~1701: Nizaemon became zamoto at Shioya Kur˘emon's theater.
1st lunar month of 1701: his rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘ (superior - superior) [visual]. He produced the play "Hyakunichi Soga" in which he played the role of Soga Gor˘. His stage partner for the role of Sh˘sh˘, Gor˘'s courtesan lover, was the onnagata Sodesaki Karyű.
11th lunar month of 1701: Nizaemon produced in ďsaka the kaomise drama "Yadonashi Danshichi Shichinenki", in which he played the eponymous role of Danshichi; his stage partners were Takioka Hikoemon (Issun Tokubŕ) and Osagawa Jűemon (Tsuribune Sabu).
1st lunar month of 1702: his rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, jitsuaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual]. Nizaemon produced at Shioya Kur˘emon's theater the drama "Heishin'˘ Masakado" in which he played the role of Masakado; his stage partner in the role of Ishi˘maru was Sawamura Ch˘jűr˘ I.
1st lunar month of 1704 ~ 1708: Nizaemon worked as a zamoto in ďsaka.
8th lunar month of 1706: short stay in Ky˘to; Nizaemon performed with Segawa Takenoj˘ I in the plays "Ishikawa Goemon" and "ďtomo no Matori".
11th lunar month of 1706: Nizaemon produced in ďsaka the kaomise drama "Ebisu Otoko Onna Daigoku Hashira Gatame"; his stage partners were Shibazaki Rinzaemon I, Arashi Sanjűr˘ I, Asao Jűjir˘ I and Yoshizawa Ayame I.
1st lunar month of 1708: Nizaemon produced in ďsaka the new year drama "Minamoto no Manjű Okina Muko", in which he played the role of Hirai Yasusuke.
11th lunar month of 1711: Nizaemon played in Ky˘to the role of ďtsuchi D˘emon in the kaomise drama "Kikenj˘", which was produced at Hoteiya Umenoj˘'s theater by Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ I and celebrated the shűmei of Takioka Saburoshir˘ and Murayama Heijűr˘ II.
11th lunar month of 1712: Nizaemon played in Ky˘to at Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater the role of Ishid˘ Saemon, in reality Bingo no Hachir˘, in the kaomise drama "Banbanzai", which was produced by Miyako Mandayű.
Fall 1715: Nizaemon appeared on stage for the last time, at Kameya Kumenoj˘'s theater, playing the role of Iwagi no Hangan in the play "Sansh˘-dayű".
11th lunar month of 1715: Nizaemon was about to perform in Ky˘to in the kaomise drama "Manp˘ Chitose no Matsu" but he fell ill and died suddenly the 1st day of the 11th lunar month of 1715 . He was replaced and a moving oration dedicated to his memory was made on stage by the actor Shinozuka Jirozaemon I.
Kataoka Nizaemon was a prominent Kamigata tachiyaku, who won fame for himself during the Genroku era. He was extremely appreciated by the ďsaka and Ky˘to audiences in the roles of katakiyaku and jitsugotoshi. He was the first actor to play and popularize the role of Danshichi Kurobŕ, now one of the most famous male roles in the Kabuki repertoire.
 The 1st day of the 11th lunar month of the 5th year of the Sh˘toku era was the 26th of November 1715 in the western calendar.
Kataoka Nizaemon I
The Kataoka Nizaemon line of actors
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